The Purple Paper : Politics Monthly is the newsletter of the CC Dems, CC Repubs and the Collaborative for Community Engagement.
Urban agriculture has had a strong presence in American cities throughout history, whether from concerns of food security or desires for green spaces. In the past two decades, gardens have made a large comeback due to grassroots and community desire to build community and partake in the local food movement. Common literature has agreed on the benefits that gardens can provide for cities, but no study has found what it specifically takes to establish gardens successfully, in order for their benefits to consistently show for the long-term. This study determines what factors are necessary to establish community gardens with longevity in mind. Through extensive analysis of existing literature, this study finds that the three largest factors for establishing and maintaining community gardens are community interest, support for resources, and organized structure. This study then examines how these factors are specifically at play in Colorado Springs, as the city’s budding interest in gardening makes for an exemplary case study. For Colorado Springs, this study finds that while community interest and mechanisms for resource support are present when it comes to establishing gardens, in terms of longevity, a lack of consistent structure for supporting and maintaining community gardens could hinder the longevity of community gardens. It is proposed that more organization and structure for the gardens, especially in regards to leadership development, can promote the success of these gardens, as well as other gardens nation-wide, for the future by making gardens more self-sustaining.
Le Cœur de Pic, a collection of thirty-two French Surrealist children's poems accompanied by twenty illustrations by Claude Cahun, is an irreplaceable artifact of Surrealist object experimentation in the late 1930's. Together, its phonetic- and optical-objects form the unique and specific "cross-border" function of the surreal book-object, which creates a hybrid and open-ended narrative. My goal in translating this text is to make a new textual object that is functionally equivalent to the surreal book-object of the 1930's, so that contemporary readers may access the mischievious and melancholic narrative contained therein. I have employed intermedial translation to create The Heart of Pic because Le Cœur de Pic is a multimodal text, having as much to do with verbal as it does visual elements. Intermedial translation is a new conversation in the field of translation studies in contemporary comparative literature. My hope is that this project will spark contribute to that conversation as well as the revolution of translation as we now know it.
This thesis tells the history of the Roman Catholic Church on the islands of Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic) and Cuba as it establishes itself as an institution. The thesis traces the history of abortion as the measuring stick for the sociopolitical influence of Catholicism on the islands. Beginning with the earliest Christian reactions towards abortion, the thesis makes the connection between church-state relations from ancient Rome up to the dictators Rafael Trujillo and Fidel Castro.
There are bits and pieces writings and compilations, but there are very few comprehensive works that tell how and why the African-American population of Pueblo, at one time a greater number than the African- American population of the capital city of Denver, became settled and established in the “Steel City.” That is what this paper will attempt to do: provide a comprehensive perspective on the establishment of an African- American population in Pueblo, Colorado by 1930.
Bullying among school-aged children has received notoriety in the media as of late, especially following highly publicized incidents in which victims have killed themselves or others as a result of being bullied. The following study analyzed data from the 2005-2006 Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, a national survey of students, in order to determine the socio-demographic factors predictive of bullying behaviors. A dichotomous bully variable was derived from the data set and used in an initial logistic regression with a set of independent variables representing student race/ethnicity, gender, family SES, family structure, and parental engagement. Initial results demonstrated the significance of parental attachment above all other independent variables, in addition to gender and family SES. OLS regressions were then run in order to determine which independent variables affected parent engagement. Results indicated that both mothers and fathers, especially those from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds, were significantly less engaged with their children than their white counterparts, particularly racial/ethnic minority fathers being significantly less engaged with their daughters. These results point to a crisis of masculinity as well as greater structural inequality that prevents minority parents from being more engaged with their children.
An analysis of Asian roles in American cinema revealed a complex portrayal of Asian Americans liminality. Seventeen films derived from “Asian American Film 101” (2011) a list created by Michael Kang were used to conduct this research. The literature concluded there were limited spaces for Asians in Hollywood: women shown as hypersexual and men a meek and asexual. Using content analysis from these seventeen significant Asian American Oscar nominated films, the research showed the presentation of Asian Americaness in a state of transition. These films showed the Western perception of a liminal state between their Asianess and their Americaness.
Ten to fifteen minutes following death, a large release of CO2 is produced in many species when killed by high temperature. Studied in mosquitoes, hissing cockroaches, grasshoppers, and desert harvester ants, this post-mortal peak (PMP) appears to be temperature-dependent and, to our knowledge, does not occur in insects killed by means other than high temperature. Four effects were applied to common house crickets (Acheta domestica) to analyze the origin and properties of the PMP. First, it was shown that the PMP does not occur without oxygen. Second, post-mortal CO2 release was studied as a function of temperature-exposure following death and it was established that the phenomenon is dependent on extreme temperatures and runs to completion when exposed to temperatures above 60°C. Third, basic and buffered solutions were employed to assess the possible involvement of dissolved HCO3- (bicarbonate), the dissolved form of CO2, in production of the peak. Hemolymph factors like bicarbonate did not appear to have an effect on the PMP. Finally, exposure to hydrogen cyanide inhibited the PMP, demonstrating the involvement of mitochondria and cytochrome c oxidase in particular. Together, these results rule out any effect of hemolymph or possible CO2 stores in the body of an insect on the PMP. The PMP occurs as an aerobic mitochondrial reaction that requires high initiation temperatures. We believe that this underlying cause may be mitochondrial breakdown at high-temperatures. More specifically, fluidity of the mitochondrial membranes likely increases with high heat, disabling the established proton gradient and ATP production. The resultant accumulation of electron carriers allows for cyclic, but futile operation of the citric acid cycle and electron transport chain with remaining pyruvate stores.
Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 has been studied in laboratories because of their competence for natural transformation and ability to adapt to different environmental conditions. A previous study has found 30 different genes in A. baylyi ADP1 that are induced by starvation during the long term stationary phase. ACIAD0167 is one of them, encoding a Vgr-like protein. The goal of this study was to test whether ACIAD0167 and other genes in its operon (ACIAD0166, ACIAD0168 and ACIAD0169) are required for twitching motility, or for surviving stressful conditions including heat shock, desiccation and DNA damage. Our study found that ACIAD0167 and the other three genes in the operon play a role in twitching motility in A. baylyi but apparently not in other phenotypes. The likely first gene in the operon, ACIAD0166, was cloned into wild-type ADP1 and over-expression of the gene caused a smaller twitching zone than one produced by wild type cells, further implicating the role of ACIAD0167-containing operon in twitching motility. These results indicate that ACIAD0166, ACIAD0167, ACIAD0168, and ACIAD0169 genes encode proteins, and should no longer be considered “hypothetical” genes. We also found a novel link among ACIAD0167, twitching motility and the type VI secretion system (T6SS). ACIAD0167 is found in the STRING network to be associated with genes involved the T6SS, whose structure resembles an inverted bacteriophage tail.
This paper explores the components of Reading Workshop and argues that this curriculum, when coupled with specific classroom practices, has the potential to strengthen students' literacy skills and cultivate a love of reading.
The current financial aid process requires a vast amount of time and effort from colleges, students, and the government. There is a lack of transparency hindering students from considering college due to their pessimism towards the exorbitant costs and their unawareness of financial aid options. This paper explores the factors that impact prospective students’ decisions to matriculate at Colorado College using a probability distribution model. With admissions data from 2009-2012, I will simulate a simplified rule in which 25% of family income is allocated for tuition and Colorado College pays the difference. Using this new rule, I will analyze the composition of students who are then likely to matriculate and determine the feasibility of the rule. This 25% rule eliminates a significant amount of stress, wasted time, and effort for all components of the financial aid process while maintaining a feasible amount of aid donations.
Since its entrance into the American market, Hyundai Motor Company has transformed itself from an auto producer that was known for its poor quality and low price to one with a substantial market share, and stealing customers away from many industry veterans, as well as pushing into the luxury segment of the auto market. But how was this late-moving car maker able to gain an advantage in this extremely competitive market? This thesis attempts to answer this question through the method of archival research that results in a detailed history of the company as well as a case study that examines which factors were crucial to Hyundai Motor Company's success. This case study found that there were four key areas of the company’s business that assisted it in achieving the accomplishments that it did: a unique culture, a flexible production strategy, a constantly evolving positioning strategy, and an extremely perceptive marketing team.
Health research has been rapidly growing within the realm of development economics. A recent and important question is whether national health expenditures significantly influence the health outcomes of a nation. While health budgets increase by millions of dollars every year, there is no consensus on whether these increases have a positive effect on overall medical care. Using macro-economic data from 155 developed, transition, and developing nations, I provide econometric evidence towards this question. Furthermore, I attempt to show variable returns to scale by separating the country set into four human development levels. The results show a significant and positive relationship between health expenditures and health outcomes, but fail to show a trend in returns to scale.
For some, the Chinese collective mentality has proved an insurmountable barrier for foreign direct investment in China, while others have ridden it to success. Engrained in the culture, this decidedly eastern perspective has become somewhat imperative knowledge for any business that looks for success in the Middle Kingdom. Through annual reports and letters to shareholders we can understand corporate intent, while analysis of advertisements can shed light on companies localization strategies. Successful companies incorporated localization strategies of nationalism, collectivism, and heightened sensitivity to local tastes. These advertising tendencies along with joint venture opportunities and effective brand management have been key components to bring Western strategies to the East.
In these uncertain economic times, investors are looking for assets that can hedge against risk in other investments. Diamonds are a safe investment and there is a diamond for every investor. To date, very few studies offer information about diamond pricing or diamond pricing analysis. This paper examines whether specific diamond characteristics outperform or underperform the average diamond for a given investment period. The data examined here include prices for two months of the year for 24 years. Using a random effects generalized least squares model, this paper finds that for a ten year investment period, large round diamonds with low colors and clarities perform very well, while high quality 1.00 carat diamonds perform poorly over a ten year investment window. The Study’s results inform current, and future diamond investor’s decisions.
Mergers and acquisitions create situations where target CEOs may not act in the best interest of the shareholders. Further, the type of financing used in these acquisitions skew incentives in differing ways and may depend on market conditions. Using quantitative analysis this paper explores the relationship between managerial horizons of target firms and acquisition payment methods. Specifically, it is anticipated that more stock use coincides with shorter managerial decision-making horizons of target firms.
Scarcity of water resources necessitates an understanding of residential water pricing and demand, two factors certain to affect water usage in the coming years. This paper pursues a discussion of water pricing theory and previous studies on residential water demand. The culmination of the paper is an analysis of residential water demand in Colorado Springs, Colorado, a city reliant on water from the Colorado River Basin, a seriously stressed water system. A fixed-effect regression with Driscoll-Kraay standard errors is utilized to analyze a panel data set providing average monthly residential water consumption per cubic feet (CF), for forty water consumption zones over the ten-year period January 2000 to December 2009. The study analyzes a number of exogenous variables including average education level to determine the influence of less obvious factors on residential water consumption. Main findings indicate increases in most measures of wealth corresponded positively with residential consumption, but not all. Above average education levels of certain age groups and household value are suggested to have negative relationships with water consumption, so that areas with above average education levels of 18-24 year olds are using less water. For the stressed Colorado River Basin these finding suggest increased investment in education, and full accounting for the price of water resources under block rate schedules will serve effective tools for water demand management.
Government-sponsored educational benefit programs for veterans have evolved throughout the years to meet the needs of military students. The growth of these programs has had a significant impact on schools’ growth and proliferation, and they are often considered partially responsible for the shift in cultural perception of post-secondary learning. As the value of a post-secondary degree has increased exponentially over the years, veteran benefit programs have evolved to meet the changing needs of veteran students. The relatively recent proliferation of for-profit colleges and universities is sometimes considered a threat to the effectiveness of these programs, as they aggressively target and recruit students with eligibility for these military benefits. In considering the subpar financial outcomes of for-profit schools graduates, we seek to determine the effects that the growth of these schools has had of the effectiveness of educational benefits for veterans. We find that receipt of veterans’ benefits increases the chances of enrolling at a for-profit school while limiting students’ satisfaction with the academic programs. Though the effects on deciding if and how to pursue higher education are negligible, the decreased satisfaction combined with the higher chance of enrollment at a for-profit school suggest a serious decrease in the effectiveness of these programs.
The home video game industry has become one of the largest industries in the United States; until recently it has seen steady growth. With the introduction and rapid growth of smartphone and tablet gaming there has been a drop off in sales for the industry. This paper defines the industry as it was and creates theoretical framework that attempts to explain the ways that tablet and smartphone games could be affecting the home video game console industry. The model uses a finite horizon sequential game model to capture the effects of competition within the industry and heterogeneity of consumer console preferences as well as effects of smartphone/ tablet computer ownership on consumer preferences.
The main focus of this study is to take an economic approach to cheating in collegiate football. The literature on the economic structure of the NCAA and the literature on cheating in competition occupy two distinct knowledge bases. This paper seeks to combine these two literatures through a game theory approach to cheating in NCAA football. A cheating game is defined and a best response function is derived. A simplified game is then used to solve for a close form solution to the best response function. This closed form solution supports the fact that the structure of the NCAA encourages teams to cheat. A empirical model will is used to verify the nature of the NCAA’s enforcement strategies. This model implies that the NCAA indirectly monitors its member institutions.
My recital consists of an assortment of romantic art songs from the European concert tradition. These art songs cover many musical and emotional treatments of love, while all are confined to the masculine hetero-normative perspective on romantic love. My purpose is to demonstrate that, more than just entertainment, these songs are cultural artifacts through which one can discover past musical and social paradigms. The recital is sectioned by language and location which serves to illuminate the specific movements and characteristics of different areas of western culture. Accordingly, this paper provides a brief background and description of terms before examining each of the composers and pieces.
This thesis examines the psychological effects of TaKeTiNa, a practice that incorporates music and movement in a group setting. TaKeTiNa is non-religious yet traditionally based, and involves the complex layering of rhythms in order to benefit the mind and body of the participant. Health benefits include increased heart rate variability, brain synchronization, and decreased pain; further psychological benefits have been noted in patients with schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, though research has not been conducted in this area. This paper discusses the practice and principles of TaKeTiNa, and the psychological healing of one TaKeTiNa instructor who overcame challenges of posttraumatic stress disorder through the rhythmic process. For this research, ethnographic data was collected and interpreted alongside secondary sources. The TaKeTiNa process allowed the instructor to experience psychological healing through the rediscovery of forgotten emotions and re-integration with society. Similar findings have been reported in veterans and addicts who participate in group drumming therapy. Through its rhythmic complexity and movement aspects, TaKeTiNa also provides significant physical benefits that allow for a more holistic healing process. By examining such a practice in detail, more can be understood about music as a psychological healing tool, and further connections can be made between traditional musical healing practices and modern medicine.
In honor of the twentieth anniversary of Gamelan at Colorado College: featuring Gamelan Tunjung Sari and Gamelan Santi Suara (Colorado College), Gamelan Candra Wyoga (University of Wyoming), Gamelan Genta Kencana (University of Colorado at Boulder), Gamelan Krama Bali (Balinese Community), Gamelan Manik Kusuma (Metropolitan State University of Denver), Gamelan Tunas Mekar (Denver) and The Bowed Piano Ensemble (Colorado College).