The following paper will use the civil wars of Spain and Northern Ireland as two case studies for the analysis of the individual expression of trauma. I will establish the historical contexts of the two wars, followed by an examination and comparison of the collective and individual silences and the memorialization of the civil wars. Afterwards, I will analyze the effects of trauma on the individual expression of the civil wars. Finally I will discuss the limitations of the archives. Through the comparative study of two civil wars and the different methods of memorialization and representation, an argument may be made that in order to discuss an individual’s traumatic experience he or she may use the polyphonic discourse thereby allowing the speaker to both represent his or her experiences as well as begin to process any past trauma.
As Google, Yahoo!, and other search engines become daily tools for finding information in contemporary American society, it is important to look at potential systemic biases within society that are reflected by Google in reporting information to wide audiences. Similar to previous literature on the coverage of women’s athletics, the present findings point to an overarching pattern of preference for men’s sports teams over women’s teams. Representation of women in the world of sport is essential for young girls to see because without equitable coverage of women’s athletics, girls may not have the chance to seek role models or opportunities to explore their physical capabilities. Sports can provide a host of benefits to people young and old, such as academic scholarships, career opportunities, physical wellbeing, confidence, and social integration. These benefits should be widely available and visible to everyone– not just men and boys.