The Monthly Rag, a publication of the Feminist and Gender Studies interns, is found affixed to toilet stall walls around the Colorado College campus.
This student publication, in association with the Native American Student Union and the Southwest Studies department, hopes to provide an avenue to explore the historical, mythical and contemporary narratives of Southern California, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Colorado and Northern Mexico.
At first glance, the Chechens and Volga Tatars share several similarities. Both ethnic groups have religious traditions rooted in a regionally particular form of Islam. This is the Khanafi school of Sunni Islam, which combines traditional, Muslim law (Shariah) with local customs influenced by Sufi brotherhoods. In addition, both Chechens and Volga Tatars were incorporated into the Russian Tsarist Empire against their will as a result of military conquest. Moreover, both peoples suffered mightily during the repressive Stalinist period, but also experienced certain degrees of modernization, urbanization and industrialization. Lastly, both peoples occupied similar rungs in the Soviet hierarchy, meaning that each was the titular people of an autonomous republic. The Volga Tatars of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (TASSR) were incorporated into the USSR on May 27th 1920 and the Chechens of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (CIASSR) were incorporated on December 5th 1936. However, the trajectory of the Post-Soviet transition has resulted in very different outcomes for these two peoples. In Chechnya, the transition brought to power General Dzhokhar Dudaev, a radical separatist, who did not flinch from the prospect of war with Russia. On the other hand, Tatarstan won substantial autonomy from Russia without using violence. This paper aims to answer the question: why did these outcomes diverge so drastically? This question can be answered in various ways. In the first chapter, I will address the basic geographic and demographic differences between the two societies. In the second chapter, I will explore the differences in the long-term historical experiences among the Volga Tatars and Chechens and the impacts the Tsarist Empire and Soviet Union had on their respective societies. In the third chapter, I will examine Russia’s insecurities regarding its level of civilization and their efforts to “orientalize” the Caucasus as a means of better defining Russian identity. I will use Edward Said’s Orientalism as a theoretical lens of analysis. In the fourth chapter, I will outline the differences between the two republic’s political developments in post-Soviet transition and the vital distinctions in the democratic processes. In this section, religion and its role in each society’s respective politics will become apparent. In the final chapter, the aftermath of the two wars with Chechnya will be examined and the correlated socio-economic problems as well as the contrasting socio-economic situation in Tatarstan today. In this section I will specifically stress the significance of the Kadyrov family on modern day Chechnya and prospects for the future.
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in what drives the diffusion of knowledge. Recent studies have utilized epidemiological models to track the spread and growth of new academic disciplines. This study quantitatively examines 20 years of publication data in Economics, using modified epidemiological models to find the parameters under which these fields evolve. Looking at the quantitative results for 755 JEL codes, intriguing trends are found in the data. These quantitative outputs provide interesting conclusions not only about specific JEL’s, but also suggest that the characteristics of individuals in a given field can have a significant impact on the development of a field. Specifically, our results indicate that individuals who are charismatic and sociable can have a significant impact on furthering the growth of their discipline.
Economic literature has long shown that capital flows and their volatilities are important for the development, growth and economic stability of economies. Developing countries have been increasingly integrated into the world market exposing their capital inflows to global shocks in addition to domestic shocks driven by country specific characteristics. This paper aims to quantify the effects of the global and domestic factors on capital inflows using FDI as a proxy. Using panel data for 84 countries spanning 1970-2009, the model was estimated using fixed effects. There are four major findings from this study. First, the importance of global and country specific effects depends on the country ‘s stage of development. In particular, financial depth is the only important contributor to FDI in emerging countries. Second, the 2008 Financial crisis positively affected the inflows to developing countries showing a redistribution of assets by investors. Third, the insignificance of exchange rate risk for FDI may indicate the ability of investors to hedge against exchange rate risk.
Marijuana legislation in the United States dates back to the early twentieth century. History has shown how policymakers have twisted the creed of marijuana to something dangerous and deadly. Yet, recent years have shown how individual states have been able to reduce the stigma surrounding this drug. Proposition 19 was defeated in California during November of 2010. This proposition would have legalized the consumption, production, and possession of marijuana in California for adults 21 years of age and older. This thesis illustrates the fiscal benefits that might be realized if marijuana were legalized, regulated, and taxed. While other results have recently been produced, this paper combines data, theory, and estimates from a number of renowned sources, to find the potential tax revenue that could be generated from legalization. The results are compiled with current budget deficit and revenue figures, to find the overarching fiscal impact. While others have offered different outcomes, the results indicate that legalization will only slightly improve the monetary situation in California.
Homes are a permanent fixture in the “American Dream”, representing security, wealth, and social placement. However, the growing number of subprime mortgages that were granted over the past decade has been blamed for the financial crash of 2007 from which we are still recovering. These subprime mortgages carried too much “systematic risk”. I define systematic risk herein as the risk of collapse of an entire financial system or an entire market due to an external factor such as falling house prices or a failing economy. After the financial crash, the packaging of these mortgages into collateral debt obligations (CDOs) has received intense scrutiny. Only after housing prices started deteriorating did the rating agencies that rated these CDOs issue substantial downgrades to securities that, even a year before, they had rated as safe as government-issued bonds. Could a crisis this severe have been the result of the sheer size of the subprime market? Did rating agencies not see a decline coming? I will address these questions, and make my case that within the last twelve years, increasing leverage within the subprime mortgage market had the most substantial impact on increasing systematic risk. This will include a comparison of my research to the revised 2009 Moody’s rating agency model that accounts for increased levels of correlation in its ratings.
Research pertaining to CEO performance recognizes that a CEO’s true quality and character are most conspicuous during tough times. Ever since the economic crisis of 2008 the economy has been sluggish at best. The condition of the economy at that time provides an optimal opportunity to conduct a performance evaluation of CEOs. They sit at the helm of corporations that dictate the productivity and prosperity of our country. Their performance has an indirect effect on the socioeconomic standing of everyone else in the economy. Therefore, it is important to identify the dynamics that enable the holder of such a powerful position to be successful. Using regression analysis of data collected via a quantitative analysis of CEOs’ letters to shareholders, this thesis examines determinants of CEO success.
The efficient market hypothesis fails to fully explain market behavior. Behavioral economics is a new field that contributes insights to stock market analysis. Throughout history there have been many panics and crashes, with the most recent one being the 2008 housing bubble. This thesis seeks to find evidence and explain, through behavioral economic theory, why investors panic and behave irrationally to bad news. It will utilize the asymmetric utility function along with other behavioral economic theory to find evidence through the market reaction to good quarterly earnings reports and bad quarterly earnings reports. This thesis hopes to show that good news and bad news of equal magnitude result in different reactions in the stock market, as measured through share price and trading volume.
Mergers and strategic alliances, two forms of strategic restructuring that are normally associated with the private sector, are becoming increasingly popular in the nonprofit sector. The board of directors is among the key stakeholders who generally have a role in the strategic restructuring process. This thesis takes an in-depth look at what the merger and strategic alliance process looks like for three recent cases in the Colorado Springs area, as well as what the board of director’s role was in those processes. Interviews were conducted with eleven board members, executives and staff members at AspenPointe, the Pikes Peak YMCA, former USO of the Pikes Peak Region, Partners in Housing, and the Myron Stratton Home. The findings show that the board has an integral and complex role in the nonprofit merger and strategic alliance process.
While leadership experts have found compelling evidence to support the argument that the undergraduate years, and the institutions themselves play a pivotal role in developing leadership capabilities, colleges and universities need to question whether or not they fit this profile. Colorado College, one of seven schools in the nation under a block system, has never been the focus of such investigations, and while some parameters may include it by default, the question that remains is: do the results found in these studies on leadership development for non-block institutions still hold when tested against the unconventional elements intrinsic to a block system school like Colorado College? Even though this investigation does not include the alumni records from similar non-block institutions, the results found in this study will hopefully provide enough information to signal if the theories presented in the literature are applicable to and accurately representative of Colorado College’s demographic.
As the Internet becomes an increasingly popular medium in which to conduct business, strategists have argued over the best generic strategy for online firms, and one topic that has remained controversial is first-mover advantage theory. This thesis looks at first-mover advantage and the electronic commerce industry. In particular, it will study the effects of pioneering status on consumer cognition (specifically retrieval, recall, and preference) in the online travel-booking industry. By replicating the methods and analysis of a previous survey-based approach study conducted by Alpert and Kamins (“An Empirical Investigation of Consumer Memory, Attitude, and Perceptions Toward Pioneer and Follower Brands”), this thesis was able to analyze how a convenience sampling of Colorado College students think about the pioneer brand in the online travel-booking industry. A close analysis of the survey results rejects the three initial hypotheses that favor the pioneer.
Recurring famines and droughts have weakened the Ethiopian agricultural sector since the 1970s. A number of theories addressing food security affirm that hunger and destitution in rural areas are caused by shortages in food supply. This thesis argues that the fragile food security status of Ethiopia is a result of inadequate land management systems. Land tenure policies play a key role in the livelihood stability of rural communities. This study hypothesizes that improvements in land tenure security can create resilient livelihood systems. The Agro-Ecological Zones model developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization serves as a theoretical framework for the research. A multidimensional regression model assesses the impact of the current land registration initiative being pursued by the Ethiopian government on the value of food crops.
Marketing strategies have changed over the last few decades and are still changing. Marketing managers need to realize these changes in marketing strategies and use them effectively to market to the changing demographic of skiers. Skiers are getting older and the numbers of advanced skiers is increasing, but as they get older more and more of the baby boomer generation is exiting the sport there needs to be a strong effort to encourage younger and newer participants to avidly pursue the sport and more importantly start them at your resort and keep them as lifelong participants. The purpose of this thesis is to research different marketing strategies and campaigns so that resort marketers can determine where and how to allocate them. In addition it will determine which marketable expenditures positively affect skier visits.
This paper investigates the hypothesis of rational addiction theory as it pertains to Bulimia Nervosa. Bulimia is currently classified as a mental health disorder, and while psychological studies often allude to the addictive nature of the disorder, it is imperative to reinforce theory with empirical data. A rational addiction model is derived through the maximization of the agent’s utility function, which incorporates measures of bulimia and bulimic risk factors that are supported by the existing literature. The theoretical model was tested on an empirical data set collected from a study conducted by the National Heart Lung and Blood institute. The dependent variable was an index constructed for the purpose of measuring one’s severity of bulimic behaviors and tendencies. Emphasis was placed on the significance of the lagged variable on bulimia as a method of capturing persistence in behavior over time. The results found that lagged and lead variables of the bulimic index each accounted for about 12% - 20% of current bulimic behavior.
In this series, three key axioms—stockholder wealth maximization, the risk-return tradeoff, and agency conflicts—are applied to the major topics in financial management. The current article looks at mergers and acquisitions, reviewing the presumed motivations, the ethical challenges, and the literature dedicated to this financial activity.
KRDO interview with Guy Van Arsdale, head coach of the Colorado College Men's Lacrosse Team. Van Arsdale, who is in his second year at CC, has led the team to its second consecutive Southern Collegiate Athletics Conference (SCAC) title and first birth in the National Collegiate Athletic Conference tournament (NCAA).
KRDO interview with Colorado College lacrosse player Zach Hoisington, who talks about what it means to be part of the first senior class to carry the undefeated team (15-0) to its first NCAA tournament.