This project aims to critically examine European classical music, drawing from social, historical, and cultural factors that have driven its conception, growth, exceptionalization, and prevalent affect. Why are certain texts the way they are? What were people thinking about, talking about, doing, in a particular moment? How do all these things leave traces in the text?I argue that the history of classical music can illuminate how white supremacy evolved into the gravitational force it is today. Moreover, this study seeks to articulate how mass participation in classical orchestras effects one’s sense of self.
This paper investigates the impact of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on Corporate Financial Performance (CFP) in the United States and Europe between 2008-2017. Analyzing the top firms from the Globe Reptrack 100, the biggest study on corporate reputation worldwide, the paper puts forward evidence supporting stakeholder theory as well as CSR’s impact on earnings on both continents. The paper measures financial performance using the natural log of Net Income and Corporate Social Responsibility using CSR Hub data. Its findings both agree with and contradict the predominant literature. It concurs with the literature in its support of Stakeholder Theory as CSR is shown to be a positive indicator of financial performance. It diverges from the literature in that American firms are more highly rewarded for CSR investment than their European counterparts.