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Browsing 425 results for facet Geographic with value of India.
  • Thumbnail for Gender and perfection in the epic heroine : examining what Sita means for women in India today
    Gender and perfection in the epic heroine : examining what Sita means for women in India today by Manning, Rebecca

    Sītā, the heroine of the Rāmāyaṇa, is a remarkably prominent figure in Hinduism. She has made an impact on women of all different types in India. From young girls to older women; from women in rural regions to those in urban centers; from women of the lower class to those of the upper class, Sītā’s presence in India has no boundaries. Sītā as a model has been interpreted variously. On one side, Sītā is held as the ideal Hindu wife and woman. She is always loyal to her husband, Rāma, and sacrifices her own needs for his; she is the pativratā (ideal wife) in this way. However, despite her label as the ideal wife, numerous feminists have viewed Sītā as a destructive model for women to look up to. Sītā is devoted to Rāma always, even when he treats her cruelly. By using Sītā as a model, women can be subjected to mistreatment from their husbands, and lose their own sense of self-identities. However, whether one accepts or rejects Sītā, the fact that she holds such a large presence today shows that Sītā has something valuable to offer contemporary women. Shown through interviews with contemporary Hindu women and folk songs, it is clear that Sītā is highly revered for her self-sacrificing nature. She undergoes repeated suffering due to Rāma, yet maintains her dignity and continues living with devotion. For contemporary Hindu women, Sītā is a powerful example. Many of these women are also defined by their husbands, and undergo suffering and mistreatment due to them. For these women who identify with the suffering and hardship that Sītā undergoes, by channeling her example of living with fidelity, devotion, and self-sacrifice, they can find meaning and self-respect in their own difficult lives.

  • Thumbnail for Nandi-banner raised on secondary flagpole
    Nandi-banner raised on secondary flagpole

    Priest raises Nandi-banner on a secondary flagpole in Nandi-mandapa, during flag-raising ceremony.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: flag-raising

  • Thumbnail for Rope-pullers, ratha procession
    Rope-pullers, ratha procession

    Rope-pullers and Sundaresvara ratha; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 1982; Keywords: devotees, ratha, procession

  • Thumbnail for Wooden ratha base
    Wooden ratha base

    Wooden base for processional chariot, with initial bamboo superstructure; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 2004; Keywords: vehicles, ratha

  • Thumbnail for Rope-pullers, ratha procession
    Rope-pullers, ratha procession

    Rope-pullers; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 1982; Keywords: devotees, ratha, procession

  • Thumbnail for Nandi Abhiseka
    Nandi Abhiseka

    Priest performs milk abhiseka for Nandi image; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 2004; Keywords: personnel, priests, abhiseka, Nandi

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara in Golden Capparam
    Sundaresvara in Golden Capparam

    Siva Sundaresvara decorated, in golden Capparam vehicle, for 2nd morning procession. Photographer in foreground is Mayan, a writer for the Tamil journal Kumutham.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 2nd morning procession; Keywords: sundaresvara, vehicles

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara coming out of temple
    Sundaresvara coming out of temple

    Siva Sundaresvara emerges from temple during morning procession. The gate is the Ashta shakti Mandapam, on the east side of the temple complex.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 2nd morning procession; Keywords: sundaresvara, processions

  • Thumbnail for Siva's gold purse
    Siva's gold purse

    Siva's gold purse, carried in palanquin around the temple. The gold purse is part of the 3rd day lila.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; gold-purse, in palanquin, in small procession on Chittrai Street.; Keywords: processions, lilas

  • Thumbnail for Priest-as-Siva and two swordsmen
    Priest-as-Siva and two swordsmen

    Priest as Siva, and two swordsmen, at start of 6th day lila; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Lila is Tiruvilaiyatal no. 27; Keywords: personnel, priests, lilas

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara on Kalpataru vehicle
    Sundaresvara on Kalpataru vehicle

    Siva Sundaresvara mounted on Kalpataru (wish-granting tree) vehicle, awaiting 1st procession; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 1st evening procession; Keywords: sundaresvara, vehicles, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi on Lion vehicle
    Minaksi on Lion vehicle

    Minaksi mounted on Lion vehicle, for 1st evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 1st evening procession; Keywords: vehicles, minaksi

  • Thumbnail for Wall painting: Minaksi
    Wall painting: Minaksi

    Wall painting of Minaksi, inside temple corridor. This central panel depicts the marriage of Mianksi and Siva Sundaresvara, officiated by Visnu.; Minaksi temple; Uncompleted wall-painting, in corridor north of Golden Lotus Tank, inside temple complex; Keywords: deities, minaksi, paintings

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara at Avani Mula corner
    Sundaresvara at Avani Mula corner

    Siva Sundaresvara at corner of W. and N. Avani Mula Street. The priest Sivaraj sits with the deity.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 2nd morning procession; Keywords: sundaresvara, processions

  • Thumbnail for Jnanasambandar
    Jnanasambandar

    Jnanasambandar image, before 6th evening procession. On the 6th evening, the great Tamil devotees (nayanmar) of Siva are recognized.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; East Adi Street, near elephant stables; Keywords: nayanmars

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi on Swan Vehicle
    Minaksi on Swan Vehicle

    Minaksi decorated for evening procession, on Swan (anna) vehicle, for 2nd evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 2nd evening procession; at P. C. Muttu Chettiyar pavilion, just before procession; Keywords: minaksi, vehicles, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi
    Minaksi

    Three-breasted Minaksi Statue, in Puthu-mandapa. Constructed in the mid-seventeenth century, during the reign of Tirumalai Nayakkar.; Minaksi temple; Putu-mandapa, SE corner; Keywords: deities, minaksi, mandapas

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi coming out of temple gate
    Minaksi coming out of temple gate

    Minaksi comes out from temple gate, 6th evening procession; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: minaksi, priests, processions

  • Thumbnail for Festivities at Puttuttoppu
    Festivities at Puttuttoppu

    Festivities for children at Puttuttoppu; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: devotees, lilas

  • Thumbnail for Worship of Hanuman Column
    Worship of Hanuman Column

    Devotee worships Hanuman on column, in mandapa of temple complex.; Minaksi temple; column sculpture in mandapa to east of main Sundaresvara sanctum, now heavily worshiped; Keywords: deities, hanuman

  • Thumbnail for Priest-as-Siva addresses deities
    Priest-as-Siva addresses deities

    Priest-as-Siva addresses deities, in Minaksi-Nayakkar Mandapa, as part of 6th day lila. He narrates the story of that day's lila.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: priests, lilas

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi on Golden Horse vehicle
    Minaksi on Golden Horse vehicle

    Minaksi on Golden Horse vehicle, for 8th evening procession; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; in Kalyana-mandapa, waiting for procession to begin; Keywords: minaksi, vehicles, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara on Kailasa Vehicle
    Sundaresvara on Kailasa Vehicle

    Siva Sundaresvara on Kailasa vehicle, 3th evening procession; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Sundaresvara on Kailasa (Ravananugraha) vehicle, 3rd evening procession; Keywords: sundaresvara, vehicles, processions

  • Thumbnail for Purchase of butter lamps, for worship
    Purchase of butter lamps, for worship

    Worshipers purchase butter lamps, for worship of Nine Planets; Minaksi temple; Keywords: deities, planets, devotees

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara on Golden Horse vehicle
    Sundaresvara on Golden Horse vehicle

    Siva Sundaresvara on Golden Horse vehicle.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: sundaresvara, vehicles