NOTICE: DigitalCC is down for emergency maintenance. Please contact Cate Guenther, Digital Scholarship and Repository Librarian, (719)389-6875 for assistance.

121 hits

  • Thumbnail for ERB-09a

    Grain boundaries between the quartz and feldspar phases in this sample are consistently lobate, often with finer-grained subgrains rimming each crystal. Quartz in undulatory. The mica phases are subhedral and often resorbed, with kink bands causing undulose extinction along the length of the grain. Along one edge of the thin section is a seam dominated by clinozoisite. A hematite stain gives a dusty orange appearance to the feldspars and fractures within the sample contain higher concentrations of the phase.

  • Thumbnail for 1059

    This sample consists of two distinct populations distinguished by size and composition. The groundmass of elongate subhedral crystals of plagioclase, orthopyroxene and opaques is interspersed with vesicles infilled with calcite. The calcite amygdules are rimmed with quartz and occasionally chlorite.

  • Thumbnail for 21-1B

    The foliation in this sample is due in part to aligned hornblende crystals and also to a slight compositional layering. The hornblende grains concentrate in layers of larger grains, with smaller, less abundant layers dominated more by granoblastic quartzofeldspathic phases. Lenticular layers of inclusions within the quartzofeldspathic layers lend a cloudy appearance to portion of the rock. Larger grains of epidote are evident by their classic yellowy-green pleochroism. Small, rounded, colorless titanite crystals are found throughout.

  • Thumbnail for unknown-71

    Unaligned, prismatic crystals of schorl, with strongly mauve to indigo pleochroism and concentric compositional zoning are scattered throughout the sample. Basal sections remain a deep blue regardless of rotation of the stage. A corona of clear tourmaline (perhaps) rims most grains. The tourmaline are found in a sericitized feldspars.

  • Thumbnail for BB14

    Phenocrysts of resorbed plagioclase and k-feldspar give this otherwise glassy rock its porphyritic texture. A couple of resorbed pyroxene phenocrysts are present. Aligned needles of an opaque phase give the glassy groundmass a trachytic texture.

  • Thumbnail for BB5

    The groundmass of this thin section is predominantly glass with a roughly-aligned mesh-work of plagioclase, much of which has been replaced by calcite. Pseudomorphism of euhedral plagioclase phenocrysts by calcite and serpentine is pervasive; calcite grains of variable crystallographic orientations preserve the Carlsbad and albite twins characteristic of plagioclase. Throughout the sample, ellipsoids of chalcedony-rimmed serpentine masses are common; the smallest and most spherical of these have only chalcedony. The largest, amoeboid vugs of this basalt are mantled first by a rim of chalcedony, and inwards of that, a rim of serpentine. The core of the vugs contain radiating masses of an unidentified zeolite.

  • Thumbnail for BB12

    This medium-grained phaneritic rock contains an equal ratio of plagioclase to clinopyroxene grains. Much of the plagioclase is strongly sericitized and several grains are concentrically-zoned. The clinopyroxenes are frequently twinned, heavily-fractured, riddled with inclusions, and show low degrees of alteration to chlorite and serpentine. The pyroxene cleavage is prominent in this sample. Chlorite, serpentine, iddingsite, biotite, and opaques tend to cluster in randomly oriented mats, where chlorite and serpentine growth are often at the expense of biotite.

  • Thumbnail for BB31

    This sample has a granitic texture and contains roughly equal amounts of both feldspar phases. The k-feldspars are more sericitized than the plagioclase grains, many of which are concentrically zoned. The hornblende grains are anhedral and a times, form almost granular aggregates of equant grains. Hornblende is altering to chlorite, which also interfingers with the relatively subhedral biotite phase. Apatite and epidote are present in trace amounts.

  • Thumbnail for BB13

    In thin section, this flow-banded aphanitic rock displays a few fractured and embayed plagioclase and clinopyroxene phenocrysts in a groundmass dominated by aligned microlites of the same two phases. One or two phenocrysts of orthoclase are also present. The microlites define a trachytic texture, which is observable in handsample as flow bands.

  • Thumbnail for BB9

    This medium-grained allotriomorphic diorite is dominated by plagioclase, much of which is concentrically zoned and larger in size than most other phases in the sample. Clusters of the ferromagnesian phases appear to be pseudomorphing a previous, rectangular, phenocrystic phase.

  • Thumbnail for SC-16

    The groundmass in this thin section is a salt-n-pepper mixture of fine-grained, amorphous quartzofeldspathic phases. All phenocryts are subhedral in shape, and the largest of these, the k-feldspar and plagioclase are host to abundant hematite-filled fractures. Biotite and hornblende phenocrysts are much smaller. A few spherulites, seen more clearly in plane than cross polarized light, are found in the groundmass.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-8

    The groundmass of this porphyritic basalt is comprised chiefly of glass, plagioclase, and clinopyroxene, in decreasing proportions respectively. Some plagioclase phenocrysts have sieve textures, some inclusions of glass blebs, others are concentrically zoned, and still more are relatively fresh. Clinopyroxene phenocrysts frequently form glomeroporphyroclasts, sometimes with olivine; several grains have coronas of differing composition growing around them. Both olivine and clinopyroxene are heavily fractured and irregularly shaped.

  • Thumbnail for KBR8

    Plagioclase and clinopyroxene form subhedral, unaltered grains amongst a background of finer-grained, intermingled iddingsite and zeolites. Iddingsite may be a pseudomorph after biotite. Described by Western Minerals Inc. as an 'interstitial ferrotholeiite, very highly fractionated…textures are similar to those associated with rapidly frozen or highly viscous melts.'

  • Thumbnail for Bm

    The outer rim of this bomb is glassy with vesicles and augite and olivine phenocrysts. Small, widely dispersed plagioclase microlites are also present. The core of the bomb contains a porous aggregate of fragmental quartz held together by glass.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-9

    The crystals in this thin section look somewhat out of equilibrium with the melt. The groundmass is microcrystalline and riddled with plagioclase and pyroxenes, as well as glass. Crystals of the phenocryst population are generally subhedral, with rounded corners and irregular twins. The pyroxenes are frequently rimmed by pyroxenes of differing composition. Plagioclase phenocrysts are of differing generations; the first has cloudy, inclusion-rich cores with fresh rims and the second lacks this core. Both may be concentrically zoned. The pyroxenes in particular tend to cluster in glomeroporphyroclasts. The occasional granular aggregate of calcite can be observed in this sample.

  • Thumbnail for SC-13

    The least altered phase in this thin section is plagioclase, which forms roughly aligned, variably sized laths that make up both the groundmass, which is dominantly glass, and the phenocryst population. A second phenocryst, clinopyroxene, remains only as inclusions in the calcite pseudomorphs that replaced it. Vesicles, clays, and hematite pseudomorphs are abundant in this thin section.

  • Thumbnail for KBR2

    The dominant texture in this gabbro is an ophitic intergrowth of equant plagioclase laths within larger, subhedral, clinopyroxene grains. Alteration of some phases to chlorite, talc and iddingsite is localized and occurs more in non-ophitic sections of the rock.

  • Thumbnail for 59-K-91

    This vesicular basalt contains microphenocrysts of olivine and orthopyroxene, both of which are also lesser components of the groundmass which consists mainly of uniformly-sized plagioclase laths. The olivine phenocryst have weak reaction rims. Some plagioclase is zoned and sieved.

  • Thumbnail for 6

    The three essential felsic species occur in two sizes. The larger plaioclases are euhedral and zoned and are pheocrysts, in places glomeroporphritic. A few large subhedral kaolinized orthoclase grains are present as are large quartz anhedra. These are set in a poorly defined groundmass of variable grained quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase, biotite, and hornblende. Of these the mafics are subhedral, the plagioclase is euhedral, and the others anhedral. Hornblende, more strongly altered than biotite, is variably colored in pale green, bluish green and buff. It is replaced by chlorite and epidote. Accessories are magnetite, apatite, sphene and zircon.

  • Thumbnail for BB3

    Large, euhedral to subhedral plagioclase blocks are in far greater abundance than either k-feldspar or quartz, both of which are anhedral in shape. All the ferromagnesian phases are anhedral in shape and tend to cluster together. Hornblende growth is at the expense of clinopyroxene. Opaques cluster with the ferromagnesian phases. Quartz displays first-order yellows in this slightly thickened sample.

  • Thumbnail for CF1A

    The olivine phenocrysts in this vesicular basalt are unaltered, in contrast to the second phenocrystic phase, plagioclase, which has a speckled, mottled alteration texture encroaching concentrically inwards from the grain boundaries. Only the cores and a thin corona of plagioclase on the outermost edges of the phenocrysts remains unaltered by this opaque phase. The glassy groundmass contains of unoriented plagioclase microlites and tiny olivine crystals. Olivine phenocrysts are larger and more abundant in CF1A than CF1B. The plucking in this sample is extensive, thus olivine phenocrysts are quite incomplete.

  • Thumbnail for ERD1A

    This coarse-grained dacite has a granitic texture of hypidiomorphic inequigranular plagioclase, hornblende, and augite. Secondary zeolites and calcite are found randomly throughout. This thin section is both too thick and plucking is disruptive of many hornblende grains.

  • Thumbnail for B2

    The outer rim phenocrysts of augite and olivine, though the red stain, which concentrates in the glass and olivine phases, obscures the characteristic birefringence of the olivine. Plagioclase microlites are present in the glass and calcite has infilled some pore spaces. The core of this bomb appears to be hematite and glass cemented tiny quartz crystals.

  • Thumbnail for Bs

    The outer rim of this bomb is glassy with vesicles and augite and olivine phenocrysts. Small, widely dispersed plagioclase microlites are also present. The core of the bomb contains a porous aggregate of fragmental quartz held together by glass.

  • Thumbnail for ERD9

    Two minerals, olivine and augite, comprise the phenocrystic population. Olivine is larger and more abundant. Both are present in the glassy groundmass, along with trace plagioclase laths, and abundant opaques.