This paper uses an historical lens to contextualize the current water situation in Haiti and the present lack of water infrastructure in the country. Following the 2010 Earthquake, water infrastructure was severely damaged in Port-au-Prince and cholera spread to the country proceeding the earthquake. Point of use water filters have since been used as the most immediate means to ensure quality water within the home and have been prevalent post-earthquake. I began collecting research for this paper in June and July in 2011 in Port-au-Prince, Duchity, and Desab, Haiti. I interviewed 18 households with the help of two Haitians (one translator and one Biosand Filter installer) to learn how Haitian people use Biosand filters in their homes and to learn about the perceptions in improved health due to these filters.
Through the perspective of the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, I examine the factors that decrease earthquake death tolls. I find that each additional dollar of aid per capita received by a nation two years prior to a quake causes a 2.36 percent decline in fatalities from the event; investment in infrastructure has ambiguous results. Furthermore, I conclude that the death toll of the Haitian quake was atypically high when compared to earthquakes of similar magnitude.