Aerial photo of Hakodate on the northern island of Hokkaido, where loyal supporters of the Tokugawa clan staged a final, but unsuccessful stand against the Meiji government.
A sign in a post office reminds its occupants not to smoke.
Text: Go-jiyuu ni otori kudasai
Ram cards usher in the new year.
Traditional instrument of the Ainu people of Hokkaido. Sound is made by pulling on strings attached to a thin bamboo board. The mouth is used to add resonance.