The United States is the only advanced, industrialized country without a federal paid family leave law. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) literature surrounding state-level paid leave policies point to the far-reaching benefits associated with offering families paid time off to bond with a new child or care for a sick family member. In this paper, we use individual responses from the American Time Use Survey and implement difference in difference, difference in difference in difference and ordered probit models to analyze time-use and well-being among heterosexual couples. Results show that leave-eligible fathers spend approximately 30 minutes more in housework activities each day than non-eligible fathers and that eligible mothers in California experience more meaningfulness and less stress at work. Findings of this study highlight the gender equality and well-being outcomes of paid leave in the United States.
This study investigates the impact of the 1996 Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act on farmer financial well-being, as measured by net income of farms in California. I use a standard difference-in-differences ordinary least-squares regression estimator to measure this effect. Additionally, I run a quantile regression at the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles to investigate the impact at varying percentiles of net cash income. The analysis provides no evidence supporting the positive relationship between the change in policy or government subsidies and net farm income. Further research needs to be done to succinctly measure the effect of current agricultural policy on farmer financial well-being.