This porphyritic sample contains phenocrysts of augite, olivine, and pseudoleucite. Olivine has an iddingsite rim when in contact with the groundmass. The pseudoleucite phenocrysts are a colorless and cloudy, roundish eight-sided crystals with first-order grey birefringence and extinction occurs in amoeboid-shaped sections within the phenocryst. These same pseudoleucite crystals make up the majority of the groundmass, along with calcite, k-feldspar and other alteration products. Three copies of this thin section contain the contact zone itself, with a calcite and clay-rich, layered Eagle sandstone.
Most noteworthy in this sample are the millimeter-scale, euhedral, augite crystals with compositional zoning, twinning, more magnesian rims. Biotite is the subhedral phenocrystic phase in this sample and both are surrounded by interstitial nephaline. Several nephaline grains display micrographic-like intergrowths with a cloudy, difficult to identify phase. Equant olivine grains are frequently found as inclusions within pyroxene and biotite phenocrysts. Euhedral apatite are found throughout.
This is a very hypidiomorphic coarse-grained sample consisting of large grains of augite, frequently intergrown with opaques, and intergrown k-feldspar and nephaline. Augite is found altering to biotite. Radiating splays of zeolite are present to varying degrees within the three copies of this thin section.
The bulk of this thin section is augite. In plane polarized light, these grains have pleochroic rims of differing composition, which translates to concentric zoning in cross-polarized light. Twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.
Subhedral biotite and uralitized augite crystals are the prominent mafic phases in this sample, though olivine is also present in lesser amounts and as an inclusion in one of the two other mafic phases. K-feldspar, zeolites, and apatite are the primary leucocratic constituents. There is a good deal of intergrowth between and alteration of minerals in this thin section.
This porphyroclastic thin section has a groundmass dominated by k-feldspar and zeolites, though other phases may be present in lesser amounts. The phenocrysts are euhedral augite and olivine, which are frequently found clustered together in glomeroporphyroclasts. The olivine is consistently rimmed by iddingsite and the augite frequently displays concentric zoning. Tiny crystals of equant apatite and rounded opaques thoroughly pepper the thin section.
A few biotite phenocrysts punctuation this sample's fine-grained groundmass of unoriented elongate biotite, k-feldspar, nephaline crystals and anhedral calcite masses.
The largest crystals in this sample are augite, in which twinning is common, as is alteration to a mixture of chlorite and biotite, and the formation of glomeroporphyroclasts. Chlorite and biotite also are found rimming olivine grains, which are themselves clustered with augite and biotite crystals. The mafic phases are typically subhedral in shape, in contrast to the nephaline, k-feldspar, and zeolites which are anhedrally intergrown together in the interstices between augite crystals.
This coarse-grained sample contains phenocrysts of a wide variety of size and composition. The largest, visible in hand sample as whitish spheres with obvious rims, are intergrown, wedge-shaped k-feldspars and radiating blades of natrolite. A dusting of sericite throughout the k-feldspar gives a cloudy appearance to the these mineral aggregates. Randomly oriented grains of these same phases comprise the bulk of the 'groundmass' for this sample. Augite phenocrysts are the dominant mafic phase and display a variable degree of alteration to iddingsite?. A few grains of arfvedsonite can be seen associated with the pyroxenes.
Randomly oriented biotite phenocrysts dominate this thin section. The interstices between phenocrysts contain prisms of k-feldspar, anhedral masses of calcite and nephaline, and radial splays of muscovite. Opaques are equant and up to 0.5mm in diameter. The nephaline phase has a bluish cast in cross-polarized light. The groundmass phases are cross-cut by a mesh-work of clays and various alteration products. Slightly diamond-shaped rutile is pervasive throughout.
This hypocrystalline thin section contains euhedral to subhedral phenocrysts of augite and eight-sided, rounded, phenocrysts of a colorless, moderate-relief, very weakly birefringent mineral, perhaps leucite, sodalite, or analcite. The groundmass of indistinct, microlitic k-feldspar and pyroxene is rich with equant opaques and cloudy in appearance.
Phenocrysts in this thin section are of augite, biotite, and opaques. Uralitization of augite is observed in one region of the sample and is absent elsewhere. One augite crystal appears dendritically intergrown with opaques. Nephaline, which is the dominant groundmass mineral, appears intergrown with another mineral though it is unclear which. These intergrowths are spherical in shape and observable at the macroscopic scale. Prismatic and radiating fibers of zeolites are found throughout. Apatite crystals span a great range of sizes with the longest crystals reaching more than a millimeter in length. Apatite crystals of a smaller size pervade the nephaline phase.
The dominant mafic phase in this thin section is biotite, followed by augite. These two phases comprise the phenocryst population. Due to secondary alteration, the once euhedral grains of augite are now 'patchy' in appearance. The groundmass consists of a cloudy matrix of biotite microlites set amongst a indistinguishable mixture of sanidine and zeolites. Interstitial calcite is found in the groundmass, and can be seen infilling voids in the augite phenocrysts.
The groundmass of this thin section comprises an intergrowth of k-feldspar and nephaline, as well as small euhedral diopsidic-augite crystals, biotite, and apatite. The phenocrystic phases are dominated by augite, many with partial rims of more diopsidic composition, and which are frequently zoned and twinned. Olivine is present adjacent to the pyroxenes and is commonly altered to biotite.
Biotite and olivine dominate this sample. The olivine is frequently twinned and highly fractured. In the interstices between olivine grains grows large, anhedral biotite grains. Both phases have a sieve-like, pock-marked appearance. Rutile and opaques, all equant in shape, are plentiful.