This porphyroclastic thin section has a groundmass dominated by k-feldspar and zeolites, though other phases may be present in lesser amounts. The phenocrysts are euhedral augite and olivine, which are frequently found clustered together in glomeroporphyroclasts. The olivine is consistently rimmed by iddingsite and the augite frequently displays concentric zoning. Tiny crystals of equant apatite and rounded opaques thoroughly pepper the thin section.
This is a very hypidiomorphic coarse-grained sample consisting of large grains of augite, frequently intergrown with opaques, and intergrown k-feldspar and nephaline. Augite is found altering to biotite. Radiating splays of zeolite are present to varying degrees within the three copies of this thin section.
The bulk of this thin section is augite. In plane polarized light, these grains have pleochroic rims of differing composition, which translates to concentric zoning in cross-polarized light. Twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.
Subhedral biotite and uralitized augite crystals are the prominent mafic phases in this sample, though olivine is also present in lesser amounts and as an inclusion in one of the two other mafic phases. K-feldspar, zeolites, and apatite are the primary leucocratic constituents. There is a good deal of intergrowth between and alteration of minerals in this thin section.
The groundmass of this thin section is predominantly glass with a roughly-aligned mesh-work of plagioclase, much of which has been replaced by calcite. Pseudomorphism of euhedral plagioclase phenocrysts by calcite and serpentine is pervasive; calcite grains of variable crystallographic orientations preserve the Carlsbad and albite twins characteristic of plagioclase. Throughout the sample, ellipsoids of chalcedony-rimmed serpentine masses are common; the smallest and most spherical of these have only chalcedony. The largest, amoeboid vugs of this basalt are mantled first by a rim of chalcedony, and inwards of that, a rim of serpentine. The core of the vugs contain radiating masses of an unidentified zeolite.
Hypidiomorphic, inequigranular k-feldspar and plagioclase with large clasts of chlorite which are likely pseudomorphs of hornblende. Radiating splays of chlorite are distributed randomly throughout, in addition to radiating zeolites, though the latter are confined to void spaces.
Phenocrysts in this thin section are of augite, biotite, and opaques. Uralitization of augite is observed in one region of the sample and is absent elsewhere. One augite crystal appears dendritically intergrown with opaques. Nephaline, which is the dominant groundmass mineral, appears intergrown with another mineral though it is unclear which. These intergrowths are spherical in shape and observable at the macroscopic scale. Prismatic and radiating fibers of zeolites are found throughout. Apatite crystals span a great range of sizes with the longest crystals reaching more than a millimeter in length. Apatite crystals of a smaller size pervade the nephaline phase.
Though clinopyroxene and plagioclase were undoubtedly once more abundant in this gabbro, subsequent alteration has left radiating zeolites, a cloudy film of clays, and veinlets and pseudomorphs of iddingsite the dominant minerals in this thin section.