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Browsing 425 results for facet Geographic with value of India.
  • Thumbnail for Gender and perfection in the epic heroine : examining what Sita means for women in India today
    Gender and perfection in the epic heroine : examining what Sita means for women in India today by Manning, Rebecca

    Sītā, the heroine of the Rāmāyaṇa, is a remarkably prominent figure in Hinduism. She has made an impact on women of all different types in India. From young girls to older women; from women in rural regions to those in urban centers; from women of the lower class to those of the upper class, Sītā’s presence in India has no boundaries. Sītā as a model has been interpreted variously. On one side, Sītā is held as the ideal Hindu wife and woman. She is always loyal to her husband, Rāma, and sacrifices her own needs for his; she is the pativratā (ideal wife) in this way. However, despite her label as the ideal wife, numerous feminists have viewed Sītā as a destructive model for women to look up to. Sītā is devoted to Rāma always, even when he treats her cruelly. By using Sītā as a model, women can be subjected to mistreatment from their husbands, and lose their own sense of self-identities. However, whether one accepts or rejects Sītā, the fact that she holds such a large presence today shows that Sītā has something valuable to offer contemporary women. Shown through interviews with contemporary Hindu women and folk songs, it is clear that Sītā is highly revered for her self-sacrificing nature. She undergoes repeated suffering due to Rāma, yet maintains her dignity and continues living with devotion. For contemporary Hindu women, Sītā is a powerful example. Many of these women are also defined by their husbands, and undergo suffering and mistreatment due to them. For these women who identify with the suffering and hardship that Sītā undergoes, by channeling her example of living with fidelity, devotion, and self-sacrifice, they can find meaning and self-respect in their own difficult lives.

  • Thumbnail for Temple bullock
    Temple bullock

    Velu and temple bullock, in procession; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 2004; Velu belongs to Chettiyar caste. He looks after temple cows, brings milk for abhisekas; Keywords: personnel, animals

  • Thumbnail for Devotee at temple
    Devotee at temple

    Devotee arrives at temple; pulled the small ters from Salem; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 1982; Devotee has pulled small ters with hook in back, from Salem; Keywords: devotees, vows

  • Thumbnail for Rope-pullers, ratha procession
    Rope-pullers, ratha procession

    Rope-pullers and Sundaresvara ratha; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 1982; Keywords: devotees, ratha, procession

  • Thumbnail for Temple camels
    Temple camels

    Camels during ratha procession; Minaksi temple, Chittrai, 1982; Keywords: animals, procession

  • Thumbnail for Siva's gold purse
    Siva's gold purse

    Siva's gold purse, displayed by Ramani, carried in palanquin around temple. The Executive Officer of the temple, B. Raja, stands to the left.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Ramani (priest) holds up Siva's gold purse (polkiri), E.O. Mr. Raja to left; taken outside west gopuram as purse made procession on Chittrai Street. Tiruvilaiyatal no. 52.; Keywords: processions, lilas

  • Thumbnail for Candrasekhara, during tribute offering
    Candrasekhara, during tribute offering

    Candrasekhara in palanquin, carried during regular tribute offering ceremonies. Candrasekhara is another form of Siva, who wears the moon in his crown.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: deities, tribute

  • Thumbnail for Priest-as-Siva on elephant
    Priest-as-Siva on elephant

    Priest-as-Siva on elephant, in procession. Ashta Shakti Mandapa gateway is in background.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; On Amman Sannathi Street, with part of Minaksi gateway in background; Keywords: priests, lilas, animals, processions

  • Thumbnail for Priest-as-Siva addresses deities
    Priest-as-Siva addresses deities

    Priest-as-Siva addresses deities, in Minaksi-Nayakkar Mandapa, as part of 6th day lila. He narrates the story of that day's lila.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: priests, lilas

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi on Swan Vehicle
    Minaksi on Swan Vehicle

    Minaksi decorated for evening procession, on Swan (anna) vehicle, for 2nd evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 2nd evening procession; at P. C. Muttu Chettiyar pavilion, just before procession; Keywords: minaksi, vehicles, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Jnanasambandar and Naynamars
    Jnanasambandar and Naynamars

    Nayanmar images: Jnanasambandar, group of twelve devotees, and Pandya king & queen; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; East Adi Street, near elephant stables; Keywords: nayanmars

  • Thumbnail for Sundaresvara decorated
    Sundaresvara decorated

    Siva Sundaresvara decorated for 6th morning procession, in Kalyana-mandapa.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; photo by natural light, in Kalyana-mandapa before start of procession; Keywords: sundaresvara, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Minaksi on Yali vehicle
    Minaksi on Yali vehicle

    Minaksi in 5th evening procession, on Yali vehicle; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; 5th evening procession; Keywords: minaksi, vehicles, processions

  • Thumbnail for Bhuta vehicle
    Bhuta vehicle

    Bhuta vehicle, used in 2nd evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Sundaresvara rides Bhuta vehicle on 2nd evening; Keywords: vehicles

  • Thumbnail for Deities in Seven-color vehicle, in Kalyanamandapa
    Deities in Seven-color vehicle, in Kalyanamandapa

    Deities in Seven-color Vehicle, in Kalyana Mandapa, prior to start of 11th evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; prior to 11th evening procession; Keywords: deities, vehicles

  • Thumbnail for Deities in procession
    Deities in procession

    Minaksi and Siva Sundaresvara in procession in Seven-color vehcile, during 11th evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; in South Avani Mula Street, raining; Keywords: deities, vehicles, processions

  • Thumbnail for Manikkavacakar of Tiruvathavur decorated
    Manikkavacakar of Tiruvathavur decorated

    Manikkavacakar of Tiruvathavur, decorated for 8th evening procession. The image of Manikkavacakar travels from his temple ten miles away to participate in the festival events.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; in Kalyana-mandapa, waiting for procession to begin; Keywords: nayanmars, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Bhadrakali Sculpture
    Bhadrakali Sculpture

    Large Bhadrakali image in Kambattadi Mandapa, now worshiped with butter lamps; Minaksi temple; large sculpture in mandapa to east of main sundaresvar sanctum; Keywords: deities, kali

  • Thumbnail for Temple Official as Photographer
    Temple Official as Photographer

    Mr. B. Raja, Executive Officer of the Minaksi temple, photographs the deities, before the 8th evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: personnel

  • Thumbnail for Devotional table near Pittuttoppu mandapa
    Devotional table near Pittuttoppu mandapa

    Devotional table (tirukkan) near Puttuttoppu mandapa, before procession; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: devotees

  • Thumbnail for Deities in Seven-color vehicle
    Deities in Seven-color vehicle

    Minaksi and Siva Sundaresvara in Seven-color vehicle, before 11th evening procession; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: vehicles, deities

  • Thumbnail for Decorated Subrahmanya
    Decorated Subrahmanya

    Decorated Subrahmanya from Tirupparankundram, ready for 11th evening procession.; Minaksi temple, Avani Mula, 2007; Keywords: deities, decoration

  • Thumbnail for Buddha
    Buddha

    The museum label reads, "This meditating figure, conveying spiritual strength and solidity, was carved for placement by a shrine or in a monastery. Sitting in the lotus pose with his hands resting in the gesture of meditation, he can be identified as the Buddha by his elongated earlobes, the lotus marks on his palms, the third eye of insight, and his cranial bump with a flame of wisdom. On the back of the sculpture is a long inscription in Tamil, a language of southern India. "In India, artists were not strictly committed to fashioning works for clients of a single religion. Distinctive regional styles, however, were more pronounced. for example, this sculpture has characteristics that mark it as non-Indian because it was made for Indonesian Buddhist patrons living in the Indian port city of Nagapattinam. Interestingly, these artists were supported by the Hindu ruler of the Chola dynasty." Coll. Art Institute of Chicago, Restricted gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Andrew Brown, 1964.556

  • Thumbnail for Standing Buddha in Stupa, Chaitya Hall, cave 19
    Standing Buddha in Stupa, Chaitya Hall, cave 19

    This standing Buddha figure within a stupa-like structure is placed within a large chaitya hall, a cave where monks gathered for teaching and community ritual practices. The straight, rigid form of this Buddha is reminiscent of figures of Jain tirthankaras, with whom early Buddhist monks shared many ideas and practices. The Buddha is depicted with the royal headdress of an aristocratic person but in the ascetic simplicity of an unclothed body.

  • Thumbnail for Parinirvana of the Buddha, cave 26 (close-up 2, without flash)
    Parinirvana of the Buddha, cave 26 (close-up 2, without flash)

    A close-up view of the head of the Buddha at his parinirvana in Cave 26.