Professor C. William T. Penland received his B.A. in 1920 from the University of Wyoming and his Ph.D. in Biology in 1925 from Harvard University. Except for a period of military service during World War II, and a semester in South America, he taught at Colorado College continuously from 1922 until his retirement in 1968, serving on the faculty longer than anyone else in the institution's history. An avid mountaineer, Dr. Penland was particularly well-known for his studies of the fungi and algae of Alpine tundra. His interview includes descriptions of the low faculty salaries, the Biology Department and Forestry School, the appearance of campus and Colorado Springs, President Duniway's administration, and the Alpine Laboratories of the Carnegie Institution (located three miles up the Cog Railway.) He talks about his extracurricular activities: mountaineering, hiking with Saturday Knights, Round Table Club, and searching for new plants.
Varina Margaret âMarkaâ Webb was born in Colorado Springs on May 13, 1905, the eldest of five children of Dr. Gerald Bertram Webb, a noted physician, and Varina Howell Davis Webb, the granddaughter of Jefferson Davis. Marka graduated from Oldfield School in Glencoe, Maryland, in 1924, and married Colorado Springs attorney Gerald W. Bennett, on January 7, 1926. They were the parents of two sons, Gerald and Charles, before Mr. Bennett's untimely death in 1936. As a young widow, Marka served as a companion to her father until his own death in 1948. In 1956, she married John Wolcott Stewart, son of Philip B. Stewart, longtime trustee of Colorado College. Her numerous community interests included the Webb-Waring Lung Institute, Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Symphony Orchestra and Opera Festival, and the Woman's Educational Society.
Rosemary Harley Prindle (CC class of 1943), known by her friends as Cullie, was a native of Colorado Springs, born October 2, 1921. She entered Colorado College in 1939, and graduated with a B.A. in English. As a Colorado College student, she was a member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority and active in the Koshare Drama Club. Her close friendship with fellow student Bert Stiles led to an exchange of correspondence until Stiles was shot down over Germany during World War II. She inherited a box of Stiles' manuscripts, including an unpublished novel, One Year, One Lifetime. Rosemary married fellow student, William Prindle, in 1945, and they had three children. She was on the board of the Woman's Educational Society, the Horticultural Arts Society, and ran her own retail business, Tesoras, for several years.
Bradley Alan Friedman (CC class of 1982) was born in Denver, Colorado in 1959 and graduated from Cherry Creek High School in 1978. He attended Colorado College from 1978-1982, graduating with a B.A. in History/Political Science. He was a member of the Alpha Lambda Delta honor fraternity, Chavarim, Phi Delta Theta fraternity, and the Colorado College Campus Association, of which he served as president. His interview took place during his senior year at Colorado College and focuses on campus organizations and activism during the early 1980âs.
Pamela Riley was born March 7, 1942 in Long Beach, California. She received her B.A. with Honors in English from the University of Wyoming in 1964, and her M.A. in Drama in 1966. Later, at the University of Denver, she completed most of her coursework towards a Ph.D. in English. She taught at Community College of Denver 1968 through 1977, and in 1979 -1980, served as an administrator for the general education program there. She married Gresham Riley on September 6, 1980, and accompanied him to Colorado College when he became its tenth president in 1981. She taught in the Department of Drama and Dance and directed several plays at Colorado College.
Professor Herving Madruga, a native of Cuba, joined the Colorado College Romance Languages faculty in 1958. He received his B.A. (1952) and M.A. (1954) from Harvard University, a Certificat de Phonetique from the University of Paris, France in 1954; and his Ph.D. from the University of Colorado in 1965. Professor Madruga was one of the founding faculty and the early director of the Program in Comparative Literature at Colorado College. He is also known for his French theater productions. He retired in 1994.
Dolores S. Atencio (CC class of 1977) graduated from Colorado College with a degree in Political Science. She attended the University of Denver College of Law, and was admitted to the Colorado Bar in October, 1981. A native of Pueblo, Colorado, Ms. Atencio discusses her strong Chicano heritage and her perspectives as a minority student at Colorado College. She actively participated in MECHA (Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano Aztlan), the Chicano student organization on the campus. In 1979, she, along with her former husband, Randy Serna (CC class of 1974) founded the Colorado College Chicano Alumni Association.
Professor Richard C. Bradley received his B.A. in Physics from Dartmouth College in 1943. Following wartime service in the U.S. Naval Reserve, he completed a Ph.D. in Physics at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1953. From 1953-1961 he was a researcher and faculty member at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. In 1961, he came to Colorado College as Associate Professor of Physics, and was promoted to Full Professor in 1966. He retired from a long and distinguished career at Colorado College in 1987, including six years as Dean of the Faculty and Dean of the College from 1973 to 1979. Active in environmental politics both at the local and national level, Bradley served as president of the Springs Area Beautiful Association from 1971 to 1973, and as a trustee of the National Parks Association from 1966 to 1976. An avid cross-country skier, he is also noted for his interest in music as a long-time member of the Colorado Springs Chorale, the Colorado Opera Festival Board, and as a composer of some note.
A native of Philadelphia born in 1917, Dr. George V. Fagan received his B.S. and M.A. degrees from Temple University, his Master of Library Science degree from the University of Denver in 1957 and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Pennsylvania in 1954. A World War II veteran, he served as librarian of the United States Air Force Academy for 15 years before his retirement from the Air Force in 1969 with the rank of Colonel. From 1969 to 1983 he was head librarian at Colorado College's Tutt Library. During his tenure, he added more than 100,000 volume to the library, established the Special Collections Division, created the Lincoln Room and CC Room, oversaw the planning and construction of the 25,000 square-foot addition to the library, and established the Friends of the Library. In 1988 Dr. Fagan authored a book entitled, The Air Force Academy: An Illustrated History.
Carl Roberts came to the field of psychology after serving in the Navy, going to college for a short time, working in the business world, and then returning to college. From graduate school at the University of Missouri, Roberts came to Colorado College as assistant professor in 1957 to teach experimental psychology. He became associate professor in 1961 and full professor in 1967. He was interested in the experimental analysis of behavior, behavior modification, learning theory, animal behavior, and the philosophy of science. With student help, he built an experimental lab for the department. He was successful in increasing funding for the department by interesting Presidents Worner and Benezet in the departmentâs research. He also received several national grants.
A graduate of Colorado College (CC class of 1925), Professor Howard M. Olson taught physics at Colorado College between 1925 and 1969. He completed graduate work at the University of California at Berkeley. Olson remembers: Professors Tileston, Lovitt, Sisam, Daehler, Swart, Boucher, Wright and Presidents Duniway and Mierow. In his interview Olson also talks about classwork, fraternities (Pi Kappa Alpha - engineering), dances at the Broadmoor, Bruin Inn, his teaching philosophy, students during the late sixties, and the building of Olin Hall.
Freddie's grandfather was one of the first homesteaders in Moffat County in 1902. Freddie speaks about her mother's and her own life in the Craig area. Freddie was born in 1912. She talks about: play, work, sports, puberty, music (piano and singing), and dating. Members of her family played instruments and they played and sang together. She studied music at the University of Colorado and Chicago Conservatory of Music. After living in Hollywood for two years, she returned home and married her high school boyfriend, Tom Blevins, at twenty-six and lived on the family ranch in Brown's Park with their two children. She taught in rural schools for twenty years, earning a teaching certificate in the summers. Freddie died in 2006.
Ellen was born in Lipol(?) New Mexico on September 6, 1907. Her parents had twelve children. Her father had a stroke shortly after they moved to Meeker in hopes of buying a ranch. Soon they moved to Rifle where the older brothers and sisters, including Ellen, worked to support the family (drugstore clerk, babysitting). She talks about reading, home remedies, illness, education, and puberty. Ellen married Phil Dunn at twenty-three. Her husband worked for the Colorado State Highway Dept. They moved all over the state as roads were built. She describes: rustic housing, cooking, cold winters, road crew communities, and moving often. She lived in Rangely in a tent for a time during the oil boom. She describes the community and the building of the roads. They finally settled in Grand Junction where her husband worked in the pipe business. She describes: women's clubs, activities, marriage, divorce, and working. Ellen died in 1989.
Van Shaw came to Colorado College in 1952 as Professor of Sociology. He served as chairman of the Sociology Department from 1954 through 1968. Active in community affairs, he served as president of the Colorado Springs Family Service Association. In his interview, Shaw discusses his roles as professor and committee member, philosophy of teaching, student attitudes, the block plan, race relations at Colorado College, the 1960s, college presidents.
Betty Young was born October 22, 1919 in Cleveland, Ohio and graduated from Grinnell College with a B.A. in Physical Education in 1942 and from University of Colorado with an M.S. in Physical Education in 1951. She came to Colorado College in 1956 as instructor and director of the Women's Physical Education program until her retirement in 1975. She discusses development of women's sports and Title IX.
Jennie was born in 1897. Her parents came to the Meeker area in 1898 in a covered wagon. Her father began teaching in rural schools around the Meeker area until they moved to Meeker and had a store. They also started a homestead on Flag Creek. Jennie tells many stories about her mother who: made hats, ran the store, sewed clothes, had boarders, was Dr. French's nurse, took care of other people's children, made funeral shrouds, and "laid out people." Jennie tells stories about her childhood: play, chores, basketball, piano, and riding horses. She taught school for three years before she married. Jennie describes: home remedies, puberty, births of children, and women who died in childbirth. She and her husband, Joe Spence, lived on several ranches and she describes the living conditions in the early years: coal oil lights, carrying water, milking cows, making butter, and making soap. She went on roundup with her husband from September to November. They had two children. She describes a typical day in the summer. Jennie began teaching again after her children left home. Jennie enjoyed painting. Jennie died in 1995.
Julia's parents settled on a homestead in Breeze Basin near Craig in 1908. Her parents were Austrian immigrants and had six children. There was a large Catholic community in Breeze Basin and Elk Head, the areas where families gathered for church (in a tent) and in homes for dances and activities. She describes: her mother's trip from Austria, the homestead cabin, her father's jobs, the J.W. Hugas store in Craig, "Mormon crickets," chores, play, school, clothes washing, and teenage activities. Julia married Paul Kawcak at sixteen and describes a "wedding shivaree." Paul was a coal miner from Walsenburg and many of his friends followed him to Craig to farm and ranch. She describes their homestead: clearing the land, building the house, and digging the well. Her husband worked in the mines while she worked the homestead with their nine boys and seven girls. She talks about: milking cows, cooking, making clothing, Catholic Church activities, dances at the school, and home remedies. Julia died in 1987.
Catherine was born in Canon City in 1901. Her mother died when she was three and her father remarried. They moved to the Colorado Western Slope and lived on ranches in the Steamboat Springs and Craig areas. She talks about: cooking, caring for children, hauling water, play, rural schools, household chores, and transportation. After three years of high school she qualified for a second grade teaching certificate and taught at the Pagoda one-room school. She talks about the students and teaching experiences. She married her husband, Russell Coles, at age twenty-two. They spent their early married years on the Coles ranch in southeastern Moffat County and had five children. She talks about rural dances. Russell left the ranch and moved to Craig to become the County Treasurer, a post he held until retirement. She talks about the depression, Roosevelt's social programs, and World War II. Catharine died in 1994.
Audrey's mother came to visit her brother in Meeker at the age of fourteen in the early 1900s. She worked at the halfway house between Rifle and Meeker for several years. It was there she met her husband John Oldland, who was working as a guide for Teddy Roosevelt. They settled in Powell Park and had ten children. Audrey describes: her mother's cooking, sewing, the houses they lived in, children's play (dolls), and inside/outside work. She rode a horse five miles to school in the winter. When she was twelve years old she worked for neighbors, cooking and washing dishes to pay for her clothes and school books. She talks about a bad first menstruation experience. Audrey describes home remedies and the 1918 flu which struck her family. She attended beauty school in Grand Junction and worked for a short time in Meeker before marrying John Oldland. She describes beauty shop experiences. She had three children and talks about pregnancy and birthing experiences. The family lived on the Oldland ranch. She learned to fly and was the only woman at that time that flew in the area. Audrey died in 1993.
Chloe came to Sunbeam, Colorado, from Illinois in 1926 to visit her sister. She met her husband, Minford, who had been born in Maybell. They were married in 1927 and lived for two years north of Craig while they bought cattle, sheep, and horses. Chloe had never ridden a horse. They moved to their homestead in Brown's Park on Zenobia Peak, seventy miles from Craig, and lived in a tent until they had the 20' X 30' cabin built. The logs, which they cut themselves, came from the mountain. Chloe describes the furniture, travel by horse and wagon, neighbors, medical problems, and home remedies. They moved their sheep from summer to winter ranges. Chloe describes one summer when her husband was ill and she "herded the sheep." She had her only child in Hayden where there was a hospital. Esther Campbell was her best friend and lived eight miles away. They communicated over a phone line strung by their husbands. Chloe describes the Home Demonstration Club. She also describes creative activities: horse hair ropes, leatherwork, horse blankets, knitting, crocheting, and quilting. Chloe died in 1990.
Inez Whalin tells her experiences through her daughter, Ethelyn Crawford. When she was twenty-three years old, Inez married her husband at her home in rural Illinois, a much more settled area than northwestern Colorado in 1912. At that time he was the foreman on the James ranch in Moffat County. Inez cooked for all the ranch hands. They soon moved to Mr. Whalin's homestead on Thornburg near Meeker, a one room log cabin, which she describes. Inez had eight children, but lost one who was eight months old to pneumonia. The doctor usually missed the births. She talks about: birth control, childless women, home remedies, and poetry. She was sorry that she didn't go to college; her parents thought her too frail. Instead, she worked in a knitting factory before her marriage. Her neighbors asked her to teach, but her husband said she couldn't. Inez died in 1989.
Historic documentation of life at the turn of the 19th century created by residents of Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1901 for the citizens of 2001. Under the direction of Louis R. Ehrich, a prominent 19th century businessman, the items were sealed in a chest which was stored in various buildings on the Colorado College campus until the official opening January 1, 2001 at the Charles Leaming Tutt Library. Contents of Ms349, Fd 10, Masonic lodges include: 1 page from The Colorado Odd Fellow with official directory listings; 1 booklet “Constitution and By-laws of Monte Rosa Rebekah Lodge No. 4, I. O. O. F.”; 1 b&w photo: “Mrs. George W. Musser, Past Noble Grand of Monte Rosa Rebekah Lodge”; 1 16-page, handwritten document, dated July 29, 1901, titled “A Brief History of Monte Rosa Rebekah Lodge No. 4,” signed by Belle McCoy Musser; 1 3-page, typewritten document, dated August 3, 1901, detailing the history of I. O. O. F. Lodge No. 38, signed by J. E. Shobe, Secretary.
Historic documentation of life at the turn of the 19th century created by residents of Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1901 for the citizens of 2001. Under the direction of Louis R. Ehrich, a prominent 19th century businessman, the items were sealed in a chest which was stored in various buildings on the Colorado College campus until the official opening January 1, 2001 at the Charles Leaming Tutt Library. Contents of Ms349, Fd 13, Social life - Elizabeth Cass Goddard include: 1 b&w photo: “Elizabeth Cass Goddard (Mrs. Francis W. Goddard)”; 1 11-page, handwritten letter, dated July 27, 1901, addressed “My dear Twenty-First Century Women,” signed by Elizabeth Cass Goddard.
Historic documentation of life at the turn of the 19th century created by residents of Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1901 for the citizens of 2001. Under the direction of Louis R. Ehrich, a prominent 19th century businessman, the items were sealed in a chest which was stored in various buildings on the Colorado College campus until the official opening January 1, 2001 at the Charles Leaming Tutt Library. Contents of Ms349, Fd 47, Woman’s Relief Corps - Stella Kyle, Ella Dwinell & Irene de Toliver include: 1 8-page, handwritten letter, dated August 4, 1901, on Woman’s Relief Corps letterhead, describing the organization above, signed by Stella A. Kyle, Dept. Press Correspondent, WRC, Colo. & Wyo.; 1 4-page, handwritten addendum to letter above, giving biographical information on Stella Kyle and listing past presidents, secretaries and treasurers of the regional organization; 1 7-page, handwritten letter, dated July 28, 1901, on local Relief Corps letterhead, addressed to the Patriotic and loyal women of Colorado Springs, Colorado, in the year of our Lord 2001.” Signed by Ella S. L. Dwinell, Past Department President, etc.; 1 3-page addendum to letter above, giving biographical information on Ella Dwinell and listing past and current charter members of Auxiliary No. 4 of the Woman’s Relief Corps; 1 4-page, handwritten list of current membership of Woman’s Relief Corps No. 4, dated July 30, 1901, signed by Irene De Toliver, Corps Treasurer; 1 reprint of b&w photo of Ella Dwinell with printed copies of reports; 1 reprint of b&w photo of H. O. Dodge, Department Commander; 1 business card “Mrs. E. L. C. Dwinell, Agent, Colorado Springs, Colo.” (Mechanics Insurance Co. of Philadelphia); 1 printed newsletter of the Woman’s Relief Corps, dated July 22, 1901;;1 copy of the National Standard, Thursday, July 25, 1901, Denver, Colo.
Historic documentation of life at the turn of the 19th century created by residents of Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1901 for the citizens of 2001. Under the direction of Louis R. Ehrich, a prominent 19th century businessman, the items were sealed in a chest which was stored in various buildings on the Colorado College campus until the official opening January 1, 2001 at the Charles Leaming Tutt Library. Contents of Ms349, Fd 46, Medicine - Boswell Preston Anderson M.D. include: 1 7-page, handwritten letter, dated August 2, 1901, describing the “history of medicine in El Paso County for the past 30 years,” signed by Boswell Preston Anderson, M.D.; 1 b&w photo of Dr. Anderson; 1 calling card, “Dr. Boswell P. Anderson.”