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  • Thumbnail for Diversifying High Tech Sector Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards Affect Firm Value
    Diversifying High Tech Sector Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards Affect Firm Value by Reddy, Nitika

    This paper examines the relationship of gender and racial diversity on corporate boards and firm value for high tech companies. Firm value is measured in an approximation of Tobin’s Q and diversity is measured by the percentage or presence of women or minorities on a board. The study looks at the high tech firms that are listed on the Fortune 1000 for 2016. Pervious studies on this topic have had relatively positive results, but have no one has specifically looked at the high tech industry. The high tech sector is a nontraditional sector due to its recent rapid growth and large impact on the United State’s GDP. The results showed that gender diversity did not have any affect on firm value, while racial diversity had a negative affect.

  • Thumbnail for The Catalyst [2016-2017 v.47 no. 24 May 12]
  • Thumbnail for Diversifying Tech Industry Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards can affect Firm Value
    Diversifying Tech Industry Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards can affect Firm Value by Reddy, Nitika

    This paper examines the relationship of gender and racial diversity on corporate boards and firm value for high tech companies. Firm value is measured in an approximation of Tobin’s Q and diversity is measured by the percentage or presence of women or minorities on a board. The study looks at the high tech firms that are listed on the Fortune 1000 for 2016. Pervious studies on this topic have had relatively positive results, but have no one has specifically looked at the high tech industry. The high tech sector is a nontraditional sector due to its recent rapid growth and large impact on the United State’s GDP. The results showed that gender diversity did not have any affect on firm value, while racial diversity had a negative affect.

  • Thumbnail for Cipher [2016-2017 v.20 n.8 May]
  • Thumbnail for CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND TEAM PERFORMANCE: ASSESSING MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER’S RELATIONSHIP WITH IMPORTED TALENT
    CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND TEAM PERFORMANCE: ASSESSING MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER’S RELATIONSHIP WITH IMPORTED TALENT by Huettel, Timothy

    This paper uses data from Major League Soccer’s regular season between 2012 and 2016 to study the impact of cultural diversity on team performance. I found that there is no proof that more diverse teams outperform less diverse ones or vice versa. However, I did find that more valuable teams, teams that spend a relatively large amount of the league’s total spend on salary, outperform less valuable ones. All else equal, a one percent increase in a team’s value is associated with a 0.94 increase in its end of season goal differential. An Ordinary Least Squares Regression (OLS) reinforces these findings. Because goal difference totals often mirror league standings, teams that spend more money could potentially change their final position in the conference at the end of the season. The results of this study have important implications for debates regarding money’s ability to influence performance not only in more financially equitable soccer leagues, but also in leagues where there is greater financial inequality between teams.

  • Thumbnail for The effect of housing density and proximity to surface water on bee community assemblages
    The effect of housing density and proximity to surface water on bee community assemblages by Sarro, Erica

    Urbanization and anthropogenic development across North America are contributing to habitat loss and fragmentation. Urbanization also alters surface water systems, resulting in the elimination, alteration, and creation of aquatic ecosystems. Habitat loss is one factor contributing to the current native bee and honeybee (Apis mellifera) population declines across the continent. Previous studies on the effect of urbanization on bee populations have produced conflicting results, which suggest that further research is required. The effect of surface water availability on bee populations is not well studied. Using bee bowl traps and sweep net sampling techniques in household yards across the Twin Cities in Minnesota, I assessed bee abundance and bee community composition across an urban to rural gradient using housing density as a measure of degree of urbanization. I also examined and compared bee communities in yard sites both near to and far from major surface waters. Specifically, I tested the hypothesis that bee community assemblages are affected by both housing density and proximity to water, independently. I found no significant difference in bee abundance across the urban to rural gradient or at varying distances from water. However, I found a positive correlation between yard size and bee abundance and a significantly different community composition of bees near to and far from water. The results of this study imply that bee populations are not affected by housing density alone, and that other factors, such as habitat patch size as measured by yard size, may be contributing to reported declines in bee populations. Results also imply that altering surface waters in urban areas can impact bee community composition. These results can help guide future studies and inform urban planning and surface water alteration methods in order to conserve bee populations.

  • Thumbnail for The economics of linguistic diversity throughout the EU
    The economics of linguistic diversity throughout the EU by Cooley, Michael

    Economists Chen, Santaereu-Vasut, and Amir Shoham all have published works showing the statistical significance of a linguistic relativity variable. The impact of these variables ranges from micro-decisions to macro-predictions. The goal of this paper is to look at the ability of the economics of linguistic relativity to predict linguist diversity across the European Union.

  • Thumbnail for Diversifying High Tech Sector Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards Affect Firm Value
    Diversifying High Tech Sector Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards Affect Firm Value by Reddy, Nitika

    This paper examines the relationship of gender and racial diversity on corporate boards and firm value for high tech companies. Firm value is measured in an approximation of Tobin’s Q and diversity is measured by the percentage or presence of women or minorities on a board. The study looks at the high tech firms that are listed on the Fortune 1000 for 2016. Pervious studies on this topic have had relatively positive results, but have no one has specifically looked at the high tech industry. The high tech sector is a nontraditional sector due to its recent rapid growth and large impact on the United State’s GDP. The results showed that gender diversity did not have any affect on firm value, while racial diversity had a negative affect.

  • Thumbnail for Diversifying High Tech Sector Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards Affect Firm Value
    Diversifying High Tech Sector Boards: How Women and Racial Minorities on Corporate Boards Affect Firm Value by ,

    This paper examines the relationship of gender and racial diversity on corporate boards and firm value for high tech companies. Firm value is measured in an approximation of Tobin’s Q and diversity is measured by the percentage or presence of women or minorities on a board. The study looks at the high tech firms that are listed on the Fortune 1000 for 2016. Pervious studies on this topic have had relatively positive results, but have no one has specifically looked at the high tech industry. The high tech sector is a nontraditional sector due to its recent rapid growth and large impact on the United State’s GDP. The results showed that gender diversity did not have any affect on firm value, while racial diversity had a negative affect.