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  • Thumbnail for Multi-Level Analysis of Biogas Dissemination in Chitwan, Nepal
    Multi-Level Analysis of Biogas Dissemination in Chitwan, Nepal by Kennedy, Brian Geoffrey

    Subsistence communities depend on forest resources and common lands to provide the necessities for survival. However, Western-based economic ideologies are greatly compromising the ability of these communities to perpetuate their traditional existence. Neoclassical economic principles promote the exploitation of important resources for use in markets. Also, as economic development and modernization ensues, land-use conversion inevitably results in further struggles to obtain the resources upon which many rely. This thesis explores biogas as an example of how fusion of ecological economic principles and ecofeminist values can be implemented to encourage sustainable development. An analysis of Nepal’s energy use by sector, supply and demand dynamics of fuelwood, land-use conversion within the district of Chitwan and the associated social, economic, and environmental issues caused by inefficient biomass consumption shed light on where sustainability and appropriate development efforts should be focused. My paper concludes that traditional Nepalese cooking methods need to be addressed in the face of misguided development and population growth, and the socioeconomic benefits associated with conversion to biogas technology is a good solution.