Minnie came to Craig in 1910 with her family when she was fourteen. They lived on a ranch near Craig until they moved to their homestead south of Craig. There were nine children and Minnie was the oldest girl, responsible for many of the household and babysitting chores. She talks about: hauling water from the river, cooking on the coal stove, the cattle/sheep wars, clothing, play, school, and taking care of her sick mother. Minnie boarded in town for high school and talks about activities. She had one year of college and took the state teacher's exam. She then taught in a rural school but didn't like teaching. Minnie moved to California with a friend and went to a business college. She worked as a secretary/bookkeeper for a time and then returned to Craig in 1941. She married Lewis James and moved to the James ranch. Her husband died a year and a half later of pneumonia. She moved back into Craig and worked as a secretary/bookkeeper until retirement. Minnie died in 1989.
Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has been such a debatable topic for the past 15 years of it's implementation, previous research has been conducted on this topic. However, most of this research ignores the positive effects that this agreement may have caused. The purpose of this thesis is to examine an industry that has experienced positive changes induced by NAFTA. The positive changes are expected to have occurred using expectations from classical international trade theory. Based off of these theories, the hypothesis is that in an industry that has experienced an increase in net exports, employment will have increased as well. This thesis examines the cattle industry in Colorado, which has seen a net increase in exports of beef products as a direct result of NAFTA. A qualitative research method was used, interviewing cattle ranchers in Colorado to gather data on the changes that have occurred since NAFTA. Results from data show that NAFTA has caused employment in this industry to remain stable over the NAFTA years. Also concluded from the data is that international trade models do not explain enough, resulting in expectations that do not capture the entire dynamics of free trade and globalization.
This paper provides a framework for creating undergraduate internships in academic libraries, specifically those offered in collaboration with subject-based academic departments at universities where no degrees in library science are offered. Very little of the scholarly literature addresses this type of internship in particular, and broadly applicable elements of planning and implementation have not been clearly articulated in the literature. This paper proposes that there are several basic elements to consider regardless of situation-specific conditions. These include incentives and compensation for the intern, structure of the internship, projects, and documentation. Each element is considered and described, using internships hosted at the Murray Library of the University of Saskatchewan as examples.
The current treatment of undocumented immigrants in the United States traps undocumented immigrants into the secondary sector. This leaves people who are undocumented in positions for potential exploitation in the workplace. This study explores the treatment of undocumented workers in the restaurant industry. It uses qualitative methods analyze in-depth interviews. There were thirteen participants in total, all except one identified as Latino. One very special attribute about all of the participants is they have all chosen to permanently settle in the United States. Most of the findings have already been noted in the literature such as low wages, hour violations, and unsafe working conditions. Adding to the literature, one important finding is status preservation of co-ethnics or/and status of preservation of legality, this is where supervisors who have the same ethnicity or status treat workers worst than their American counter parts. Furthermore, another important finding was the slow maturation of exploitation consciousness. Young people in my thesis were not fully aware of the exploitation they were receiving while undocumented. Through these findings above the purpose was to present a clear story on how undocumented people have no mobility and are static in working low-level jobs.
The worldwide excitement generated by the Olympic Games needs to be examined in terms of economic impact. The Olympic Games is defined in economic terms by the Pre Olympic Period, the Olympic Year, and the Olympic Legacy Period. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of hosting the Olympics on a nation’s employment rates. The hypothesis is that hosting the Olympics improves employment in the Pre Olympic Period and Olympic Year Period but likely has minimal effect during the Olympic Legacy Period. Contrary to the hypothesis the results suggest that hosting the Olympics has no significant effect on employment as a percentage of the population in an Olympic host nation. However, the trend in all three Olympic Periods was favorable for improved national employment.
This study looks at the determinants of green goods and services (GGS) employment in the U.S. and specifically how high levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions negatively affects green job growth. Previous studies on political, economic, and social factors were reviewed to generate the two-year (2010-2011) empirical model. The significant results found from the OLS regression include a negative effect of CO2 emissions on GGS employment. This paper indicates significant variables that can help researchers and policy makers understand what comprises green employment.
The Olympic Games garner worldwide attention. This mega sporting event requires examination in terms of economic impact. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of hosting the Olympic Games through GDP, employment, and tourism. To assess the economic impact, host nations will not only be analyzed in and of itself, but will also be compared to runner-up nations in the bidding process. Though runner-up nations tend to economically benefit more often than the host nation per Olympiad, host nations are found to benefit intrinsically.
Military retirees, regarded by the Department of Defense as eligible for pension after twenty years of active duty service, constitute a significant portion of the U.S. labor force, yet it’s unclear which industries they work in after transitioning to the civilian labor force. This research paper has discovered a positive correlation in residence statistics of military retirees in regions with high occurrences of engineering and architecture, business and finance, computer and mathematics, and food service occupations. This study found that the presence of more physically demanding occupations such as nonfarm labor, construction and extraction, and buildings and grounds maintenance occupations have a negative effect on retiree population. Mean annual wages within the identified labor markets have similar effects on retiree population as the number of jobs within those professions.