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  • Thumbnail for Hiroshima:  Aerial photograph of the city, showing areas of damage
    Hiroshima: Aerial photograph of the city, showing areas of damage

    This aerial photo of Hiroshima was taken on August 9, 1945. (Use the magnifying glass tool in the left of the tool bar to enlarge the photo.) The legend in the upper right provides the key for the graphic colors -- buildings in the area in red were totally collapsed and burned, those in the pink area were totally collapsed, those in the yellow area were half collapsed and burned / irreparably damaged. The area of irreparable damage extended out as far as 4 kilometers and beyond. Between the blast damage and the ensuing fires, the devastation of Hiroshima was essentially total.

  • Thumbnail for Haniwa house with hipped and gable roof
    Haniwa house with hipped and gable roof

    This is a haniwa, an earthenware clay object associated with the burial mounds of the Kansai region. The form of the roof, soaring up and out at the ends, is typical of many haniwa representations of dwellings of the period. -- Important as an artifact, in and of itself, the sweep of the contour of the roof in this example also calls to mind the shape of the cenotaph at Hiroshima. The cenotaph probably was created in this form to create an association with haniwa and with the ideas of home and shelter.

  • Thumbnail for Hiroshima:  Peace Memorial Museum, Art by Survivors, 26 -- "Trapped in a fallen house..."
    Hiroshima: Peace Memorial Museum, Art by Survivors, 26 -- "Trapped in a fallen house..." by Matsumuro, Kazuo

    Trapped in a fallen house, this mother and child were surrounded by fire and calling for help. August 6, around 9:00 am, Tanaka-machi, about 1,000 meters from the hypocenter.

  • Thumbnail for Hiroshima: Peace Memorial Museum, Immediate effects of blast and heat on physical objects, 04.  Melted ceramic roof tiles.
    Hiroshima: Peace Memorial Museum, Immediate effects of blast and heat on physical objects, 04. Melted ceramic roof tiles.

    The heat of the fire partially melted these tiles and fused them like a lump of lava. Tiles melt at 1,200 to 1,300 degrees C. Thus, these fused roof tiles reveal how extremely hot the fire was.

  • Thumbnail for Hiroshima:  Housing in the aftermath of the explosion
    Hiroshima: Housing in the aftermath of the explosion

    Photograph taken near the Yokogawa Station in October, 1945, showing the makeshift huts in which survivors were living.

  • Thumbnail for Sarasvati
    Sarasvati

    Information provided by the museum label states, "The religion of Jainism has existed since the fifth century B.C. Like other faiths in India, it teaches that an ultimate goal in life is to seek release from continual rebirth; it also, however, stresses individual responsibility in this process. Jainism honors a large pantheon of deities and supportive beings, many of which are borrowed from Hinduism and Buddhism. "The image of Sarasvati, a goddess respected by both Hindus and Jains, once stood in a Jain temple in India. She sits displaying vara mudra (the gesture of charity) with her left hand. In her right hand she carries a book; in her upper-left and right hands she holds a festooned noose and an elephant goad, attributes normally associated with the elephant-headed god Ganesha. He and Saravati are usually invoked together before beginning literary enterprises." -- India, Karnataka -- Gray chloritic schist -- Coll. Art Institute of Chicago (James W. and Marilynn Alsdorf Collection, 224.1997)

  • Thumbnail for Ryoanji, interior, main hall
    Ryoanji, interior, main hall

    View across the interior of the main hall at Ryoanji. With the fusuma sliding panels open, one can see the integration of interior and exterior spaces that typifies traditional Japanese architecture and also sense how they may be opened and closed within the interior space to define that space in different ways. This current building was moved here from another site to replace the original hall, which burned in 1789. The round wooden object in the forground is a mokugyo, a wooden “bell†or “gong†that is sounded by being struck with a mallet.

  • Thumbnail for Hiroshima:  Children’s Peace Monument, figure at top of monument
    Hiroshima: Children’s Peace Monument, figure at top of monument

    At the top of the monument, which is nine-meters high, is this bronze statue of a young girl, perhaps a reference to Sadako Sasaki. In her hands, she lifts a golden crane above her head. The crane carries dreams for a peaceful future. -- On the sides of monument are bronze figures of a young boy and another young girl.

  • Thumbnail for Ginkakuji, exterior and garden, composition in garden view, 1972
    Ginkakuji, exterior and garden, composition in garden view, 1972

    Exterior of Ginkakuji, viewed across the garden pond. Note the framing of the pavilion by the shape of the pine tree and note also the size and shape of the bushes in the foreground -- compare these elements to image I.D. No. ecasia000944, photographed a quarter of a century later.

  • Thumbnail for Ajanta Caves, bridge over dry Waghora Riverbed
    Ajanta Caves, bridge over dry Waghora Riverbed

    The Ajanta Caves were carved out of the rocky hillside surrounding a bend in the Waghora River. During the dry season, the riverbed becomes a footpath but in the rainy season, people wade through the stream over slippery rocks.

  • Thumbnail for Hiroshima: Monument to Korean Victims and Survivors
    Hiroshima: Monument to Korean Victims and Survivors

    Over-view of the monument erected on the edge of the Peace Park in 1970, by a group of Koreans. It is dedicated to the many Koreans who died or were injured in Hiroshima by the A-bomb explosion.

  • Thumbnail for Ginkakuji, garden, detail, path and stone bridge
    Ginkakuji, garden, detail, path and stone bridge

    Path through lower garden at Ginkakuji, with slab of rock that forms bridge across part of the garden pond.

  • Thumbnail for Bodhisattva figure
    Bodhisattva figure

    Bodhisattva figures adorn the outer walls of the caves. These bodhisattva figures represent the ideal of leaving one's family, wealth, and social standing to take up the life of a wandering Buddhist mendicant seeking enlightenment

  • Thumbnail for Ginkakuji, moss garden, gardener
    Ginkakuji, moss garden, gardener

    Woman gardener in traditional garb works in the moss garden at Ginkakuji, Kyoto, sweeping leaves off from the carpet of moss. Note: slide taken in 1972.

  • Thumbnail for Zar Zari Zar Baksh Dargah, ritual of thanksgiving for child, weighing baskets for ritual
    Zar Zari Zar Baksh Dargah, ritual of thanksgiving for child, weighing baskets for ritual

    These two metal baskets used for the child weighing ritual are connected by a thick rope positioned over the strong limb of a tree in the courtyard of the dargah. [For description of the ritual, see cbind0043.]

  • Thumbnail for Buddha seated in teaching pose
    Buddha seated in teaching pose

    Seated in a throne-like setting, the Buddha is depicted with his hands in the teaching pose. His feet rest on a lotus, symbol of enlightenment, and supernatural beings are carved around him, ostensibly also attending to his teachings. The throne was constructed in the shape of a stupa within the cave, with ample room around it for monks and pilgrims to circumambulate the image.

  • Thumbnail for Auspicious figures on cave doorway, amorous couple (detail)
    Auspicious figures on cave doorway, amorous couple (detail)

    Around the entranceways to the caves are figures of amorous couples symbolizing the good fortune of fertility and happiness. Sitting comfortably with the bodies touching, the woman leans against her partner's knee, while he reaches to stroke her face. Lotuses frame the scene.

  • Thumbnail for Painted Maitreya Buddha
    Painted Maitreya Buddha

    The last in a series of painted buddhas and bodhisattvas framing the doorway above one of the caves, the royal Maitreya, buddha of a future age, is seated in a lotus position. His right hand may be held in the varada mudra, the gesture of compassion.

  • Thumbnail for Ryoanji, rock garden, detail, east end, May
    Ryoanji, rock garden, detail, east end, May

    View of east end of the garden at Ryoanji, wall on south side of the garden, and weeping cherry tree in blossom on other side of wall. Petals of fallen blossoms gather on roof of wall and in garden on south side. May, 1998.

  • Thumbnail for Ryoanji, moss garden at west side of hojo, 1972
    Ryoanji, moss garden at west side of hojo, 1972

    Image of moss garden on west side of Hojo at Ryoanji, taken in 1972, summer. Wall of rock garden, at that time, extended along west and north sides of moss garden; subsequently wall removed from moss garden. Compare with image ecasia000903. Date of original moss garden?

  • Thumbnail for Khuldabad, Aurangzeb Mosque minarets
    Khuldabad, Aurangzeb Mosque minarets

    The speakers visible in this photo are used to announce the call to prayer.

  • Thumbnail for Torii gate
    Torii gate

    Stone torii gate at the entrance to the main shrine at Miyajima.

  • Thumbnail for Shrine at Miyajima
    Shrine at Miyajima

    A view into one of the sanctuaries/worship areas at the main shrine at Miyajima. Only priests or shrine maidens would be allowed inside.

  • Thumbnail for Aurangzeb Mosque, sign
    Aurangzeb Mosque, sign

    Sign in English and Hindi for the Tomb of the last Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. Behind this sign is a small sign explaining that anyone who vandalizes this monument will be subject to imprisonment of up to three months, a fine of up to 5000 rupees [more than $100], or both.

  • Thumbnail for Aurangzeb Mosque, Qur'anic inscription
    Aurangzeb Mosque, Qur'anic inscription

    Passages from the Qur'an are used as decorations and as reminders of the presence of God in homes and in public places, as well as in mosques.