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  • Thumbnail for Rendering: Moon of the Scarlet Plum-Crazy Horse
  • Thumbnail for Case Studies:  The impact of bilingualism and working memory on reading acquisition
    Case Studies: The impact of bilingualism and working memory on reading acquisition by Crow, Elizabeth

    Abstract The following case study involved two students with disabilities, Cassie and Andi, who received small-group reading instruction through the Take Flight Reading Program©. The students were chosen because formal testing revealed both students have working memory impairments, language deficits, and are English Language Learners (ELLs). After two years of regular classroom and intervention instruction the students did not demonstrate growth in reading fluency commensurate with their peers. The purpose of examining this case study was to answer the following three questions: 1) Does dual language learning tax the cognitive capacity of children with disabilities? 2) Are there similarities and differences in reading acquisition and impairment between monolingual and bilingual students? 3) To what extent do working memory deficits impact the reading acquisition skills of bilingual students? Research indicates that children with disabilities are capable of learning a second language and that although there are a few differences in reading acquisition and impairment between monolingual and bilingual children there are many similarities. Studies also show that working memory is an integral component in reading development, and short-term memory and working memory deficits contribute to reading difficulties regardless of whether one is monolingual or bilingual.

  • Thumbnail for Teaching Autism Spectrum Disorder Learners:  Improving Outcome by Integrating the Outdoors
    Teaching Autism Spectrum Disorder Learners: Improving Outcome by Integrating the Outdoors by Arbury, Heidi Raine

    Teachers can improve outcomes with ASD learners by considering each child's individual strengths, interests, capabilities, and special needs during planning and implementation. As with general education learners, the teacher that focuses on establishing and maintaining meaningful relationships and creating a nurturing classroom community will find the best from each child. Deficits in communications or social interactions can be developed using outdoor activities, and restricted or repetitive behaviors can be redirected using positive reinforcement.

  • Thumbnail for SC-10-BL
    SC-10-BL

    Indiscernable, amorphous quartzofeldspathic crystals, opaques, and glass comprise over 95% of this thin section. The remainder are subhedral quartz and feldspar phenocrysts. The handsample contains biotite flakes and feldspar phenocrysts up to 8 mm in length, none of which were captured in thin section.

  • Thumbnail for Crazy Horse: Meadowlark
    Crazy Horse: Meadowlark by Ames, Gypsy

    A costume rendering by Gypsy Ames, professor of Drama and Dance at Colorado College. Renderings were created using a variety of media and may be in color or black and white. Some include swatches of fabric.

  • Thumbnail for Crazy Horse: Coyote
    Crazy Horse: Coyote by Ames, Gypsy

    A costume rendering by Gypsy Ames, professor of Drama and Dance at Colorado College. Renderings were created using a variety of media and may be in color or black and white. Some include swatches of fabric.

  • Thumbnail for Rendering: Crazy Horse ""Coyote"" with small detail
  • Thumbnail for Rendering: Mechanic (mechanic shirt)
  • Thumbnail for “Book ’em Danno!” Environmental liability disclosure in a post Sarbanes-Oxley environment
    “Book ’em Danno!” Environmental liability disclosure in a post Sarbanes-Oxley environment by Spears, Sarah R.

    Despite increasing legal and social pressure to reduce environmental impact, many corporations continue environmentally damaging industrial practices. This study seeks to understand the impact of accounting policies articulated in the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) by studying changes in the PERI Toxic 100 Air Polluters index, pre and post SOX. Results suggest that full recognition of environmental liabilities in corporate financial statements has not increased since 2002, but important differences between companies showing improved environmental impact and those who have yet to implement changes are elucidated.

  • Thumbnail for Japan, 1951:  Abandoned children of the Occupation
    Japan, 1951: Abandoned children of the Occupation

    The disasters of nature are terrible and those of accidents are distressing, but none surpass the human tragedies of war. Here is a group of children- with Japanese mothers and American GI fathers- whom they have never seen. --This was the description to accompany this image as written by Arthur O. Rinden, the photographer. His description, which he referred to as a "script", was to accompany a slide show of the images for family and others.

  • Thumbnail for Selling ideas : the determinants of patent value in an auction environment
    Selling ideas : the determinants of patent value in an auction environment by Sneed, Katherine A. , Johnson, Daniel K. N.

    Although previous empirical studies have found relationships between patent characteristics and value, none have determined how specific attributes relate to auction value or even the probability of a successful auction sale. Using a Heckman two-step model, we regress thirteen independent variables against unique patent auction data, finding that publicly-owned and frequently referenced patents are more valuable, and that other things equal, there is an optimal time to offer a patent up for auction.

  • Thumbnail for Fan painting - Calligraphy
    Fan painting - Calligraphy by Unknown

    Three separate texts by three different writers. The middle text mentions a Han stele, either the Liqi Bei or the equally famous Shichen Bei. None of the writers have been identified. The middle inscription mentions the "Han Minister of Lu…at the Confucian Temple." The characters do not equate absolutely with the standard titles of the stele mentioned above, but they do refer to the same temple and same title as given in the inscriptions for those stele. The script used in the middle inscription is the clerical script used in those famous monuments.

  • Thumbnail for Domestic violence and the military
    Domestic violence and the military by Pease, Marilyn

    The military is inherently associated with violence. Some studies have attempted to forge a link between military members and property crime or previous abuse, but none have explored the specific link between domestic violence and the military. This study presents a game-theoretic model that attempts to determine if the presence of military bases is positively correlated with the rates of violent crimes in the area. A Tobit regression model is used to identify the determinants of violent crime at a county level. Results indicate that the branch of the military most consistently associated with elevated levels of violence is the Air Force. This may, however, be largely dependent on the specific time period used for the study.

  • Thumbnail for Does Gaining or Losing a Star Player Affect Franchise Valuation Differently for Different Teams?
    Does Gaining or Losing a Star Player Affect Franchise Valuation Differently for Different Teams? by McCully, Caroline Zara

    This study investigates a superstar’s affect on the value of different NBA teams. Two team’s values were examined over the course of ten years and then used to explore the statistical value of that player on each franchise. Recent literature has examined the impact of star power on NBA gate revenues and the effect NBA player’s have on policy and our economy but none has explored LeBron James’ significance to the two teams he has played for. The evidence presented suggests LeBron’s star power is more valuable to Cleveland. Additional empirical results are reported in the text.

  • Thumbnail for An iconoclast’s view of collaboration
    An iconoclast’s view of collaboration by Horton, Valerie

    Collaborative Librarianship has an impressive Advisory Board, none more so than the brilliant, original, and always challenging Stephen Abram. Abram has a long and distinguished career as illustrated by the biography below, but it isn’t just his achievements that set Abram apart. He is a strong supporter of library cooperation and rethinking our profession. He is also fearlessness in confronting our sacred cows and hidebound thinking. At conferences, his audiences come away with Abram’s clear voice echoing a sober but potentially bright future for libraries; and occasionally they leave angry, stirred up by his bold willingness to tackle controversial topics.

  • Thumbnail for The Effect of Public Service Motivation on Board Member Commitment
    The Effect of Public Service Motivation on Board Member Commitment by Rubin, Brian

    While there is research demonstrating public service motivation’s relevance for board members, there is none that shows PSM’s impact on board member commitment. Board member commitment is becoming increasingly vital to maintain responsible governance of large nonprofit organizations. This article fills this the gap by analyzing whether levels of PSM and antecedents to membership influence a board member’s tenure at a single organization, as well as their number of hours committed per month to board and committee work. Despite two significant findings it can be concluded that a board member’s tenure and level of participation cannot be predicted based on parental socialization, religious activity and level of public service motivation, suggesting that there is not one prototypical “committed board member.”

  • Thumbnail for Fan painting - Calligraphy
    Fan painting - Calligraphy by Jinyu, called Shaofang

    Twelve double lines written in a running script followed by the date, dedication and title. Three pages from the Shan hai jing. Despite the specific date and clearly written name, the writer remains unidentified. There are, in a standard dictionary, three different men with the pen name of Shaofang famous for their calligraphy who lived in the nineteenth century. None can be positively identified with this artist. The title refers to an early classic work. The structure of the characters leaves a bit to be desired. The interaction of the smaller lines within the overall structure of the characters is not tight, and lines bend and twist with no relation to the whole.

  • Thumbnail for NHL All-stars and their effect on team wins
    NHL All-stars and their effect on team wins by Schultz, Stephen Francis

    Over the years studies have been documented to test whatever interests the human eye. Studies have been done on anything from economic trends to sports. This brings us to the testing of all stars in the National Hockey League. People may ask, well why is this paper important? Over the years studies have been compiled in the other major sports testing to see if all stars affect team wins but none have been done regarding the all stars in the National Hockey League. An all star player is defined as a player in a particular sport who has been selected for the All-star game. The purpose of this paper is to come to a conclusion, through regression analysis, if all stars in the National Hockey League have an effect on their team’s wins.

  • Thumbnail for Expensive decisions : how students choose their college majors in a changing economy
    Expensive decisions : how students choose their college majors in a changing economy by Putnam, Laura

    All undergraduate college students face the important decision of what major to graduate with. This important choice affects their future careers and current happiness while in college. A number of factors go into this decision-making practice, including ability, preferences, and demographic trends. This paper hypothesizes that students also care about the current state of the economy. The data used in this multinomial logit model comes from eleven years of data on Colorado College graduates. After analyzing the results at the division and major level, the hypothesis proved to be weak in the Colorado College population. Six out of twenty-eight majors significantly responded to the independent variable measuring the national unemployment rate, although none of the majors responded drastically. Overall, an increase in the unemployment rate led to more economics, mathematical economics, and environmental studies majors while a decrease led to more physics, religion and English majors.

  • Thumbnail for Assessing the probability of bank failure : a snapshot of banks regulated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation  from 1998–1999 and 2001–2002
    Assessing the probability of bank failure : a snapshot of banks regulated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation from 1998–1999 and 2001–2002 by Scherer, Madeline Delaney

    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was created in 1933. Today, the FDIC’s presence and monitoring ensures that banks are and remain solvent. Although the FDIC does everything in its power to prevent a bank from failing, bank failure can still occur, even in times of relative economic stability. Using a Probit regression analysis, this study assesses the probability of bank failure by looking at 102 different banks, eight different financial variables, and six geographic region variables during the time periods of 1998–1999 and 2001–2002. The geographic location variable is used to investigate if failures occur more often in certain regions of the country or in more urban or rural areas. In the end, none of the financial variables were statistically significant, whereas the regional geographic variables were. This suggests that during a period of relative economic stability, regional economic conditions affect bank failures more so than financial variables.

  • Thumbnail for 2018 GOP Tax Plan – Proposed Tuition Assistance Tax and Its Impact
    2018 GOP Tax Plan – Proposed Tuition Assistance Tax and Its Impact by Caron, Ian

    In early 2018, Republicans passed what was to be dubbed as the 2018 GOP tax plan. This plan, which is essentially a major tax overhaul, also proposed a variety of educational tax options. While none of the major education-related measures were passed, there was an interesting tuition assistance tax that would have significantly affected how dependents of faculty and staff pay for college. This paper aims at finding the financial “turning point” where a family would elect to use financial aid instead of a tuition assistance plan. I look at a variety of income levels across more than 20 selective private schools and find at what income level a family would elect for financial aid instead of tuition assistance. This plan would have deterred a vast majority families making less than $100,000 from taking tuition assistance, making college more inaccessible for children of lower-earning faculty and staff.

  • Thumbnail for Attendance in the National Basketball Association
    Attendance in the National Basketball Association by Taylor, Moses

    The National Basketball Association (NBA) is not only a sports entertainment industry, it is also a business. The main profit function for the NBA is the attendance rating. Studies have examined the details of how this powerful business survives, but none have explored the specific link between all-star players and the attendance rating. This study presents an attendance maximization model that attempts to determine if the presence of an all-star player increases the attendance rating. An Ordinary Least Squares regression model is used to identify the determinants of what different independent variables have on the attendance rating. Results indicate that the true variable to increase the attendance at NBA games is the amount a team wins during the season. Other variables that were found to be significant were the city population, the amount of gate revenue, how many championships a team has won, the real ticket price, and the arena age.

  • Thumbnail for Spatial vision in band-winged grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae)
    Spatial vision in band-winged grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae) by Duncan, Alexander

    Visual acuity, the ability to resolve fine spatial details, can vary dramatically between and within insect species. Body-size, sex, behavior, and ecological niche are all factors that may influence an insect’s acuity. Band-winged grasshoppers (Oedipodinae) are a subfamily of grasshoppers characterized by their colorfully patterned hindwings. Although researchers have anecdotally suggested that this color pattern may attract mates, few studies have examined the visual acuity of these animals, and none have examined its implications on intraspecific signaling. Here, we compare the visual acuity of three bandwing species: Dissosteira carolina, Arphia pseudonietana, and Spharagemon equale. To measure acuity in these species we used a modified radius of curvature estimation (RCE) technique. Visual acuity was significantly coarser 1) in males compared to females, 2) parallel to the horizon compared to the perpendicular, and 3) in S. equale compared to other bandwings. Unlike many insect families, body size within a species did not correlate with visual acuity. To examine the functional implications of these results, we modeled the appearance of different bandwing patterns to conspecifics. These results suggest that hind- wing patterning could only be used as a signal to conspecifics at short distances (<50cm). This study furthers the exploration of behavior and the evolution of visual systems in bandwings.

  • Thumbnail for Spatial vision in band-winged grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae)
    Spatial vision in band-winged grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae) by Duncan, Alexander Brett

    Visual acuity, the ability to resolve fine spatial details, can vary dramatically between and within insect species. Body-size, sex, behavior, and ecological niche are all factors that may influence an insect’s acuity. Band-winged grasshoppers (Oedipodinae) are a subfamily of grasshoppers characterized by their colorfully patterned hindwings. Although researchers have anecdotally suggested that this color pattern may attract mates, few studies have examined the visual acuity of these animals, and none have examined its implications on intraspecific signaling. Here, we compare the visual acuity of three bandwing species: Dissosteira carolina, Arphia pseudonietana, and Spharagemon equale. To measure acuity in these species we used a modified radius of curvature estimation (RCE) technique. Visual acuity was significantly coarser 1) in males compared to females, 2) parallel to the horizon compared to the perpendicular, and 3) in S. equale compared to other bandwings. Unlike many insect families, body size within a species did not correlate with visual acuity. To examine the functional implications of these results, we modeled the appearance of different bandwing patterns to conspecifics. These results suggest that hind- wing patterning could only be used as a signal to conspecifics at short distances (<50cm). This study furthers the exploration of behavior and the evolution of visual systems in bandwings.

  • Thumbnail for Fan painting - Calligraphy
    Fan painting - Calligraphy by Zhang Daqian (1899-1983)

    Fourteen uneven lines alternating between lines of five and lines of two characters, written in a regular-running script. The last line in slightly smaller characters contains the date and signature. From the signature, this is another work by the famous twentieth century artist Zhang Daqian. The signature here is very close to that on the other fan in the collection, and that one has the notation "man of Shu" or Sichuan, the province from which Daqian came. If this fan were to be by Daqian, it would be the latest dated work in the collection, by far. There were other artists with the pen name Daqian, but none of them were from Sichuan. Ultimately, it should be possible to compare this with other works by the artist done near that date to determine its authenticity. The calligraphic style immediately calls to mind the characters of the Song artist Huang Tingjian, who has always been an icon of the expressive possibilities of the brush. The long wavering terminations of strokes that extend beyond the normal bounds of the calligraphy were his trademark. If the date is correct, this would be the work of a younger Daqian, and one could critique the piece by noting that the expressive possibilities of Huang Tingjian's calligraphy are a bit overused here. This artist creates the long terminations whereever possible; Tingjian did it rarely, only for effect. The last line, "To wash one's ears it is not necessary to use the water from a Bodhisattva's spring" is interesting. The meaning, I would guess, is that ordinary water is as good for washing as that blessed by a deity.