Photo taken of Tiananmen [Gate of Heavenly Peace] in Beijing showing image of Chiang Kai-shek hung in position where Mao Zedong's portrait now hangs. While both leaders represented revolutionary movements determined to break with China's imperial past, both also laid claim to the central symbolic space from which ancient imperial power emanated.
3 5/8 by 3 5/8 inches; mixed metal. A "gao" is a reliquary, most often worn around the neck. Some are elaborate and high art pieces, with silver, gold, and jewels. Charm or amulet inside referred to as a 'tsa tsa'. A "tsa tsa" is sometimes included in a gao, and also in stupas in multiples, sometimes hundreds. It is made of clay, pressed by a mold, of a Buddha, bodhisattva, other deities, emblems, or prayers. Some tsa tsa have pieces of blessed grain or other stuff mixed with the clay; these materials have religious power and makes the gao effective against harm, attack by spirits or humans, against disease, etc. Acquired by Berea College in 1973.