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  • Thumbnail for AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY
    AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY by Gledhill, Julia

    Using times series data from 1980-2010 on Department of Defense real base expenditures, real GDP, unemployment, and the GINI coefficient, I model the effects of defense expenditures on income inequality in the United States. I hope to contribute to the relatively small body of literature on the relationship between defense spending and income inequality. There is one study that analyzes defense spending’s impact on income inequality exclusively in the United States, and it was conducted in 1994. Given the constant expansion of defense spending over the last several decades, this study aims to challenge the military Keynesian perspective that military spending is good for everyone in the economy.

  • Thumbnail for EFFECTS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE WITH CHINA ON INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE UNITED STATES AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATES OF BLACK AND WHITE LABORERS.
    EFFECTS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE WITH CHINA ON INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE UNITED STATES AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATES OF BLACK AND WHITE LABORERS. by Shi, Haonan

    Imports from China have grown over 1,156% since 2001. Increasing imports have partially caused the US export and manufacturing job decline. This study uses an ARDL model to deduce if trading with China contributes to the widening US income gap, as well as the discrepancy between Black and white unemployment rates. A second model utilizes commuting zone-based trade and technology exposure data from Autor, Dorn, and Hanson (2015) to evaluate the effects of trade and technology exposure, college education, gender, and CZs African American population on manufacturing job loss. The key addition to previous models is the racial factor. Results indicate that international trade disproportionally impacts unskilled laborers, affirming findings from prior economic studies. This study also found international trade disproportionally contributes to Black unemployment in comparison to white unemployment.

  • Thumbnail for The effect of education expenditures on income inequality
    The effect of education expenditures on income inequality by Lynch, Michael Francis

    Income inequality has steadily increased in the United States since the census bureau began officially accounting for it in 1967. Over thirty-percent of American income has been concentrated with the top 5% of income earners since 1976. This study examines the notion that education expenditures have an equalizing effect on income inequality. Based on a panel dataset of fifty states over twenty years from 1986-2005, this research examines the effect of total current education expenditures and sector specific expenditures on the Gini-coefficient. A fixed effects regression model, applied with lagged expenditure data, shows that education only reduces income inequality in the long-run.

  • Thumbnail for Affordability of higher education : a macro perspective on the interrelations between affordability, social mobility, and income inequality
    Affordability of higher education : a macro perspective on the interrelations between affordability, social mobility, and income inequality by Norrod, Alexander Blake

    Public college affordability has been decreasing alongside social mobility, while income inequality has been increasing. This thesis explores the interrelations between these three themes in a greater systems framework and attempts to clarify where the United States’ economy is heading. This thesis proposes a four step methodology for understanding these interrelations and creatively constructs a measure of affordability from the perspective of the average student across the variables tuition, financial aid, government appropriations, and median income. By examining these variables within this measure of affordability, this research is able to contextualize macro trajectories of many economic variables to better understand the present economic situation. The data for all of the variables comes from four sources: College Board, Grapevine Illinois, FRED, and the Census Bureau. This thesis concludes by stating that these themes are indeed part of a multidimensional system, but are not causal predictors of each other.

  • Thumbnail for AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY
    AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY by Gledhill, Julia

    Using times series data from 1980-2010 on Department of Defense real base expenditures, real GDP, unemployment, and the GINI coefficient, I model the effects of defense expenditures on income inequality in the United States. I hope to contribute to the relatively small body of literature on the relationship between defense spending and income inequality. There is one study that analyzes defense spending’s impact on income inequality exclusively in the United States, and it was conducted in 1994. Given the constant expansion of defense spending over the last several decades, this study aims to challenge the military Keynesian perspective that military spending is good for everyone in the economy.