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  • Thumbnail for ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
    ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS by Harastova, Marketa

    This research study focuses on analyzing the effectiveness of environment-friendly practices and programs in schools on creating environment-friendly habits and raising environmental awareness of elementary school students. We select two different elementary schools in Colorado Springs and survey students aged between 7 and 11 years old. We use the Seemingly Unrelated Regressions (SUR) model to analyze our data. The results show that the school with stronger environmental program and focus does have a relevant positive impact on the environment conscious answers to questions in the student survey. Interestingly, we also find that students’ age and gender seem to have no significant impact on students’ answers.

  • Thumbnail for Role Models, Information, and the Economics of Educational Aspiration: Results from a Field Study in Lima, Peru
    Role Models, Information, and the Economics of Educational Aspiration: Results from a Field Study in Lima, Peru by Roman Lopez, Eyner Farid

    This paper studies the determinants of educational aspiration by exploring traditional and new variables covered in the economics, psychology, sociology of education literature. It uses Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) models on two types of outcome variables, and it splits the sample according to gender and geographic entity differences. The results show that “significant others” (parents and friends) have a statistically significant positive link with aspiration levels. They also suggest strong positive relationships between role models’ educational attainment and female student’s aspirations, as well as information on higher education and the aspirations of students in rural areas.

  • Thumbnail for Public School System - John Dietrich
    Public School System - John Dietrich by Dietrich, John

    Historic documentation of life at the turn of the 19th century created by residents of Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1901 for the citizens of 2001. Under the direction of Louis R. Ehrich, a prominent 19th century businessman, the items were sealed in a chest which was stored in various buildings on the Colorado College campus until the official opening January 1, 2001 at the Charles Leaming Tutt Library. Contents of Ms349, Fd 21, Public School System - John Dietrich include: 1 20-page, handwritten letter, dated August 1, 1901, addressed “To the Residents of Colorado Springs in the year 2001:” signed by John Dietrich, Superintendent of Schools; 8 b&w photos: “W. S. Morris - Member Board of Education,” “Rufus B. Thayer,” “O. E. Collins, Sec’y Board of Education,” “Rev. M. D. Ormes, Member Board of Education,” “George S. Elstun, Member Board of Education,” “O. E. Hemenway, Member Board of Education,” “A. G. Sharp, Treasurer of School District No. 11,” “John Dietrich, Superintendent of Schools”; 1 paperbound booklet “Colorado Springs Public Schools Outline of Studies: Elementary and High Schools 1897-1898”; 1 printed directory of School Board Members, Teachers, Committees and Janitors for 1900-1901; 1 printed card listing Officers and Committees of the Colorado Springs School Board, 1901-1902; 1 clothbound copy of By-laws and Rules and Regulations of the Public School System.

  • Thumbnail for Funding success : an analysis of public school funding and demographics in Colorado and their effect on school performance
    Funding success : an analysis of public school funding and demographics in Colorado and their effect on school performance by Borgeson, Andrew Thomas

    This quantitative study seeks to understand the effects of public school funding, expenditures, school, and neighbor-hood demographics on 2011 Transitional Colorado Assessment Program (TCAP) tests. Primarily, this thesis tries to answer whether or not public school funding has a significant effect on TCAP scores, how demographics shape both funding and TCAP scores, and how neighborhood and school demographics relate to each other. With public schools in Colorado as the unit of analysis, unemployment and education levels are used in conjunction with school demographics including student race, poverty, number of students, and student-teacher ratio are used to determine differences throughout the state and how they translate to academic performance. TCAP scores are used to gauge disparities in academic performance throughout the state. This study confirms many of the existing literature claims that student personal background, along with home-life, and institutional quality of schools exhibit some considerable effect on student performance uncovering unique findings as well.

  • Thumbnail for Natural history museum visitors' understanding of human evolution
    Natural history museum visitors' understanding of human evolution by Smith, Shaye

    Recent polls indicate that only 15% of Americans accept secular evolution as the cause of human origins and less than 10% possess a functional understanding of evolutionary concepts (Gregory 2009; Newport 2012). Due to various social and psychological barriers to the acceptance and understanding of evolutionary theory as well as a minimal educational focus on evolution, for some Americans visiting institutions of informal education like natural history museums is their only opportunity to obtain scientifically sound information about evolution (Diamond and Evans 2007; Spiegel et al. 2006). Many studies have investigated natural history museum visitors’ understanding of evolution but few have examined understanding of human evolution in particular. Data were collected over a five-day period at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. Ninety-six museum visitors participated in an exit survey in the Hall of Human Origins. Fifty percent of visitors subscribed to young earth creationist or theistic evolutionary beliefs. Visitors’ answers to questions pertaining to information presented in the exhibition and their understanding of the principles of evolution as the basis of human origins were scored for accuracy. Relationships were found between acceptance and understanding, with those who accepted secular evolution scoring on average 79%, those who accepted theistic evolution scoring on average 70%, and those who accepted young earth creationism scoring on average 41%. Results indicate that visitors held several misconceptions about evolution, e.g. new traits that arise in populations are always beneficial (54%) and adaptations arise in response to need or an intentional effort to change by individuals (68%). Because natural history museums house the objective scientific knowledge and fundamental evidence for evolution, they play an important role in educating the public. However, as these results indicate, personal beliefs influence visitors’ ability to understand the principles of evolution as the basis of human origins.

  • Thumbnail for Electives, student achievement and student motivation : a qualitative exploration
    Electives, student achievement and student motivation : a qualitative exploration by Evans, Hannah Marie

    Often, elective programs such as art and physical education are the first items cut when middle school budgets become strained. The American Educational system places higher value on core curriculum classes such as math and science and there has been little research done on the importance of electives for student achievement. This thesis seeks to explore the benefits of elective courses for student achievement and a student’s education in general. The two motivational theories used to explore the relationship between electives, student achievement, and student motivation are Social Learning Theory and Job Characteristics Theory. A survey was sent out to a select sample of middle school administrators in Colorado to obtain rich qualitative data on the topic of electives in the middle school curriculum. The surveyed schools varied from high achieving schools to low achieving schools (achievement measured in standardized test scores) and across different districts in Colorado. The data was analyzed and found to be consistent with many of the characteristics of Social Learning Theory and Job Characteristics Theory.

  • Thumbnail for The Woman's Educational Society of Colorado College 2007-2008 Annual Report of the President : 119th Annual Meeting, April 24, 2008
    The Woman's Educational Society of Colorado College 2007-2008 Annual Report of the President : 119th Annual Meeting, April 24, 2008 by Colorado College. Woman's Educational Society

    This report summarizes the activities of the committees and officers of the WES Board of Managers for the year May 1, 2007 – April 30, 2008.

  • Thumbnail for ÉTUDE COMPARATIVE SUR LES PHILOSOPHIES DE L’ÉDUCATION DANS LES ŒUVRES DE JEAN-JEACQUES ROUSSEAU ET MARIA MONTESSORI
    ÉTUDE COMPARATIVE SUR LES PHILOSOPHIES DE L’ÉDUCATION DANS LES ŒUVRES DE JEAN-JEACQUES ROUSSEAU ET MARIA MONTESSORI by Harastova, Marketa

    Ce mémoire analyse les œuvres Émile ou de l’éducation de Jean-Jacques Rousseau et L’Enfant de Maria Montessori qui captent les approches pédagogies de leurs auteurs. De manière comparative, nous dégageons les points d’intersection et les différences dans leurs philosophies sur l’éducation de la petite enfance (0-12 ans). Ensuite, nous avançons vers le 21ème siècle et nous reprenons les points les plus pertinentes de ces philosophies pédagogies pour la société moderne. Ce mémoire explore également le phénome du bilinguisme et l’expansion de la méthode Montessori, qui est inspirée par le travail de Rousseau, dans le 21ème siècle. Nous soulignons certaines de ses avantages et de ses problèmes. Finalement, nous concluons par les efforts d’adapter « les écoles Montessori » modernes pour préserver les idées principales de la fondatrice et en même répondre mieux aux besoins de l’enfant et de la société au 21ème siècle.

  • Thumbnail for Education as an investment
    Education as an investment by Walcott, William C. P.

    The value of education is paramount in the life of every human being. This thesis will test how, and to what degree, institutional prestige can affect starting and mid-career salary for college graduates. This thesis will also test the significance of four other variables - the average acceptance SAT score, the school acceptance rate, the percentage of classes with fewer than 20 students, and the tuition level. It was found that prestige as a dummy variable is statistically significant only when considered alone. When all variables are tested simultaneously, SAT scores and school acceptance rates are far more important factors determining future salary. This research will serve the greater purpose of educating prospective college students on the importance of their decision and on which college reputation contributing factors are the most important in regards to future salary potential.

  • Thumbnail for Accounting for purpose in the age of accountability : grounded theory and discretion in educational institutions
    Accounting for purpose in the age of accountability : grounded theory and discretion in educational institutions by Kirksey, Jon Jacob

    Through the use of grounded theory methodology and the operationalization of a representative bureaucracy framework, this study investigates the perception of discretion within public administration in educational institutions. Public administrative actors use discretion to provide equitable learning opportunities, and without said discretion, underrepresented groups would have no extra support despite numerous disadvantages. In an attempt to give cause or further explanation as to the nature of this discretion, evidence from 20 interviews and 30 hours of observation of fifth grade classrooms in urbanized schools (n = 8) suggests a grounded theory of purposeful accountability to link an increased perception of discretion for teachers and principals. School officials can stay afloat in the age of accountability as long as their sense of belonging and ability to mobilize their organizations are maintained through proper access to centralized knowledge and expectations, the ability to fulfill needs unique to the organization, and the recognition of efforts and status through trust from centralized authority. With this theoretical foundation, public administrative actors can find greater progress and efficiency in assuring active representation through discretion.

  • Thumbnail for ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
    ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS by Harastova, Marketa

    This research study focuses on analyzing the effectiveness of environment-friendly practices and programs in schools on creating environment-friendly habits and raising environmental awareness of elementary school students. We select two different elementary schools in Colorado Springs and survey students aged between 7 and 11 years old. We use the Seemingly Unrelated Regressions (SUR) model to analyze our data. The results show that the school with stronger environmental program and focus does have a relevant positive impact on the environment conscious answers to questions in the student survey. Interestingly, we also find that students’ age and gender seem to have no significant impact on students’ answers.

  • Thumbnail for The Woman's Educational Society of Colorado College 2005-2006 Annual Report of the President : 117th Annual Meeting, April 26, 2006
    The Woman's Educational Society of Colorado College 2005-2006 Annual Report of the President : 117th Annual Meeting, April 26, 2006 by Colorado College. Woman's Educational Society

    This report summarizes the activities of the committees and officers of the WES Board of Managers for the year June, 2005 – April 1, 2006.

  • Thumbnail for The treachery of the Blue Books : the impact of the 1847 educational reports on Welshwomen and Welsh national identity
    The treachery of the Blue Books : the impact of the 1847 educational reports on Welshwomen and Welsh national identity by Nelson, Rosie

    During the nineteenth century, the English Parliament commissioned a series of educational reports of Wales which aimed to denigrate the nation to aid an English cultural takeover, thus ensuring cultural homogeneity within England and Wales. In the educational reports, women were used as the markers of Wales and were conflated with barbarism and bestiality. The Welsh male elites responded virulently, claiming the virtuous nature of Welshwomen, and consequently, Wales. Women were thus used as political pawns, and were tokenized, as opposed to being represented in of themselves. Following these responses, a Welsh national identity began to form which was centered around women. Wales came to be personified as a woman, thus the idealized version of Welsh womanhood was confined to such a degree that women had a very strict ideal to live up to.​

  • Thumbnail for Avec Perrault, qui a besoin de parents? : L’influence de Charles Perrault et ses contes de fées sur l’education des enfants
    Avec Perrault, qui a besoin de parents? : L’influence de Charles Perrault et ses contes de fées sur l’education des enfants by Nadar, Devin

    Les contes de Charles Perrault sont bien connus, surtout dans le monde européen, et ils sont peut-être plus connus que toutes les autres versions des contes de la région. La popularité des contes et leur présence dans la formation des enfants aujourd’hui indiquent leur longévité et leur plasticité, et donc, parlent sur l’importance de l’auteur Charles Perrault et sa vision. Ce mémoire va discuter le rôle des contes de Perrault dans l’éducation des enfants au 18ème siècle et comment les contes sont une réflexion de la situation familiale courante en France. Les contes de La Belle au Bois Dormant, Cendrillon, Le Petit Chaperon Rouge et Peau d’Âne seront examinés en détail.

  • Thumbnail for Curwen hand signs and pitch accuracy in sight-reading in the secondary choral classroom
    Curwen hand signs and pitch accuracy in sight-reading in the secondary choral classroom by Forero-Hordusky, Kristina Alexis

    This study served to test a hypothesis that using Curwen hand signs while practicing sight-reading would improve pitch accuracy. This study is designed, in part, to begin dialogue surrounding beneficial sight-reading practices in an effort to develop a nationwide curriculum for performing arts programs. Students participated in pretest/posttest assessments as well as qualitative surveys to assess background familiarity with using hand signs as well as assess the general attitude towards the practice of sight-reading. They also completed a modality preference instrument to determine whether kinesthetic learners benefitted differently. After one pretest assessment, students were conditioned for two months, followed by two posttest assessments. The conditioning phase consisted of techniques and philosophies based in the Kodály method, created by Hungarian composer and educator Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967). This method also incorporates the use of hand signs to represent diatonic scale degrees as created and implemented by John Curwen (1816-1880). While the data collected shows no correlation between simply using hand signs and improved test scores, there are many variables that can be attributed to these results, including consecutive years in a choir program, requirements set forth by previous instructors, and modality learning preferences. Many of these issues are discussed in the results of the study. The main result of the study indicates that there are a myriad of paths to take towards the development of a nationwide curriculum for sight-reading.

  • Thumbnail for  Success At A Waldorf Public Charter School
    Success At A Waldorf Public Charter School by Rowse, Chloe

    The purpose of this study was to define success at a Waldorf Public Community Charter School (WPCS) in Colorado and analyze how success plays out in the classroom. The difference between how WPCS defines success and how traditional Public School defines success was also analyzed. A review of literature was conducted to determine how traditional Public School and Waldorf Schools define success. Two questionnaires were administered through surveys given to the WPCS community. The first survey, created on Qualtrics©, was administered on the computer to the adult community members and focused on defining success at WPCS. In general, the responses regarding WPCS specifically were positive. The second survey – the Colorado Education Initiative Student Perception Survey – was administered on paper to students in grades 3-7. After the surveys were collected and the data was entered into a spreadsheet, themes were coded and conclusions were made. A WPCS community definition of success was written. The WPCS definition of success was based on 8 themes that were common throughout responses – passion/engagement, well rounded, joy, good citizen/mindful, determination, meet individualized goals, confidence/self-efficacy, and growth. Results from the Student Perception survey were analyzed to determine strengths and weaknesses in classroom experiences. Recommendations were given to support the Public Waldorf school movement. One recommendation was to make clearer the WPCS valued outcomes so that teachers do not end up stuck trying to figure out which outcomes they should be striving for.

  • Thumbnail for The Chinese college entrance exam : high stakes and pressure cooking
    The Chinese college entrance exam : high stakes and pressure cooking by Bush, Madeline

    China's National College Entrance Examination system (NCEE) is the driving force behind the Chinese education system as a whole. This single test is not only a determinant of an examinees future, but also guides the entire country's education system and curriculum while encouraging many traditional Chinese beliefs. In theory the test simply serves to filer students into appropriate colleges using a high-stakes testing system. However, in practice the NCEE serves as a lens through which the Chinese culture looks. This high-stakes testing system has created social urgency and fever surrounding education and college admission. As a single predictor of success and the only factor in college admissions, intense competition and pressure is created in Chinese society. Though the culture created the test, the test is in some respects also shaping the culture.

  • Thumbnail for Long live the emperor! legitimizing infrastructural expansion in Meiji Japan
    Long live the emperor! legitimizing infrastructural expansion in Meiji Japan by Alvarado, Dominic Jose

    This thesis determines if the Japanese government deviated from previously-established methods of movement from a despotic to an infrastructural power structure in using the Emperor to legitimize the changes taking place within the nation. Of primary focus is how Shintoism has evolved, discourse within the Japanese nation in incorporating foreign influences, and how the Japanese education system represented a key component in the utilization of Shintoism to address issues of modernization from 1853-1945.

  • Thumbnail for Addressing consumer food waste : the role of increasing information in waste reduction
    Addressing consumer food waste : the role of increasing information in waste reduction by Galli, Theresa Monica

    Every year, one third of the global food supply is wasted through post-harvest, distribution, and household food losses. In a global food system, food consumption and waste practices have substantial environmental consequences and high levels of waste can reduce food access for the world’s poor. In the developed world, food waste occurs most heavily in the retail and consumer stages of the food supply chain. The U.S. Economic Research Service estimated that in 1995, 26 percent of the total edible food supply was wasted by individuals and the food-service industry. Using theory of utility maximization and imperfect information, this thesis uses a survey to explore whether consumers lack information that may contribute to reductions in food waste and what types of information would be most beneficial in decreasing household food waste. In addition, the study tracks food waste over the course of two weeks in a college cafeteria to examine whether an increase in information about the quantity of food waste leads to a decrease in plate waste. This study found that information on financial savings, “sell by” dates and other expiration codes, and the quantity of food wasted may be beneficial in reducing consumer food wastages. Further research in the area is necessary in order to determine the scope of the problem and possible solutions.

  • Thumbnail for Economic indicators of public education in Colorado
    Economic indicators of public education in Colorado by Brody, John Samuel

    The treatment of education as a production function has become a relevant way to numerically assess the state of schools and districts at a local, state, and federal level. This study examines the relationship between accreditation scores, a more holistic assessment of district quality and achievement, and the three main inputs of the education system –student, teachers, and expenditures—by using an OLS regression of Colorado Department of Education data for the 2010 – 2011 school year. Significant negative correlations between specific operating costs and pupil-teacher ratio were found with accreditation scores. These, paired with social demographic variables, were to have the largest impact on accreditation scores and thus, district quality and achievement.

  • Thumbnail for A pacing machine for the development of speed in reading
  • Thumbnail for  The struggle for equal education by Hispanics in the Southwest
    The struggle for equal education by Hispanics in the Southwest by Kannan, Phillip M.

    Colorado College Distinguished Lecturer and Legal Scholar-in-Residence Phil Kannan says Hispanics have been the victims of discriminatory laws and policies in almost every part of their lives in the U.S. including housing, voting, employment, medical care and education. Hispanics in the Southwest turned to federal courts to challenge state and local laws, and policies regarding education. This presentation will look at the most significant of those court battles. Recorded September 13, 2006.

  • Thumbnail for Hochman, William R.
    Hochman, William R. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor William R. Hochman was born on August 28, 1921 in New York City, and received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University. He served in the United States Navy during World War II. Professor Hochman joined the Colorado College faculty as instructor of history in 1955, as assistant professor from 1955 through 1960, as associate professor from 1960 to 1965, and as professor from 1965 until his retirement in 1998. He served as Chair of the Department of Education for four years, beginning in 1964 and as Chair of the History Department from 1970 to 1983, and Dean of the Summer Session from 1990–1998. He also served on innumerable campus committees and as faculty marshal for many years. Notable for his compelling public speaking, Professor Hochman was long active in local, state and national Democratic Party politics, but he is best known as an outstanding teacher by his many former students, particularly the alumni of Freedom and Authority.

  • Thumbnail for The treachery of the Blue Books : the impact of the 1847 educational reports on Welshwomen and Welsh national identity
    The treachery of the Blue Books : the impact of the 1847 educational reports on Welshwomen and Welsh national identity by Nelson, Rosie

    During the nineteenth century, the English Parliament commissioned a series of educational reports of Wales which aimed to denigrate the nation to aid an English cultural takeover, thus ensuring cultural homogeneity within England and Wales. In the educational reports, women were used as the markers of Wales and were conflated with barbarism and bestiality. The Welsh male elites responded virulently, claiming the virtuous nation of Welshwomen, and subsequently, Wales. Women were thus used as political pawns, and were tokenized, as opposed to being represented in of themselves. Following these responses, a Welsh national identity began to form which was centered around women. Wales came to be personified as a woman, thus the idealized version of Welsh womanhood was confined to such a degree that women had a very strict ideal to live up to.​

  • Thumbnail for A journey through inquiry