This project is an analysis of local perspectives surrounding landscape and the management of natural resources in La Fortuna de San Carlos, Costa Rica. La Fortuna is a product of the conservation system and the increase of a tourism-based economy in Costa Rica, where socioeconomic development is increasing with an environmental conscience. Understanding the values and perceptions of the local population can help nearby Arenal National Park and other conservation institutions help the local community and better manage natural resources. This analysis looks for patterns in the interview responses of local participants about their personal practices with natural resources, perceptions of Arenal National Park, and changes in the community since the National Parks’ establishment. Quantitative survey and qualitative quotes suggest that local people perceive their values of natural resources as different from the objectives of Arenal National Park. The local community is instead unified by environmental and economic solidarity, creating a unique perspective on their surrounding natural landscape. The park and community need more collaboration to strengthen their relationship and to better natural resource management in the area.
The people of the desert Southwest have significantly felt the global water crisis. This paper explores the constant struggle for water rights by focusing on the Cochiti Pueblo in New Mexico, a community which plays a central role in understanding the issue of water shortage and disputes over water claims in the Southwest. The building of dams, a primary solution to the water crisis, also creates environmental and social impacts on the local cultures. This ethnographic study explores to what degree land conversion, as a result of dam building, has affected the Cochiti people’s native agricultural lands and practices. This paper incorporates perspectives of multiple stakeholders, including local farmers and ranchers, lawyers, forest rangers and members of the Cochiti community. The multiplicity of voices reveal the complexity of water sharing, as every party involved upholds different values and often one profits at the expense of others. The struggles of the Cochiti illustrate the difficulty in finding balance between environmental sensitivity, corporate interests and traditional cultural practices. Specifically, this project identifies the need for maintaining control of the water distribution, stabilizing the environmental issues resulting from the Cochiti Dam and preserving the cultural traditions of the Cochiti Pueblo. Exploring these issues on a local and global level is integral for the future of our environment and local cultures.
This thesis explores the roles that museums in Andalusia, Spain play in constructing and reflecting a sense of identity and nationalism. Andalusia is composed of imagined communities defined by their particular histories and cultural contexts, and museums are central in navigating the variability in the region’s collective memory. Museums emphasize certain aspects of the region’s history and culture and exclude others in the process of constructing narratives. By observing twenty-six museums in Andalusia, categorized as archaeology museums, history museums, ethnographic museums, and cultural interpretation centers, it is possible to identify elements central to defining the region and its inhabitants. Examining the way in which particular events and cultures are highlighted or silenced, and the way in which the past is constructed in relation to the present, reveals the power the museums hold in creating identities and perceptions of places and people.
This research studies women anthropologists to discern the ways in which these women challenged the anthropological paradigms that were set in place prior to women's emergence into the field. This study will help the reader understand to what extent these women have shaped the previously male dominated field of cultural anthropology from as as the late 1800's to present day.