This mineral phases in this gabbro are highly fractured and frequently embayed. The pyroxenes are roughly euhedral in shape and several equant grains are twinned. The opaques in this sample are typically equant in shape and contain inclusions of olivine or a fiery orange-red mineral that appears the same in plane- and cross-polarized light.
The outer rim phenocrysts of augite and olivine, though the red stain, which concentrates in the glass and olivine phases, obscures the characteristic birefringence of the olivine. Plagioclase microlites are present in the glass and calcite has infilled some pore spaces. The core of this bomb appears to be hematite and glass cemented tiny quartz crystals.
Interlocking microcrystalline calcite crystals and microspar with veinlets of hematite. (Angular fragments of turbid, fine-grained, distinctly layered limestone are cemented and veined by clear, much coarser grained calcite. The limestone pieces contain uniformly fine-grained calcite, veinlets and patches of hematite, small aggregates of chalcedony, grains of sand and silt-sized quartz and disseminated shreds of opaque carbonaceous debris. Some pieces are so fine-grained that they approach the texture of lithographic limestone.)
This thin section is comprised entirely of glass and aligned plagioclase microlites. A few hematite nodules are found throughout. One weathered biotite phenocrysts can be seen.
Indiscernable, amorphous quartzofeldspathic crystals, opaques, and glass comprise over 95% of this thin section. The remainder are subhedral quartz and feldspar phenocrysts. The handsample contains biotite flakes and feldspar phenocrysts up to 8 mm in length, none of which were captured in thin section.
Fine-grained rounded aggregates of chalcedonic quartz set in a matrix of chalcedony and hematite. Veinlets of chalcedony hematite crosscut the sample.
This moderately-sorted, clast-supported, angular, micaceous sandstone is cemented with microcrystalline quartz and localized calcite. A red hematite stain pervades the sample and concentrates along weathered feldspars. The elongate micas are warped and decaying.
This well-sorted, subrounded, chert-cemented quartz sandstone contains alternating clay-rich and poor layers. Accessory minerals and microcrystalline calcite are concentrated along the clay or hematite-rich layers. Hematite concretions and veinlets are found in this sample.
Phenocrysts in this thin section are subhedral k-feldspar with strong Carlsbad twins, subhedral plagioclase, anhedral, granular quartz aggregates, and skeletal biotite with granular hematite rims. The groundmass is a granular, amorphous quartzofeldspathic mixture.
The salt-n-pepper groundmass of opaques, pyroxenes, and feldspars appears almost intserstitial due to the high abundance of microphenocrysts. The phenocrystic population is dominated by subhedral plagioclase and, to a much lesser degree, clinopyroxene. Rounded, phenocryst-sized pockets of granular quartz are found throughout the groundmass.
Grain boundaries between the quartz and feldspar phases in this sample are consistently lobate, often with finer-grained subgrains rimming each crystal. Quartz in undulatory. The mica phases are subhedral and often resorbed, with kink bands causing undulose extinction along the length of the grain. Along one edge of the thin section is a seam dominated by clinozoisite. A hematite stain gives a dusty orange appearance to the feldspars and fractures within the sample contain higher concentrations of the phase.
In thin section, this flow-banded aphanitic rock displays a few fractured and embayed plagioclase and clinopyroxene phenocrysts in a groundmass dominated by aligned microlites of the same two phases. One or two phenocrysts of orthoclase are also present. The microlites define a trachytic texture, which is observable in handsample as flow bands.
The groundmass in this thin section is a salt-n-pepper mixture of fine-grained, amorphous quartzofeldspathic phases. All phenocryts are subhedral in shape, and the largest of these, the k-feldspar and plagioclase are host to abundant hematite-filled fractures. Biotite and hornblende phenocrysts are much smaller. A few spherulites, seen more clearly in plane than cross polarized light, are found in the groundmass.
The least altered phase in this thin section is plagioclase, which forms roughly aligned, variably sized laths that make up both the groundmass, which is dominantly glass, and the phenocryst population. A second phenocryst, clinopyroxene, remains only as inclusions in the calcite pseudomorphs that replaced it. Vesicles, clays, and hematite pseudomorphs are abundant in this thin section.
This groundmass heavy thin section is comprised of indistinguishable quartzofeldspathic phases. Round hematite nodules locally stain the groundmass around them. Anhedral phenocrysts of k-feldspar have been almost entirely replaced by sericite.
Moderately sorted, subangular, matrix-supported, quartz and glauconite sandstone with calcite and hematite matrix. Quartz is undulatory with subgrain walls developing and potassium feldspar twins are deformed. Pockets of finer-grained material contain rounded epidote grains.
The feldspars in this sample show a range of solid solution substitution textures including exsolution lamellae and flame lamellae, although birefringence colors are in the lower first order yellows to pinks. The dark mineral throughout the sample is subhedral, embayed ferrohastingsite which displays excellent amphibole cleavage and retains its originally euhedral crystal structure. A hematite stain pervades this rock, particularly along fractures.
This porous, fine-grained, well-sorted, well-rounded, clast-supported quartz sandstone is cemented together with hematite. Clasts of microcline, hornblende, calcite, and chert are dispersed in minor amounts throughout the sample. The layering which is visible to the naked eye is unnoticeable in thin section.
The four phenocrystic phases in this thin section all display disequilibrium textures. Tabular plagioclase pheoncrysts are oscillatorily-zoned at the core and surrounded by as many as three distinct, cloudy, inclusion-rich rims. Quartz phenocrysts are rounded by resorbtion; thick coronas of calcite and hematite pepper, though do not entirely replace, their rims. Relict biotite phenocrysts, pseudomorphed by an opaque phase, are recognized more readily by the consistant rectancular and hexagonal shape than by the rare inclusion of the residual 'host'. These grains, frequently clustered together, have thick black rims and are sometimes infilled with a calcite-like mineral. This calcite-like mineral, frequently found replacing the biotite and as part of the quartz phenocryst coronas, is also observed pseudomorphing a tabular-shaped mineral found both as a phenocryst and part of the groundmass. The calcite seems to be replacing rectangular serpentine phenocrysts, presumably, pyroxene pseudomorphs themselves. The trachytic groundmass consists predominantly of microlites of plagioclase, prismatic opaques, glass, and the periodic rectangular calcite pseudomorph. Granular hematite veins cross-cut the thin section.
The groundmass of this porphyritic basalt is predominantly glass with less abundant plagioclase microlites. The most readily-identifiable mineral of the phenocryst population is plagioclase. Of greater abundance are euhedral, opaque pseudomorphs. Rare inclusions of pyroxene are observed within these opaques. Pockets of chalcedony disrupt the otherwise uniform groundmass.
The groundmass of this microporphyritic basalt consists of glass and plagioclase microlites. Subhedral plagioclase phenocrysts are roughly aligned and some are concentrically zoned. Subhedral, plucked, clinopyroxene phenocrysts of variable size are less abundant than those of plagioclase.