The pattern of stagnating growth and underdevelopment remains an all too common phenomenon for countries with a colonial past, regardless of efforts by developmental economists and international organizations. In order to increase our understanding of what factors lead to this pattern, this study investigates the link between colonization and growth by examining trade characteristics of prior colonies. Using data from the World Bank, the IMF and the OECD, this study utilizes simultaneous equation modeling to determine how trade patterns can provide the link between colonization and the current state of underdevelopment in Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. This leads to a more refined understanding of why economic development fails to occur even in a period of booming international trade and globalization. Probing into the trade patterns of these nations, this paper answers the following question: Does colonial identity impact trade and growth patterns today? This study finds that history plays a role in determining how countries trade and grow, but the results are varied depending on the analysis utilized. Furthermore, there is a link between the types of goods traded and the growth of a nation, but trade in primary products does not necessarily limit a country’s growth potential.
A major global issue that our world faces is the dilemma of world poverty that millions of people around the world suffer with. Primarily the highest concentration of global poverty resides within the African continent. Many wealthier nations take it upon themselves to donate funds that attempt to combat this dilemma millions of people are faced with. The major issue with this outside funding is that the funds fail to achieve the goal of relieving the burden of poverty. This study will investigate the effectiveness of foreign aid and how changes in certain economic indicators affect African nations’ overall economies.
African elephant populations have been plummeting over the past few decades due to increased poaching and demand for ivory. This thesis investigates the influence that poverty and tourism have on the level of African elephant poaching, as well as the influence that poverty and elephant poaching have on the level of tourism in Africa. Through the use of an ordinary least squares regression, poaching, tourism and socioeconomic data between the years 2002 and 2012 for 27 African countries are used to examine these relationships. Results have shown that poverty and elephant poaching have a positive relationship; poverty and tourism have a negative relationship; and elephant poaching and tourism have a negative relationship.
Africa currently has the highest number of people who are malnourished. This has to do with the growing inequalities in the country and the inadequate food supply. The upper class has access to most of the resources, and people in Africa are living in extreme poverty, 74 cents a day. This study seeks to back up the claim that urban agriculture does have a relationship with food insecurity. It specifically looks at the relationships between the prevalence of undernourished, average dietary energy supply adequacy, average value of food production, percentage of arable land equipped for irrigation, access to improved water source, access to improved sanitation and the value of agricultural production. Using data from the Food and Agriculture Organization in order to understand the impacts urban agriculture can have on food insecurity in Africa.