Following the enactment of Title IX in 1972, the number of women’s teams coached by females began declining, reaching a low of 42.2% in 2006 and sparking concern about the availability of female mentors to young female athletes. Female coaches are more likely than their male counterparts to foster autonomy-supportive athletic environments in which female athletes flourish. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the presence of a female coach and women’s teams’ success rates, expecting a positive relationship. A basic OLS regression was used to model the production of wins based on data from the 2016-2017 Division I NCAA volleyball season. Results showed that multi-gendered and all-female staffs coach less successful teams. Additionally, female coaches produce more defensively adept teams while male coaches’ teams are stronger offensively. The study concludes athletic administrators should aim to hire well-rounded coaching staffs with a wide variety of backgrounds, specialties, and coaching philosophies; as these characteristics often fall along gender lines, administrators should construct multi-gender coaching staffs.
This paper examines pay discrimination in relation to female swimming and diving coaches a part of the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) Division I conference. To evaluate pay discrimination, this paper assesses the impact of various determinants on annual base salary of coaches in the lower revenue generating sport of swimming and diving. This study analyzes data from the 2016 Salary Survey by CSCCA (College Swimming & Diving Coaches Association of America) using an ordinary least squares regression model. It is worth noting that the salaries of coaches in lower revenue generating sports, specifically at institutions with NCAA Division I affiliated men’s football and basketball programs, are being subsidized due to increased earnings. These results suggest that gender is a significant predictor of a coach’s annual base salary. This study also finds autonomy structure, years of experience, and NCAA Division I to be significant determinants of a head coach’s annual base salary.
The main focus of this study is to examine what factors play the most important roles in hockey player's motivation. Hockey players from NCAA Division I, the American Hockey League, and the National Hockey League are analyzed. After conducting twelve interviews, the player's responses are recorded and displayed in case studies. The research shows that there are many factors that motivate hockey players and that some play more important roles than others. Furthermore, some factors that were expected to be important contributors to hockey player's motivation proved otherwise. Many conclusions are drawn based on the results of the investigation.