Microscopically mainly cryptocrystalline and merely translucent in shades of gray-brown. Subordinate silty quartz grains, feldspar pieces, sericite flakes, calcite rhombs, and a few particles of pyrite, zircon, magnetite and leucoxene. The dark matrix is composed mainly of illitic clay material.
This hypidiomorphic inequigranular granite has rather scalloped grain boundaries, particularly among the quartzofeldspathic phases, though the biotite grains exhibit similar textures with the feldspars. One anhedral biotite grain has bulbs protruding into the neighboring k-feldspar grain. Quartz extinction is uniform. Olivine is present in trace amounts and the highly-fractured phase is typically surrounded by a thick rim of iddingsite.
This two-pyroxene, hornblende-bearing gabbro is highly fractured and has a much finer-grained population of pyroxenes growing in the interstices between larger pyroxene grains. A thin band of finer-grained pyroxne and plagioclase cross-cuts the sample.
This gabbro is altered to the point of being nearly unrecongnizable. All primary phases are obsecured secondary mineralization. Clays have replaced the plagioclase grains and mats of chlorite and iddingsite, with some minor biotite are found clustered around the euhedral opaques. Overprinting all of this are euhderal apatite grains that range up to nearly a centimeter in length.
The subhedral hornblende crystals in the sample align with the micas to form a spaced foliation separating microlithons of plagioclase and quartz. Equant subhedral epidote crystals punctuate the rock. Biotite and chlorite are typically interfingered and chlorite display anomalous blue interference colors. Elongate granular aggregates of light brown to colorless titanite are present.
Although stored with a series of amphibolites, this hornblende-bearing granodiorite preserves more igneous textures than metamorphic. This hypidoimorphic sample consists of equigranular feldspars, randomly oriented, euhedral biotites, and rather anhedral hornblendes grains. Small, rounded, colorless but dusty crystals of titanite are distrubuted throughout the specimen.
Strongly aligned hornblende grains define a continuous foliaiton in this thin section. Interspersed among these grains are polygonal quartz and fine-grained aggregates of clinozoisite and anhedral muscovite.
This thin section contains two main zones. One half contains subhedral grains of k-feldspar, quartz, orthopyroxene, biotite and opaques. Kink bands, deformation twins, and core-mantle structures (fine-grained felspar rimming the older grain) in the the feldspars show evidence of strain accomodation. Aggregates of finer-grained serieate-lobate quartz grains with thickened grain boundaries and uniform extinction show evidence of grain boundary migration. Larger quartz grains with undulose extinction and deformation lamellae also indicate strain accomodation. The opaque mineral(s) have rounded, anhedral grain shapes and tend to cluster with biotite and orthopyroxene. Biotite is subhedral, with kink bands and undulose extinction; it is generally found in the intersticies between grains, most commonly adjacent to orthopyroxene grains. Orthopyroxene is subhedral and occasionally embayed. The other half of the thin section is dominated by two porphyroclasts of feldspar. This portion of the thin section abounds with symplectic intergrowths of quartz and feldspar as well as much subgrain development in both mineral. Growing normal to the rims of opaques and biotite grains is a poplulation of acicular aluminosilicate.
This coarse-grained sample is dominated by subhedral to anhedral k-feldpsar and subhedral garnet, with pockets of quartz aggregates clustering near the feldspar grains and less abundant biotite and orthopyroxene grouped with the garnet phase. Symplectic growth concentrates along boundaries between garnet and k-feldspar. Contacts between garnet are typically host to a mixture of chlorite and biotite. The orthopyroxene grains are strongly fractured and embayed.
The micas in this hypocrystalline rhyolite form euhedral needles and are generally aligned. Phenocrysts of plagioclase have been replaced by calcite and chalcedony. The groundmass of glass contains indiscernible crystals. This thin section is strongly altered and due to the fine grain size, difficult to identify minerals in.
Grain boundaries between the anhedral quartz and k-feldspar grains in this sample are framed with myrmekitic intergrowths. These intergrowths even appear in plane polarized light due to the high degree of feldspar alteration to clay. The mica phases are sparsely distributed and small in size.
The groundmass of this thin section contains a combination of glass and indiscernible crystals. It is densely populated by phenocrysts of a wide range of sizes and composition, which due to their angularity, lend a very fragmental texture to the rock. The quartzofeldspathic phases span a broad range of sizes, though the largest phenocrysts are all brittley-fractured and may be strongly embayed. No reaction rims are present in this sample. Biotite grains do not get as large as the quartzofeldspathic phases and display varying degrees of 'freshness.'
This strongly foliated amphibolite shows evidence of mimetic growth of k-feldspar into elongate crystals due to restriction of a preexisting fabric defined by amphibole and micas. The dominant mica phase, chlorite, has anhedral (almost skeletal) grain shapes. Hornblende is the same. Both phases are highly embayed. Several hornblende grains contain euhedral feldspar 'inclusions' and the classic amphibole grain shape is lost along its margins due to encroaching feldspar grains. Chlorite tends to be associated with elongate epidote crystals or granular aggregates. Dusty fracture zones trace across the fabric of this sample and are filled with cataclastic breccia and glass. Euhedral apatite and small, rounded to larger, anhedral titanite grains are dispersed throughout the thin section, typically oriented with the foliation.
This hypocrystalline thin section contains a trachytic groundmass of plagioclase laths, biotite needles, elongate strings of quartz, and serpentine pseudomorphs. The phenocrystic population consists of rounded quartz grains, often with a calcite rim, and concentrically-zoned, euhedral to subhedral plagioclase blocks. The plagioclase is being replaced in places by calcite, which is also found in fractures within the sample.
The olivine phenocrysts in this vesicular basalt are unaltered, in contrast to the second phenocrystic phase, plagioclase, which has a speckled, mottled alteration texture encroaching concentrically inwards from the grain boundaries. Only the cores and a thin corona of plagioclase on the outermost edges of the phenocrysts remains unaltered by this opaque phase. The glassy groundmass contains of unoriented plagioclase microlites and tiny olivine crystals. Olivine phenocrysts are larger and more abundant in CF1A than CF1B. The plucking in this sample is extensive, thus olivine phenocrysts are quite incomplete.
This coarse-grained ophitic norite contains intergrown plagioclase and orthopyroxene. Chlorite alteration of pyroxene is pervasive.
In thin section, this flow-banded aphanitic rock displays a few fractured and embayed plagioclase and clinopyroxene phenocrysts in a groundmass dominated by aligned microlites of the same two phases. One or two phenocrysts of orthoclase are also present. The microlites define a trachytic texture, which is observable in handsample as flow bands.
The k-feldspars in this granite have prominent perthitic intergrowths, which overprint obvious tartan and Carlsbad twins. Feldspars growth is more euhedral than that of other phases, though grain boundaries between feldspars are rather sutured. Anhedral riebeckite and biotite have seive-like textures. Olivine, if present, is found in trace amounts.
The grain size of plagioclase laths in this porphyritic basalt ranges continuously from the groundmass microlites to milimetric phenocrysts. Glass and sparse equant pyroxenes comprise the remainder of the groundmass. Clinopyroxene phenocrysts are patchy due to plucking.
Like KRB10, plagioclase and clinopyroxene are intergrown in an almost graphic texture, though where KRB10 was dominated by the unknown mineral, in KRB11, that unknown mineral is confined to spherulite-like clusters in a fine-grained quartz matrix. Iddingsite alteration is much less extensive. Western Minerals Inc. as an 'interstitial ferrotholeiite, very highly fractionatedâ€¦textures are similar to those associated with rapidly frozen or highly viscous melts.'
This fine-grained, hypidiomorphic, inequigranular plutonic rock is intermediate in composition, with plagioclase as the dominant feldspar. K-feldspar is present in much lower abundance, and quartz is scarce. Mafic phases include anhedral biotite and hornblende, the latter of which is strongly chloritized.
Two minerals, olivine and augite, comprise the phenocrystic population. Olivine is larger and more abundant. Both are present in the glassy groundmass, along with trace plagioclase laths, and abundant opaques.
The groundmass of this microporphyritic basalt consists of glass and plagioclase microlites. Subhedral plagioclase phenocrysts are roughly aligned and some are concentrically zoned. Subhedral, plucked, clinopyroxene phenocrysts of variable size are less abundant than those of plagioclase.
Described by Western Minerals Inc. as 'porphyroblastic metasediments/hybrid rocks, interpreted by Eales and his coworkers as metamorphosed 'Red Beds' Formation sediments but conceivably magmatic in origin. The specimens illustrate the range in textures and compositions.' If so, textures in this sample, though difficult to describe, better resemble those of igneous than sedimentary rocks. This sample is jumbled mess of bladed, graphically intergrown k-feldspar and clinopyroxene, subhedral plagioclase altering to a dendritic, cloudy mineral, patches of anhedral, granular quartz, and elongate, poikilitic opaques.
The unknown mineral is the prominent mineral in this thin section. It forms a dusty brown, isotropic matrix with a faint dendritic texture in which subhedral clinopyroxene and plagioclase grains are set. Clinopyroxene, where isolated, is strongly altered to iddingsite. The degree of alteration is much lower where plagioclase and clinopyroxene grains are intergrown. The two minerals have an almost graphic intergrowth texture. Western Minerals Inc. as an 'interstitial ferrotholeiite, very highly fractionatedâ€¦textures are similar to those associated with rapidly frozen or highly viscous melts.'