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115 hits

  • Thumbnail for 1059
    1059

    This sample consists of two distinct populations distinguished by size and composition. The groundmass of elongate subhedral crystals of plagioclase, orthopyroxene and opaques is interspersed with vesicles infilled with calcite. The calcite amygdules are rimmed with quartz and occasionally chlorite.

  • Thumbnail for ERB-02
    ERB-02

    This sample is a strongly mylonitized pelitic schist with a continuous schistoscity defined by strongly alligned biotite, fibrous sillimanite, and opaques and interspersed with discontinuous quartz and k-feldspar ribbons. K-feldspar is strongly sericitized. The sense of shear is ambiguous.

  • Thumbnail for 884
    884

    The flame lamellae that pervade this thin section are cut thicker than ususal and thus display first order yellows and oranges, though the tartan twinning of the microcline retains the ususal first order grey birefringence. Grain boundaries between feldspars are lined with smaller feldspar grains, which gives the larger grains a scalloped appearance. The hornblende grains are highly irregular in shape and contain many inclusions of feldspar, opaques, biotite, and other unidentifiable phases.

  • Thumbnail for 878
    878

    Grain shapes in this thin section are consistantly anhedral. Weathering of the feldspars give them a dusty appearance. Because the thin section is cut too thick, the birefringence of quartz and some k-feldspars is as high as second order blues. Mnay hornblende crystals are nearly opaque and they are frequently found surrounding and likely replacing inclusions of pyroxene (perhaps). The biotite and hornblende are rather skeletal. Euhedral sphene and apatite are occasionally scattered throughout.

  • Thumbnail for 874
    874

    This thin section is divided in half diagonally by texture and grain size. The fine-grained side consists of roughly equigranular quartz, microcline, albite, biotite, and riebeckite. More quartzofeldspathic-rich portions have sutured grain boundaries whereas in more mafic patches the grains are typically equant and subhedral. The mineral phases in the coarse-grained half of the thin section are the same though the grain size increases several fold and clear grain boundaries are rarer.

  • Thumbnail for 18-9
    18-9

    The layering in this fine-grained amphibolites is defined by bands of amphibole alternating with granoblastic quartzofeldspathic layers. Granular aggregates of epidote are dispersed randomly throughout the rock. Fractures cross-cutting and off-setting the layering are more visible with the naked eye then under the microscope, though one fracture (with no offset) is filled with a seam of epidote. A couple of porphyroclastic and poikiloblastic chlorite grains are clearly truncated by the fractures.

  • Thumbnail for 544
    544

    Although the bulk of this thin section has an aplitic texture of quartz and feldspar, several larger feldspar phenocrysts punctuate the mosaic texture of the smaller population of quartzofeldspathic phases. Biotite is sparse and where present, skeletal in shape.

  • Thumbnail for BB2
    BB2

    This hypidiomorphic, equigranular monazite has a classic granitic texture with a mosaic of grains all crystallizing simultaneously and impinging on one another's growth. Hornblende is particularly abundant and generally in contact with some combination of biotite, chlorite, and opaques. Some plagioclase grains are concentrically zoned.

  • Thumbnail for BB30
    BB30

    The phenocrysts in this porphyritic granite are inclusion-rich, clay-altered, subhedral plagioclase blocks that do not appear to be in equilibrium with the surrounding groundmass. The groundmass is a mottled smattering of quartzofeldspathic minerals that have no discernable crystal habit. Amidst the background blur of first-order whites and grays are petrographically messy clusters of chlorite, hornblende, and iddingsite, with growth of chlorite and iddingsite at the expense of hornblende. Large, prismatic and hexagonal apatite crystals are readily apparent in this thin section. A few prismatic crystals of monazite, zircon, or xenotime are present (though difficult to definitively identify).

  • Thumbnail for BB10
    BB10

    The groundmass of this thin section contains a combination of glass and indiscernible crystals. It is densely populated by phenocrysts of a wide range of sizes and composition, which due to their angularity, lend a very fragmental texture to the rock. The quartzofeldspathic phases span a broad range of sizes, though the largest phenocrysts are all brittley-fractured and may be strongly embayed. No reaction rims are present in this sample. Biotite grains do not get as large as the quartzofeldspathic phases and display varying degrees of 'freshness.'

  • Thumbnail for BB7
    BB7

    The groundmass of this thin section contains a combination of glass and indiscernible crystals. It is densely populated by phenocrysts of a wide range of sizes and composition, which due to their angularity, lend a very fragmental texture to the rock. The quartzofeldspathic phases span a broad range of sizes, though the largest phenocrysts are all brittley-fractured and may be strongly embayed. No reaction rims are present in this sample. Biotite grains do not get as large as the quartzofeldspathic phases and display varying degrees of 'freshness.'

  • Thumbnail for 15-1
    15-1

    The k-feldspar in this thin section is unaltered and displays albite and tartan twins and beautiful flame lamellae. The grain boundaries between feldspars are often sutured. Interstitial calcite is present. Anhedral and altered hornblende, clinopyroxene, and biotite are distributed randomly throughout.

  • Thumbnail for BB28
    BB28

    The most noteworthy feature in this thin section is the micrographic intergrowth between quartz and k-feldspar that pervades the rock. The k-feldspar is dirty in appearance due to alteration to clay. Biotite, which is interfingered with chlorite, is subhedral to anhedral and riddled with inclusions.

  • Thumbnail for 485
    485

    The k-feldspars in this granite have prominent perthitic intergrowths, which overprint obvious tartan and Carlsbad twins. Feldspars growth is more euhedral than that of other phases, though grain boundaries between feldspars are rather sutured. Anhedral riebeckite and biotite have seive-like textures. Olivine, if present, is found in trace amounts.

  • Thumbnail for KBR9
    KBR9

    Plagioclase and clinopyroxene form subhedral and anhedral grains, respectively, though unlike the other ferrotholeiites in this suite, both are cross-cut by or being pseudomorphed by iddingsite, a very dominant mineral in this thin section. Interstitial, undeformed quartz is found in the groundmass and inclusions of apatite crystals lend an almost graphic texture to this phase. Described by Western Minerals Inc. as an 'interstitial ferrotholeiite, very highly fractionated…textures are similar to those associated with rapidly frozen or highly viscous melts.'

  • Thumbnail for SC-11
    SC-11

    Phenocrysts in this thin section are subhedral k-feldspar with strong Carlsbad twins, subhedral plagioclase, anhedral, granular quartz aggregates, and skeletal biotite with granular hematite rims. The groundmass is a granular, amorphous quartzofeldspathic mixture.

  • Thumbnail for SC-14
    SC-14

    But for the anhedral quartz microphenocryss in this vesicular rhyolite, the rest is a clay-altered glass.

  • Thumbnail for Quartz A-E
    Quartz A-E

    This thin section consists of two quartz crystals, one of which is oriented perpendicular to the optic axis and provides a perfect crystal with which to obtain an interference figure.

  • Thumbnail for 44-4207 relief-scale
    44-4207 relief-scale

    These six minerals are mounted on one slide to show comparative relief.

  • Thumbnail for quartzite A-E
    quartzite A-E

    A seriate-interlobate texture defines this quartzite. Grain boundary migration is evident from thickened and lobate grain boudaries. Subgrain walls are prevalent, as is undulose extinction. Recrystallization textures are present in portions of the thin section. Useful for finding interference figures

  • Thumbnail for LS-04a
    LS-04a

    Poorly-sorted, angular, clast-supported, arkosic conglomerate with large clasts of deformed quartz and microcline. Many feldspar grains are altering to clays. Deformed micas are interspersed throughout. Perthite and scotch-plaid twins are extensive. The cement is comprised of microcrystalline quartz and locally, calcite.

  • Thumbnail for 23-6K
    23-6K

    A foliation defined by aligned hornblende is cross-cut by a seam running from the upper-left to lower-right of the thin section. The seam is coarse-grained and unfoliated with a quartzofeldspathic margin and grains of resorbed, subhedral clinopyroxene in the middle.

  • Thumbnail for BB19
    BB19

    This hypocrystalline thin section contains a trachytic groundmass of plagioclase laths, biotite needles, elongate strings of quartz, and serpentine pseudomorphs. The phenocrystic population consists of rounded quartz grains, often with a calcite rim, and concentrically-zoned, euhedral to subhedral plagioclase blocks. The plagioclase is being replaced in places by calcite, which is also found in fractures within the sample.

  • Thumbnail for BB18
    BB18

    This fine-grained granite contains abundant feldspars, many of which display concentric zoning from plagioclase cores to k-feldspar rims. Biotite grains are altering to and interfingered with chlorite. Rounded hornblende crystals are rare in this sample.

  • Thumbnail for A-6-7
    A-6-7

    A continuous foliation for this sample is defined by aligned hornblende, micas, elongate quartz grains and granular aggregates of epidote and clinozoisite. Quartz is either equant or elongate with a granular texture. The hornblende phase is generally subhedral in shape, as are biotite crystals, which appear to be pseudomorphing an earlier mineral phase as evidenced by abundant inclusions. Radiation halos can be found in this sample though their occurrance is rare.