Grain boundaries between the quartz and feldspar phases in this sample are consistently lobate, often with finer-grained subgrains rimming each crystal. Quartz in undulatory. The mica phases are subhedral and often resorbed, with kink bands causing undulose extinction along the length of the grain. Along one edge of the thin section is a seam dominated by clinozoisite. A hematite stain gives a dusty orange appearance to the feldspars and fractures within the sample contain higher concentrations of the phase.
The foliation in this coarse-grained rock is the result of compositional layering; discontinuous hornblende-rich zones separate poikiloblastic plagioclase-rich regions. Albite and Carlsbad twins in the feldspars are almost entirely obscured by randomly-oriented inclusions of sericite.
The layering in this fine-grained amphibolites is defined by bands of amphibole alternating with granoblastic quartzofeldspathic layers. Granular aggregates of epidote are dispersed randomly throughout the rock. Fractures cross-cutting and off-setting the layering are more visible with the naked eye then under the microscope, though one fracture (with no offset) is filled with a seam of epidote. A couple of porphyroclastic and poikiloblastic chlorite grains are clearly truncated by the fractures.
This thin section contains two main zones. One half contains subhedral grains of k-feldspar, quartz, orthopyroxene, biotite and opaques. Kink bands, deformation twins, and core-mantle structures (fine-grained felspar rimming the older grain) in the the feldspars show evidence of strain accomodation. Aggregates of finer-grained serieate-lobate quartz grains with thickened grain boundaries and uniform extinction show evidence of grain boundary migration. Larger quartz grains with undulose extinction and deformation lamellae also indicate strain accomodation. The opaque mineral(s) have rounded, anhedral grain shapes and tend to cluster with biotite and orthopyroxene. Biotite is subhedral, with kink bands and undulose extinction; it is generally found in the intersticies between grains, most commonly adjacent to orthopyroxene grains. Orthopyroxene is subhedral and occasionally embayed. The other half of the thin section is dominated by two porphyroclasts of feldspar. This portion of the thin section abounds with symplectic intergrowths of quartz and feldspar as well as much subgrain development in both mineral. Growing normal to the rims of opaques and biotite grains is a poplulation of acicular aluminosilicate.
This coarse-grained sample is dominated by anhedral and undulatory quartz and feldspar grains. Subgrains are observed in both phases. The birefringence of both quartz and feldspar are somewhat higher than usual, with both phases exhibiting lower first-order yellows and oranges. An isolated occurance of riebeckite is found at the far edge of one thin section and displays excellent amphibole cleavage and characteristic blue to yellow-green pleochroism. The other copies have highly altered purple-blue pleochroic minerals with indistinct cleavage.
This sample has a granitic texture and contains roughly equal amounts of both feldspar phases. The k-feldspars are more sericitized than the plagioclase grains, many of which are concentrically zoned. The hornblende grains are anhedral and a times, form almost granular aggregates of equant grains. Hornblende is altering to chlorite, which also interfingers with the relatively subhedral biotite phase. Apatite and epidote are present in trace amounts.
This fine-grained granite contains abundant feldspars, many of which display concentric zoning from plagioclase cores to k-feldspar rims. Biotite grains are altering to and interfingered with chlorite. Rounded hornblende crystals are rare in this sample.
The feldspar grains in this thin section span a broad range of sizes, with larger grains displaying strong lamellae of either the blebby or flame variety. The mafic phases are anhedral to skeletal in shape and are much less abundant than the more felsic phases. Small zircon crystals are clustered with a hornblende aggregate.
This porphyritic sample contains phenocrysts of augite, olivine, and pseudoleucite. Olivine has an iddingsite rim when in contact with the groundmass. The pseudoleucite phenocrysts are a colorless and cloudy, roundish eight-sided crystals with first-order grey birefringence and extinction occurs in amoeboid-shaped sections within the phenocryst. These same pseudoleucite crystals make up the majority of the groundmass, along with calcite, k-feldspar and other alteration products. Three copies of this thin section contain the contact zone itself, with a calcite and clay-rich, layered Eagle sandstone.
Although the bulk of this thin section has an aplitic texture of quartz and feldspar, several larger feldspar phenocrysts punctuate the mosaic texture of the smaller population of quartzofeldspathic phases. Biotite is sparse and where present, skeletal in shape.
Described by Western Minerals Inc. as 'porphyroblastic metasediments/hybrid rocks, interpreted by Eales and his coworkers as metamorphosed 'Red Beds' Formation sediments but conceivably magmatic in origin. The specimens illustrate the range in textures and compositions.' If so, textures in this sample, though difficult to describe, better resemble those of igneous than sedimentary rocks. This sample is jumbled mess of bladed, graphically intergrown k-feldspar and clinopyroxene, subhedral plagioclase altering to a dendritic, cloudy mineral, patches of anhedral, granular quartz, and elongate, poikilitic opaques.
The fabric in this thin section is more disordered than others from this suite. All phases commingle and an alignment of elongate phases amidst many equant phase forms a weak foliation. Garnet and omphacite form porphryclastic, poikiloblastic grains.
This metamorphosed granite has a weak spaced foliation defined by moderately aligned elongate minerals and slight compositional layering. The opaque phases are segregated into two discrete bands, along which, large quartz grains show a crystallographically preferred orientation, causing them to appear nearly isotropic. Alternatively, this nearly isotropic phase could be untwinned leucite, however, an the lack of twins and association with the remaining phases is unlikely. The chlorite and muscovite phases appear to be collectively pseudomorphing a preexisting phase, as evidenced by dark, elongate inclusions within the chlorite grains.
This coarse-grained samples is dominated by subhedral quartzofeldspathic phases. The feldspars are altering to clays and the quartz extinction is undulose. The biotite phase is altering to chlorite in some places and is generally subhedral in shape; kink bands are found in some grains. The hornblende crystals are subhedral and generally cluster with the biotite.
Most crystals in this thin section are highly embayed, including the distinctive riebeckite grains.
This generally allotriomprhic-equigranular thin section is thicker than standar thin sections, thus the quartz and some k-feldspar grains display first order red to pink colors. The riebeckite is nearly opaque in both plane and cross-polarized light.
This porous, fine-grained, well-sorted, well-rounded, clast-supported quartz sandstone is cemented together with hematite. Clasts of microcline, hornblende, calcite, and chert are dispersed in minor amounts throughout the sample. The layering which is visible to the naked eye is unnoticeable in thin section.
Grain shapes in this thin section are consistantly anhedral. Weathering of the feldspars give them a dusty appearance. Because the thin section is cut too thick, the birefringence of quartz and some k-feldspars is as high as second order blues. Mnay hornblende crystals are nearly opaque and they are frequently found surrounding and likely replacing inclusions of pyroxene (perhaps). The biotite and hornblende are rather skeletal. Euhedral sphene and apatite are occasionally scattered throughout.
The groundmass of this thin section comprises an intergrowth of k-feldspar and nephaline, as well as small euhedral diopsidic-augite crystals, biotite, and apatite. The phenocrystic phases are dominated by augite, many with partial rims of more diopsidic composition, and which are frequently zoned and twinned. Olivine is present adjacent to the pyroxenes and is commonly altered to biotite.
Biotite and olivine dominate this sample. The olivine is frequently twinned and highly fractured. In the interstices between olivine grains grows large, anhedral biotite grains. Both phases have a sieve-like, pock-marked appearance. Rutile and opaques, all equant in shape, are plentiful.
The two feldspar phases in this medium-grained, hypidiomorphic syenite are found in roughly equal abundance, though the plagioclase grains are subhedral to the k-feldspar's anhedral shape, and typically displays concentric zoning. Minor myrmekitic intergrowths between quartz and plagioclase are found between feldspar contacts. Both biotite and hornblende have highly irregular grain shapes.
The feldspar grains in this thin section span a broad range of sizes, with larger grains displaying strong lamellae of either the blebby or flame variety. The mafic phases are anhedral to skeletal in shape and are much less abundant than the more felsic phases. The minerals in this thin section are highly fractured lending the appearance of porousness to this intrusive igneous rock.
The most noteworthy feature in this thin section is the micrographic intergrowth between quartz and k-feldspar that pervades the rock. The k-feldspar is dirty in appearance due to alteration to clay. Biotite, which is interfingered with chlorite, is subhedral to anhedral and riddled with inclusions.
Hypidiomorphic, inequigranular k-feldspar and plagioclase with large clasts of chlorite which are likely pseudomorphs of hornblende. Radiating splays of chlorite are distributed randomly throughout, in addition to radiating zeolites, though the latter are confined to void spaces.
A granitic inequigranular diorite with graphically intergrown, sericitized k-feldspar and quartz, and chloritized hornblende. Clinozoisite and sphene are accessory minerals found throughout the thin section.