The fire service is rooted in gender roles; there is a long history of a machismo atmosphere, in which the recent addition of women disrupts. This study examined women firefighters experiences in a male dominated workplace. This study focused on 1) how women firefighters reach balanced assimilation, 2) how women interpret behaviors/practices as gendered, 3) how women reframe the embodiment of the male gaze, and 4) how women “do gender” on and off stage. Through a qualitative methods approach, I interviewed 19 women firefighters across the United States. Findings suggest that gender performances change based on the audience/stage. Additionally, I argue how women remain in a period of cultural assimilation, in which they act according to stereotypical behavior, in efforts to reach balanced assimilation.
The field of small-scale agriculture in the United States has become an outlet for women who growers to have a “place at the table” in a traditionally male dominated space. There has been research done regarding the ways in which agriculture has given women a space to nurture themselves, their passions, and their communities through food. The small-scale agriculture has also become a place for consumers to reconnect with their food production. The qualitative, ethnographic data was collected through participant observation and interviews at one agricultural site in northern Colorado. This research focused on the ways in women, at one agricultural site, who are growers, both seasonal and professionally, manage the traditionally male occupation, care work associated with increased face-to-face contact with customers, identity management, and physical markers of manual labor. The results of this research indicate that women working in agriculture are often forced to manage their identities as women who do manual labor as well has engage in care work. The care work took several forms and varied between seasonal farm workers and professional farmers. The results of this research also indicated that burnout was experienced by seasonal and professional farmers in different ways; emotional, physical, or a combination of both.