This poster was created for the event "I <3 (Female) Orgasm", held on April 24, 2013 at 7:00 p.m., in the Cornerstone Theater on the Colorado College Campus. The event included a presentation by guest speakers Marshall Miller and Kate Weinberg. The event is sponsored by: OrgasmiCC, CCSGA, President Tiefenthaler’s Discretionary Fund, Heather Horton and the Wellness Resource Center, The Sociology Department, The Feminist and Gender Studies Department, Advocates for Choice, and The Psychology Department.
Minutes of the Colorado College Student Government Association Full Council meeting held on February 19, 2013.
The Purple Paper : Politics Monthly is the newsletter of the CC Dems, CC Repubs and the Collaborative for Community Engagement.
The Purple Paper : Politics Monthly is the newsletter of the CC Dems, CC Repubs and the Collaborative for Community Engagement.
Phytoplankton perform a crucial role in ecosystems, as they are responsible for about half of global oxygen production and serve as a major component of biogeochemical nutrient cycling. Long-term trends, bloom patterns, and environmental drivers of the marine diatom Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii were studied. T. nordenskioeldii is abundant in Narragansett Bay seasonally, representing up to 44% of winter diatoms some years, being most prevalent in water from -1 to 1 °C. Water temperature in Narragansett Bay during the T. nordenskioeldii bloom window has increased over 1°C since 1959, which may push winter water temperature past T. nordenskioeldii’s optimal in-situ habitat conditions. As climate change continues, increasing water temperatures may alter T. nordenskioeldii bloom patterns. The data analyzed came from a time-series of weekly observations in lower Narragansett Bay, spanning from 1959-2011. Long-term trends show elevated abundance in 1960s and 1970s, followed by declining abundance through 1980s and 1990s. Populations increased in 2000s, but not to the same magnitude seen early in the time-series. Embedded in the long-term pattern were 53-month cycles, with an apparent disappearance in recent years. Cardinal characters were assigned to bloom characteristics (initiation, peak, duration, etc.) and used for analysis. Perhaps most noteworthy was the high variation exhibited, with blooms initiating anywhere from early December to early April and maximum bloom magnitude ranging from 96 to 8137 cells/ml. Multivariate statistical analyses identified three bloom types: an early, moderate bloom; a later intense bloom; and a late bloom with low abundance. Intense blooms came in winters with reduced river flow (37.3 m3/sec) and cold surface water temperatures (3.8°C), compared to smaller blooms occurring in winters with increased river flow (42.4-49.6 m3/sec) and warmer water (4.2-4.6°C). Understanding trends and bloom parameters of T. nordenskioeldii will allow for appropriate analysis of climate effects and prediction of future impacts.
Urban agriculture has had a strong presence in American cities throughout history, whether from concerns of food security or desires for green spaces. In the past two decades, gardens have made a large comeback due to grassroots and community desire to build community and partake in the local food movement. Common literature has agreed on the benefits that gardens can provide for cities, but no study has found what it specifically takes to establish gardens successfully, in order for their benefits to consistently show for the long-term. This study determines what factors are necessary to establish community gardens with longevity in mind. Through extensive analysis of existing literature, this study finds that the three largest factors for establishing and maintaining community gardens are community interest, support for resources, and organized structure. This study then examines how these factors are specifically at play in Colorado Springs, as the city’s budding interest in gardening makes for an exemplary case study. For Colorado Springs, this study finds that while community interest and mechanisms for resource support are present when it comes to establishing gardens, in terms of longevity, a lack of consistent structure for supporting and maintaining community gardens could hinder the longevity of community gardens. It is proposed that more organization and structure for the gardens, especially in regards to leadership development, can promote the success of these gardens, as well as other gardens nation-wide, for the future by making gardens more self-sustaining.
A video created by Colorado College students as part of the course, FG110 Introduction to Feminist and Gender Studies, taught by Assistant Professor Heidi Lewis during Block 5, 2013.
I produced two versions of the opening scene from David Mamet’s Glengarry Glen Ross, one filmed and one performed live. I sought to examine how the characteristics and possibilities specific to film and theatre could be applied to the same piece of text. This process provided me with a chance to proficiently translate my skills as an actor into prowess as a director by re-examining my training and beginning to understand how one translates an understanding of a story and a character into language that can be used to direct others.
Transnational advocacy networks (TANs) play an important role in restructuring global governance and maintaining international norms. Recent literature has amassed highlighting the role of transnational advocacy networks, movements, and coalitions in the promotion of international human rights norms. Drawing on social movement theory and literature on transnational advocacy networks, this paper analyzes the dynamics of transnational movement activity surrounding Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Bill. I argue that Ugandan human rights activists strategize with international actors to both strengthen the local movement and conceal Western power. Secondly, the case in Uganda highlights the presence of competing networks working to both promote and limit LGBT rights. Although Ugandan human rights activists are able to overcome traditional North-South power imbalances to a certain extent, they rely on the international community’s implicit pressure and structural power to exhibit influence over the Ugandan government.
This study utilizes shelter intake survey data from TESSA, a domestic violence resource agency in Colorado Springs, Colorado, to analyze the relationships between victim demographics and experiences with various forms of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). This study also addresses Michael Johnson’s Intimate Terrorism and Situational Couple Violence typologies and analyses the relationship between gender and control among IPV victims and perpetrators. Finally, this thesis considers the question of cumulative abuse as an indicator of abuse severity. Findings suggest that when the role of controlling behavior is considered, both gender-symmetrical and gender-asymmetrical forms of abuse can be identified in one sample. Specifically, highly controlling behaviors are more often perpetrated by males against female victims, but more event-specific and less controlling behaviors are perpetrated and experienced by males and females at roughly the same rates. Finally, findings suggest that cumulative abuse may be a proxy for control in predicting abuse severity.
Restorative justice seeks to repair harm by bringing together those involved in and affected by an offense in order to address their needs and impose obligations. However, the field of restorative justice has become increasingly undefined due to its expansion over the last couple of decades. Moreover, existing empirical research on restorative justice predominantly evaluates its effectiveness and then grounds its finding in restorative justice theory. This thesis uses interviews and participant observation to demonstrate the connection between the theory and practice of restorative justice group and family conferences and the tradition of social theory. I argue that restorative justice reflects the theories of Emile Durkheim, George Herbert Mead, Jürgen Habermas, and Ivan Illich. Threads of their theories are evident in how the structure of restorative justice conferences creates the conditions for the process of communication to occur, which then facilitates the realization of abstract values and strengthens community. By explaining the role of this implicit yet significant logic, I locate restorative justice within a broad historical process of social theory to illustrate its potential foundations.
The power of maps have gone widely unnoticed in everyday life. How maps have created the realities that people conceive today are defined by maps and those who create them. However, through this thesis, the power of maps comes into question with the introduction of international entities and laws such as the United Nations and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). This thesis goes to show how maps have lost this power in the South China Sea Dispute between China, Vietnam and the Philippines through an analysis of maps created by each country in comparison to the author's own maps based on an interpretation of UNCLOS. Also in the thesis, the author shows how the Philippines, through his own interpretation of international law and analysis, have a claim in the South China Sea Dispute that is stronger than the others based on his interpretations of UNCLOS.
Poster created to inform Colorado College students about an opportunity to study in Shanghai, China during Spring semester, 2014.
For centuries scholars have assumed that a ubiquitous deterioration in quality of life occurred throughout the former Western Roman Empire following its collapse in the 5th century AD. This presumption is largely the result of a lack of understanding of the common people and the so-called “barbarians.” My research addresses this gap in the literature through the bioarchaeological analysis of the impact of the Vandal occupation of the Roman city of Sanisera on the island of Menorca, Spain during the 5th-6th centuries AD. The frequencies of osteological indicators of pathological conditions are calculated and compared to frequencies at other sites throughout the Empire dated to before, during, and after the barbarian invasions and collapse of the Western Roman Empire. This data is used to determine relative quality of life and the level of continuity in health between Roman and Vandal rule. The indicators analyzed are dental caries, dental calculus, abscesses, antemortem tooth loss (AMTL), periodontal disease, dental enamel hypoplasias (DEH), traumas including fractures and dislocations, periostitis, osteomyelitis, degenerative joint disease, osteophytosis, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. The results indicate a high rate of disease at Sanisera, likely as a result of the plague that swept the region during this period. The diet was relatively balanced and nutritious, and the level of mechanical stress was normal for a rural, non-mechanized society. Overall, these results indicate that the average level of health at Sanisera was relatively good for a rural, non-mechanized society from antiquity. The level of health seen at Sanisera is consistent with other sites prior to the collapse of the Empire, implying that the Vandal occupation of the island did not result in a decline in the quality of life of its inhabitants.
Using the framework of schema theory from cognitive anthropology as implemented by Roy G. D’Andrade (1995) and Claudia Strauss and Naomi Quinn (1997), the current study analyzes the language use of participants in an eating disorder support group meeting, of three interviewees who have a history of at least one eating disorder, and of three interviewees who have played a role in eating disorder treatment: a licensed professional counselor who works as a research associate for a biomedical organization, a registered dietician who works in private practice at an organization with a multidimensional approach to food and body issues, and a recent graduate of a master’s in acupuncture and Oriental medicine program who intends to specialize in the treatment of eating disorders. The study took place in and around Portland, OR. It culminated in four schemas related to eating from the viewpoint of individuals with eating disorders, which pointed to an underlying metaphor linking eating and being. The practitioners’ language use reflected acknowledgment of these schemas and of the metaphor driving them at varying degrees. Therefore this study concludes that eating disorder treatment necessitates a complementary approach involving biomedicine primarily in extreme cases, the holistic thinking of Oriental medicine, the philosophy of intuitive eating, and support from loved ones—at the table and elsewhere.
Child labor is an on-going phenomenon in developing countries. In the world, International Labour Organization (2002) estimates 250 million children to be a part of child workforce. There have been many studies done at the microeconomic level to explain why child labor occurs and what can be done to end it. There are also a growing number of country-specific studies such as one on Vietnam by Erik Edmonds and another on Tanzania by Kathleen Beegle. The country I will study for this thesis is Nepal. In Nepal, there are child labor laws that restrict child labor to children 14 years old and older and are restricted from hazardous work. However in occasional interviews and surveys, they have found that children are still being employed for work. Another important aspect of child labor is the lack of education. In Nepal, the government has been forward thinking enough to provide free primary education and free textbooks for eligible students, but other costs of attendance are a heavy burden on the poor families. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the determinants of child labor in Nepal and to address how the current law in Nepal is affecting the children’s education, child labor, and ultimately the overall quality of life in the country. Idealistically, to find possible steps that could make a difference on child labor and a course of action that could eventually eliminate or minimalize the extent of child labor.
For some, the Chinese collective mentality has proved an insurmountable barrier for foreign direct investment in China, while others have ridden it to success. Engrained in the culture, this decidedly eastern perspective has become somewhat imperative knowledge for any business that looks for success in the Middle Kingdom. Through annual reports and letters to shareholders we can understand corporate intent, while analysis of advertisements can shed light on companies localization strategies. Successful companies incorporated localization strategies of nationalism, collectivism, and heightened sensitivity to local tastes. These advertising tendencies along with joint venture opportunities and effective brand management have been key components to bring Western strategies to the East.
The objective of this paper is to test how the local economic structure (local sectoral specialization and diversity, competition, average firms size and total employment density) affects the 2004-2006 local employment growth in 379 administrative regions of Poland. In particular, we estimate a reduced form equation as in Combes (2000) for four different sectors of economy (agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing, industry and construction, market services, non-market services). We find evidence for both MAR and Jacobs externalities in the services sectors. Industrial sectors tend to be influenced only by MAR externalities. Furthermore, we examine and find the issue of spatial correlation in our data. Hence, spatially lagged and error models are used with no major change in the overall effects. Moreover, we learn that even for very short periods of time, dynamic externalities tend to be helpful in terms of explaining changes in local employment growth. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of this kind to analyze both industrial and services sector of Eastern European economy.
Sport betting markets, much like financial markets, contain mixed beliefs on whether or not they are efficient. The purpose of this thesis is to test market efficiency in the National Football League point spread market. In addition, this study explores the theoretical implications of a sports wager on a bettor’s expected profit. The relationship between the efficient market winning percentage and the break-even winning percentage is constant with any given probability of a push. Data from the 2008-2009 through the 2012-2013 NFL regular seasons show that market inefficiencies exist; and as a result, promote long-term strategies where a profit is expected.
Previous studies have attempted to draw conclusions on the impact athletic success has on annual giving. There has yet to be conclusive data on this topic. This study will attempt to build on previous research by including more athletic success variables in the model. This study includes data for football, men’s and women’s basketball at Division I and Division III institutions. A separate ordinary least squares regression model was used for each form of annual giving, which included alumni giving, board giving and athletic giving, to identify the determinants of each. The results found for each variable differs depending on the form of giving. Women’s athletic success had an influence on annual donations whereas men’s sports did not and this was the only consistent result across all models. Overall, the results indicate that athletic success does not seem to have a significant impact on annual donations.
This study investigates whether socially responsible (CSR) firms behave responsibly in their financial reporting, specifically by constraining earnings management. This study first clarifies what a CSR firm is and identifies socially responsible firms through the KLD database. Three methods are used to detect earnings management—abnormal discretionary accruals, abnormal cash flows from operations and abnormal cash flows to net income ratios. This study concludes that CSR firms are less likely than their industry counterparts to participate in sales manipulations, are more likely to have higher cash flows from operations, and are more likely to have higher quality of earnings.
The main focus of this study is to take an economic approach to cheating in collegiate football. The literature on the economic structure of the NCAA and the literature on cheating in competition occupy two distinct knowledge bases. This paper seeks to combine these two literatures through a game theory approach to cheating in NCAA football. A cheating game is defined and a best response function is derived. A simplified game is then used to solve for a close form solution to the best response function. This closed form solution supports the fact that the structure of the NCAA encourages teams to cheat. A empirical model will is used to verify the nature of the NCAA’s enforcement strategies. This model implies that the NCAA indirectly monitors its member institutions.