This thesis explores the causes and effects of brain drain on Ethiopia’s development. A snowball sample was taken of participants who self-identified as members of the Ethiopia diaspora in the Denver-metropolitan area (n=8). Data was collected through individual interviews. The interviews were converted into typed transcriptions and synthesized using the grounded theory methodology. The theory proposed is one of struggle through the axial codes that were developed: migration, remittances, communal living, reasons for remaining, reasons for desire to leave, development efforts and transition. The axial codes are assessed in relation to the presented theory of struggle and exploring the effects on Ethiopia’s development. Through this data and analysis, the Ethiopian diaspora has greater access to further understanding their role in development and take actions that have a measurable impact.
Recurring famines and droughts have weakened the Ethiopian agricultural sector since the 1970s. A number of theories addressing food security affirm that hunger and destitution in rural areas are caused by shortages in food supply. This thesis argues that the fragile food security status of Ethiopia is a result of inadequate land management systems. Land tenure policies play a key role in the livelihood stability of rural communities. This study hypothesizes that improvements in land tenure security can create resilient livelihood systems. The Agro-Ecological Zones model developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization serves as a theoretical framework for the research. A multidimensional regression model assesses the impact of the current land registration initiative being pursued by the Ethiopian government on the value of food crops.
In conversation with Janet Lee, Dean of Libraries, Regis University, Dr. Shimelis Assefa, University of Denver, discusses aspects of library collaboration from an international perspective that cover both challenges and opportunities. Insights on collaboration in library science education are also offered.