The gender wage gap is the inequality in what men and women are paid. Historically, men have earned more than women in the labor force. The gap between wages is slowly converging over time, but women still only make about 80 cents for every dollar earned by men. Prior research explains that the main factors behind the prevalent wage inequality is mainly a function of occupational segregation and women’s lack of labor market experience. However, there is still a large amount of the wage gap that is unexplained. This research project investigates if there is a link between women’s contraceptive rights and the wages they receive. Specifically, this research examines the role of differing abortion laws in altering women’s life-cycle wages, and its ultimate implications for the gender wage gap. Findings suggest that that there is a positive relationship between restrictive abortion legislation and the gender wage gap at the 75th percentile.
This paper estimates performance enhancing drugs' (PEDs) effect on Major League Baseball player's salaries. Our data set included single season data from 47 PED offenders and a control group of 56 non-PED users. Our performance and salary data was collected from baseballreference.com. We use ordinary least squares regressions to estimate PEDs effect on slugging percentage (SLG), on-base percentage (OBP), wins above replacement (WAR) and one year salaries. We find that a player using PEDs is estimated to see a 0.0317 increase in their SLG, a 0.0139 increase in their OBP, a 0.459 increase in WAR, and finally a $149,810.15 increase in yearly salary.
This paper examines if the Russians already in the NHL (National Hockey League) are being paid a premium due to the competition for their services from the KHL (Kontinental Hockey League). This paper assesses the determinants of player salaries in the NHL. Data was collected over the 2011-2012 season to the 2015-2016 season in the NHL. I find that player production and Russian nationality are significant determinants of NHL player salaries.
This report prioritizes staff salary pool recommendations for fiscal year 2009-2010 as put forth by the Colorado College Compensation Committee.
There has been a persistent earnings gap between male and female workers in the United States over the past decades. This study examines one possible cause for this discrepancy by analyzing its relationship with market power within the manufacturing industry. Theory suggests that firms with market power have more leverage to practice discrimination toward a specific group of workers, resulting in a wage differential. This study finds that market power does not play a statistically significant role in the creation of wage differentials between male and female workers.
Pottery is an art medium with innumerable factors that contributes to the price of a piece. The artist is faced with the conundrum of creating quality work with designs or a larger quantity of work without designs. This paper expands our knowledge on ceramics and how the ornamentation of a mug will affect a potter’s wage. In order to carry out this study, I created an online survey that focused on the price of mugs with varying qualities and the time associated with their construction, while controlling for different demographics. This study finds that the addition of designs, on average, increase the price of a mug, however, it decrease a potter’s hourly wage. Potter’s who receive a formal education and informal education receive a higher hourly wage. Lastly full-time potters receive a higher hourly wage than part-time potters. Although these conclusions are derived from statistical significance they do not appear to be economically significant.
Previous papers have shown that adolescent depression negatively impacts labor market outcomes. However, no paper in the literature has examined the impact of treatment and whether it mitigates the negative impacts that adolescent depression has on earnings. I use the Adolescent to Adult Health Survey, a nationally representative, longitudinal survey that follows a cohort of approximately 6,000 individuals from adolescence to adulthood, to determine the impact that the treatment of adolescent depression, through counseling, has on adult earnings. The impact of treatment varies by demographic groups. Women of color suffer disproportionately from depression; receiving counseling for adolescent depression is associated with a 147.5 percent increase in adult wages, strongly mitigating the negative impact that depression has on earnings. The results of this paper give further evidence that treatment is worth it, and they bolster the argument to increase availability of counseling services.
Appendix to the Colorado College faculty meeting, Block 7, April 2013.
The current treatment of undocumented immigrants in the United States traps undocumented immigrants into the secondary sector. This leaves people who are undocumented in positions for potential exploitation in the workplace. This study explores the treatment of undocumented workers in the restaurant industry. It uses qualitative methods analyze in-depth interviews. There were thirteen participants in total, all except one identified as Latino. One very special attribute about all of the participants is they have all chosen to permanently settle in the United States. Most of the findings have already been noted in the literature such as low wages, hour violations, and unsafe working conditions. Adding to the literature, one important finding is status preservation of co-ethnics or/and status of preservation of legality, this is where supervisors who have the same ethnicity or status treat workers worst than their American counter parts. Furthermore, another important finding was the slow maturation of exploitation consciousness. Young people in my thesis were not fully aware of the exploitation they were receiving while undocumented. Through these findings above the purpose was to present a clear story on how undocumented people have no mobility and are static in working low-level jobs.
Despite the vast body of research surrounding mergers and acquisitions, there is little consensus as to what contributes to merger success or failure. One variable, target manager retention, has been found to have some explanatory power, but target managers experience a turnover rate significantly higher than average. Decreasing target manager turnover may be a key to improving the low merger success rate, and one possible method would be to provide incentives in the form of compensation increases. This study seeks to test the hypothesis that percent change in target manager compensation is positively and significantly correlated with the merger success rate. The statistical model used to test this hypothesis is logistic regression, and data were collected on multiple mergers, executive compensation, historical stock prices, historical S&P 500 Index prices, and several business return ratios to determine whether a merger succeeded. The findings are inconclusive but provide interesting insights into the nature of mergers and illuminate several areas of potential future research.
Previous empirical research has found that perceived under-reward in relation to both internal and external pay referents negatively affects work attitudes such as pay satisfaction. Unjust procedures in the workplace have similar negative effects. This study compares the effects of internal pay comparisons, external pay comparisons, and procedural justice on professor work attitudes such as job satisfaction, morale, and turnover intentions. Results varied across outcomes, though internal pay comparisons and procedural justice were found to have the most consistently significant effects. Implications for faculty compensation policies are discussed.
Research university impacts are difficult to measure, but vital to understanding the economic development surrounding these universities. This study examines whether research universities in the United States contribute significantly to regional economic development and whether agglomeration economies explain earnings per worker based on university presence or not. Drawing on county-by-county data for the first time, more precisely highlights more specifically the differences between regions with universities and regions without. The effects of university presence, federal, state and institutional research and development expenditures, and industry presence on earnings per worker are tested using multivariate regression analysis. The study finds that university presence alone impacts the presence of industries related to science and technology. University impact measurements are becoming more important as universities compete for government funding.
Appendix to the Colorado College faculty meeting, Block 5, February 2014.
This report prioritizes staff salary pool recommendations for fiscal year 2010-2011 as put forth by the Colorado College Compensation Committee.
Annual report of the Colorado College Compensation Committee for 2009-2010.
Annual report of the Compensation Committee, for 2011-2012, submitted by Dan Johnson, chair, on behalf of the Compensation Committee members: Joan Ericson, Karen Klein, Dianne Knight, Paul Kuerbis, Bob Loevy, Jay Maloney (half-year), Shaleen Prehm (ex officio), Carrie Ruiz, Chad Schonewill, Patti Spoelman, Diane Westerfield, and Barbara Wilson (ex officio).