The largest crystals in this sample are augite, in which twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.
Plagioclase laths in this thin section have a continuous gradation in size from groundmass to phenocrysts. Most are euhedral in shape and this phase makes up roughly 70-80% of the minerals in this sample. Subhedral clinopyroxene makes up the remaining 20-30% of the minerals. The larger, blocky plagioclase is locally zoned and a sieve texture is observable in some grains.
The groundmass of this porphyritic basalt is comprised chiefly of glass, plagioclase, and clinopyroxene, in decreasing proportions respectively. Some plagioclase phenocrysts have sieve textures, some inclusions of glass blebs, others are concentrically zoned, and still more are relatively fresh. Clinopyroxene phenocrysts frequently form glomeroporphyroclasts, sometimes with olivine; several grains have coronas of differing composition growing around them. Both olivine and clinopyroxene are heavily fractured and irregularly shaped.
The phenocrysts in this basalt are plagioclase, orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene. Most pyroxenes are gathered in glomeroporphyroclasts with plagioclase, though the latter phase is most commonly found as isolated, irregularly twinned and shaped phenocrysts. The groundmass is glass and plagioclase.
Vesicles and a glassy matrix containing tiny plagioclase microlites separate this scoria's partially fragmental, partially resorbed, sometime poikilitic, sometimes glomeroporphyroclastic phenocrysts of plagioclase and pyroxenes.
The crystals in this thin section look somewhat out of equilibrium with the melt. The groundmass is microcrystalline and riddled with plagioclase and pyroxenes, as well as glass. Crystals of the phenocryst population are generally subhedral, with rounded corners and irregular twins. The pyroxenes are frequently rimmed by pyroxenes of differing composition. Plagioclase phenocrysts are of differing generations; the first has cloudy, inclusion-rich cores with fresh rims and the second lacks this core. Both may be concentrically zoned. The pyroxenes in particular tend to cluster in glomeroporphyroclasts. The occasional granular aggregate of calcite can be observed in this sample.
The bulk of this thin section is augite. In plane polarized light, these grains have pleochroic rims of differing composition, which translates to concentric zoning in cross-polarized light. Twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.
The glassy groundmass contains small plagiocase and clinopyroxene crystals, both of which are found as microphenocrysts. Plagioclase grains are variable in size and subhedral in shape. Clinopyroxene phenocrysts are substaniatlly larger, often due to the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts.
The range in grain size for the plagioclase laths in this thin section is continual from the groundmass euhedral microlites to the subhedral phenocrysts. Concentric zoning and sieve textures are common in the plagioclase phenocrysts. Clinopyroxene phenocrysts are also subhedral, commonly twinned, and infrequently clustered in glomeroporhpyroclasts. In addition to plagioclase, the groundmass contains clinopyroxene, opaques, and serpentine.
This porphyroclastic thin section has a groundmass dominated by k-feldspar and zeolites, though other phases may be present in lesser amounts. The phenocrysts are euhedral augite and olivine, which are frequently found clustered together in glomeroporphyroclasts. The olivine is consistently rimmed by iddingsite and the augite frequently displays concentric zoning. Tiny crystals of equant apatite and rounded opaques thoroughly pepper the thin section.
Phenocrystic phases in this thin section are subhedral plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and orthopyroxene, found both as isolated crystals and as glomeroporphyroclasts. Some plagioclase phenocrysts have inclusions of equant pyroxenes and blebs of glass. Glass and plagioclase comprise the vesicular groundmass.
The plagioclase crystals in this vesicular basalt display a continuous range of sized from groundmass microlite to sieve-textured, sometimes zoned blocky phenocrysts. The groundmass contains more blocky plagioclase than other lavas from the Bali suite. The pyroxenes are generally subhedral and form glomeroporphyroclasts.