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53 hits

  • Thumbnail for SS-3674-4
    SS-3674-4

    The groundmass of this thin section comprises an intergrowth of k-feldspar and nephaline, as well as small euhedral diopsidic-augite crystals, biotite, and apatite. The phenocrystic phases are dominated by augite, many with partial rims of more diopsidic composition, and which are frequently zoned and twinned. Olivine is present adjacent to the pyroxenes and is commonly altered to biotite.

  • Thumbnail for SS-3674-3
    SS-3674-3

    The largest crystals in this sample are augite, in which twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.

  • Thumbnail for SS-5
    SS-5

    Biotite and olivine dominate this sample. The olivine is frequently twinned and highly fractured. In the interstices between olivine grains grows large, anhedral biotite grains. Both phases have a sieve-like, pock-marked appearance. Rutile and opaques, all equant in shape, are plentiful.

  • Thumbnail for B[m+s]
    B[m+s]

    The outer rim of this bomb is glassy with vesicles and augite and olivine phenocrysts. Small, widely dispersed plagioclase microlites are also present. The core of the bomb contains a porous aggregate of fragmental quartz held together by glass.

  • Thumbnail for PS-3c-dun
    PS-3c-dun

    Strongly serpentinized dunite. Only 5-10% olivine remains. The characteristic serpentine mesh-work texture is highly evident in this thin section.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-18
    JPN-18

    The largest crystals in this sample, visible in handsample, are clinopyroxene, much of which has strong exsolution lamellae. Much smaller are the olivine crystals, which have subsequently been broken into a serpentine-framed mosaic of optically-continuous fragments.

  • Thumbnail for BATUR 1918
    BATUR 1918

    Subhedral phenocrysts of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and olivine are scattered randomly throughout this basalt. Plagioclase has a sieve texture and is frequently zoned. The corners of most grains are rounded. Both clinopyroxene and olivine are generally equant in shape and olivine is more abundant than the pyroxene. All three phases show some degree of resorption. The groundmass contains moderately-sized crystals of all three phases. This sample is very fresh and unaltered.

  • Thumbnail for BATUR 94 CR
    BATUR 94 CR

    Sieve textured plagioclase blocks and laths dominate the phenocrystic population in this microporphyritic vesicular basalt. Clinopyroxene phenocrysts are less abundant and olivine less abundant still. All three phases are found in the groundmass. Groundmass clinopyroxene and olivine are more abundant than in BATUR 94 FL.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-20
    JPN-20

    Interpenetrating zones of optically-continuous, pebbly-textured olivine, fibrous serpentine, and radiating talc. This thin section has interfingered scaly and fibrous textures.

  • Thumbnail for SS-3674-1
    SS-3674-1

    Subhedral biotite and uralitized augite crystals are the prominent mafic phases in this sample, though olivine is also present in lesser amounts and as an inclusion in one of the two other mafic phases. K-feldspar, zeolites, and apatite are the primary leucocratic constituents. There is a good deal of intergrowth between and alteration of minerals in this thin section.

  • Thumbnail for SS-3674-2
    SS-3674-2

    The bulk of this thin section is augite. In plane polarized light, these grains have pleochroic rims of differing composition, which translates to concentric zoning in cross-polarized light. Twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.

  • Thumbnail for SG1A
    SG1A

    Plagioclase laths of varying sizes and orientations represent the bulk of this thin section. Augite is present, though in noticeably smaller quantities and olivine only in trace amounts. Tiny opaques pervade the sample.

  • Thumbnail for SG2A
    SG2A

    Plagioclase microlites and small rounded crystals of augite and olivine define this thin section. The interstices between crystals are filled with reddish-brown glass.

  • Thumbnail for SW6
    SW6

    Large, anhedral, interlocking crystals of olivine and clinopyroxene are found in this coarse-grained rock. Olivine alteration to iddinsite is confined to fractures which pervade the rock and cross-cut both mineral phases. Perthitic pyroxene intergrowths are observed. A contact between an ore-rich, opaque zone and the peridotite is preserved in the thin section.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-13
    JPN-13

    As is characteristic of a harzburgite, this sample is greater than 90% olivine, with a few large clinopyroxene grains, fracture-infilled serpentine, and occasional, moderately-sized rutile grains making up the remaining constituents of the rock. Serpentinization is minimal.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-19
    JPN-19

    Most of this thin section is serpentine. Scattered throughout are optically-continuous, serpentine-framed fragments of olivine and somewhat larger, texturally-similar orthopyroxene fragments.

  • Thumbnail for 57-K-91
    57-K-91

    This vesicular basalt contains microphenocrysts of olivine and orthopyroxene, both of which are also lesser components of the groundmass which consists mainly of uniformly-sized plagioclase laths. The olivine phenocryst have weak reaction rims. Some plagioclase is zoned and sieved.

  • Thumbnail for JPN-15
    JPN-15

    This inequigranular mosaic of pyroxenes and olivine is highly fractured. Subparallel swarms of high-density fractures are visible throughout and contain the highest concentrations of serpentine. The infilled minerals of one conspicuous vein have a nice comb texture.

  • Thumbnail for 59-K-91
    59-K-91

    This vesicular basalt contains microphenocrysts of olivine and orthopyroxene, both of which are also lesser components of the groundmass which consists mainly of uniformly-sized plagioclase laths. The olivine phenocryst have weak reaction rims. Some plagioclase is zoned and sieved.

  • Thumbnail for 867
    867

    This mineral phases in this gabbro are highly fractured and frequently embayed. The pyroxenes are roughly euhedral in shape and several equant grains are twinned. The opaques in this sample are typically equant in shape and contain inclusions of olivine or a fiery orange-red mineral that appears the same in plane- and cross-polarized light.

  • Thumbnail for dunite
    dunite

    Granular olivine crystals with virtually no alteration and few fractures. Great for obtaining interference figures.

  • Thumbnail for 483
    483

    The k-feldspars in this granite have prominent perthitic intergrowths, which overprint obvious tartan and Carlsbad twins. Feldspars growth is more euhedral than that of quartz or biotite. A single, tiny, fractured olivine crystal is present along the margin of the thin section.

  • Thumbnail for 484
    484

    Perthitic intergrowths of k-feldspar and albite are prevalent throughout this coarse-grained, nearly allotriomorphic granite. Riebeckite and biotite are found intergrown together in anhedral masses. The rare tiny, equant olivine crystal is observable.

  • Thumbnail for CM2A
    CM2A

    Augite and olivine are the two predominant crystalline phases in this vesicular basalt and define a microporphyritic fabric. Iddingsite replacement of olivine is minimal. As smaller crystals, both phases, along with opaques, a feldspar, and glass, comprise the groundmass.

  • Thumbnail for CM3
    CM3

    Augite and olivine are the two crystalline phases in this 'cloudy' vesicular basalt. Iddingsite replacement of olivine is almost comprehensive; commonly, iddingsite nodes are the only indication of olivine's presence. The groundmass is microcrystalline and altered enough as to be unidentifiable.