Bradley Alan Friedman (CC class of 1982) was born in Denver, Colorado in 1959 and graduated from Cherry Creek High School in 1978. He attended Colorado College from 1978-1982, graduating with a B.A. in History/Political Science. He was a member of the Alpha Lambda Delta honor fraternity, Chavarim, Phi Delta Theta fraternity, and the Colorado College Campus Association, of which he served as president. His interview took place during his senior year at Colorado College and focuses on campus organizations and activism during the early 1980âs.
Raymond D. Jones (CC class of 1967) was born in Pueblo, Colorado on November 30, 1945. While at Colorado College, Jones was the first African-American president of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. After graduating from Colorado College, he received his law degree from Harvard University in 1971. At the time of this interview he was a judge in the Denver District Court, appointed by Governor Richard Lamm. Jonesâ interview focuses on campus life in the 1960âs, attitudes about civil rights in Colorado Springs, and experiences from the perspective of a minority student.
Rosemary Harley Prindle (CC class of 1943), known by her friends as Cullie, was a native of Colorado Springs, born October 2, 1921. She entered Colorado College in 1939, and graduated with a B.A. in English. As a Colorado College student, she was a member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority and active in the Koshare Drama Club. Her close friendship with fellow student Bert Stiles led to an exchange of correspondence until Stiles was shot down over Germany during World War II. She inherited a box of Stiles' manuscripts, including an unpublished novel, One Year, One Lifetime. Rosemary married fellow student, William Prindle, in 1945, and they had three children. She was on the board of the Woman's Educational Society, the Horticultural Arts Society, and ran her own retail business, Tesoras, for several years.
John Tyler Makepeace (CC class of 1969) was born on October 25, 1947, in Waterbury, Connecticut. He attended Washington and Lee University for one year before transferring to Colorado College in 1966. After graduating with a B.A. in political science, he studied law at the University of Colorado and received his degree in 1972. From 1972 to 1977, Makepeace was senior deputy district attorney. From 1975 to 1977, he was also chief juvenile division district attorney. He was the founder of CHINS-UP in 1975 and an unsuccessful legislative candidate for District 18 in 1978. During the time of this interview he was a member of the Colorado Commission on Higher Education and was in private practice with his partner, Dan Winograd, (CC class of 1970).
Maro K. Zagoras (CC class of 1989) was born December 23, 1966, in Waukegan, Illinois. She enrolled at Colorado College in the fall of 1985 and graduated with a B.A. in political science. While at Colorado College, Zagoras served as a Resident Assistant in Slocum, as Circle K president, and on an advisory board for leadership, volunteerism and community service and helped establish a community service center at Colorado College. She also served as senior class president during the 1988-89 academic year. She describes the faculty, students and administrators, and reflects on campus life in the 1980âs.
Professor Otis Barnes taught chemistry at Colorado College from 1925-1962. He was active in the formation of the athletics policy at Colorado College, and also, along with his wife, endowed the Barnes Chemistry Scholarships for Colorado College chemistry majors. Barnes discusses the department, the curriculum, the faculty and the effect of WWII on the campus. He provides a brief history of the hockey program, including star players at the time and the involvement of El Pomar and the Broadmoor.
Evaline McNary arrived at Colorado College in 1934 as the dietician and eventually became the Director of Residence Halls. She describes the conditions of the residence halls upon her arrival - including an ice box and 1907 coal stove. She describes the formal meals in Bemis, social policies, men's housing and dining, Quonset huts for married veteran students, and co-ed dorms. From 1934 to 1976 she saw her responsibilities grow from 60 women in 2 residence halls to 1250 students in 17 halls, plus the management of 55 to 60 rental units.
Pamela Riley was born March 7, 1942 in Long Beach, California. She received her B.A. with Honors in English from the University of Wyoming in 1964, and her M.A. in Drama in 1966. Later, at the University of Denver, she completed most of her coursework towards a Ph.D. in English. She taught at Community College of Denver 1968 through 1977, and in 1979 -1980, served as an administrator for the general education program there. She married Gresham Riley on September 6, 1980, and accompanied him to Colorado College when he became its tenth president in 1981. She taught in the Department of Drama and Dance and directed several plays at Colorado College.
Karl Jeffries came to Colorado College from a small town in Southern Colorado in 1987 and graduated in 1991. He was diagnosed with HIV shortly after graduation and now lives in Berkeley, California with his partner and two kids. Karl was interviewed for the LGBT Oral History project during his visit for homecoming weekend on October 16, 2011.
Helen Jackson, born in Colorado Springs in 1890, gave this interview at the age of 87. Her father, William Sharpless Jackson, was a close associate of General Palmer, and he served on the Colorado College Board of Trustees between 1874 and 1917. Her brother, William S. Jackson, Jr., served as a trustee for 50 years between 1925 and 1975. One of seven children, Miss Jackson was the daughter of William S. Jackson, Sr.'s second wife, Helen Fisk Banfield, and a great-niece of his first wife, the writer Helen Hunt. Miss Jackson graduated from Cutler Academy in 1907, received her B.A. at Vassar in 1912, and an M.A. from Colorado College in 1915. She taught school for many years at the Dudley Road School in Massachusetts, before returning to Colorado Springs around 1942 to become custodian of the Jackson family home at 228 East Kiowa. When the home was torn down in 1961 and reconstructed at the Pioneer Museum, Miss Jackson became the interpreter of its history to thousands of museum visitors, especially area school children.
Mrs. Constance Postlethwaite Murray and her sister, Mrs. Isabel Postlethwaite Greiner provide memories of their student days and their recollections of their father, William W. Postlethwaite, who served as General Palmer's personal secretary, and then as treasurer of Colorado College from 1911 to 1940 and as curator of the Colorado College museum from 1940 until his death in 1955. Mrs. Murray (CC class of 1932) served as an alumni trustee from 1954 to 1957. Mrs. Greiner (CC class of 1925) completed her Colorado College studies as a special student at the affiliated Academy of Fine Arts.
Janet was born in Kersey, Colorado on February 11, 1911. She came to the Craig area in 1918 with her parents, as an only child. They lived on her grandfather's ranch on Little Bear, for three years. They moved to various rural schools where her mother taught and her father helped at the school and worked at odd jobs. Then they filed on a homestead in 1925 and Janet's mother continued to teach in rural schools. Janet talks about: women being able to support themselves, homestead work, home schooling, clothing, puberty, play as a "tomboy", and play with sleds and skis. Janet describes: the homestead cabin, cooking, food preservation, sleeping with quilts and flat irons, lack of illness, health concerns in her rural community, death of neighbor from self abortion, and care of the deceased. She talks about: Craig high school activities, college, and her own teaching in rural schools. She married Ernest at twenty-six and had two children in her mid-thirties. Their home was in Hamilton on a ranch, where she served as census enumerator and Moffat County Superintendent of Schools.
William D. Copeland (CC class of 1919) served as instructor in English and secretary of the College from 1920 to 1935. He later served as president of Lincoln College in Lincoln, Illinois, vice president of Lake Forest College in Illinois, president of Rocky Mountain College in Billings, Montana, and pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Polson, Montana. Copeland gives his impressions of Colorado College both before and after World War I, including memories of Presidents Slocum, Duniway, Mierow, and Davies. He talks about the effects of the Depression,"straight-laced CC" in the 1920's, athletic teams, fraternities, and the San Luis School. Faculty mentioned in the interview: Cajori, Schneider, Parsons, Blum, Parrish, Hills, Howe, Hulbert, Gilmore, Strieby, and Okey.
Freddie's grandfather was one of the first homesteaders in Moffat County in 1902. Freddie speaks about her mother's and her own life in the Craig area. Freddie was born in 1912. She talks about: play, work, sports, puberty, music (piano and singing), and dating. Members of her family played instruments and they played and sang together. She studied music at the University of Colorado and Chicago Conservatory of Music. After living in Hollywood for two years, she returned home and married her high school boyfriend, Tom Blevins, at twenty-six and lived on the family ranch in Brown's Park with their two children. She taught in rural schools for twenty years, earning a teaching certificate in the summers. Freddie died in 2006.
Professor Ormes (CC class of 1926) taught English at Colorado College from 1952 to 1973. He was also well known and highly regarded as a mountaineer, raconteur and author of several books, including A Guide to the Colorado Mountains, Colorado Skylines, Pike's Peak Atlas, Tracking Colorado's Ghost Railroads and Railroads and the Rockies. Born in Colorado Springs in 1904, Ormes was the son of Manly Ormes, former head librarian of Coburn Library, Colorado College. Ormes recounts his memories of growing up around Colorado College and his adventures in the nearby mountains.
Van Shaw came to Colorado College in 1952 as Professor of Sociology. He served as chairman of the Sociology Department from 1954 through 1968. Active in community affairs, he served as president of the Colorado Springs Family Service Association. In his interview, Shaw discusses his roles as professor and committee member, philosophy of teaching, student attitudes, the block plan, race relations at Colorado College, the 1960s, college presidents.
Ethelyn was born in Thornberg, Rio Blanco County in 1913. In her early years, Ethelyn grew up on a ranch on Wilson Creek near Meeker. There were eight children in the family. Her mother taught the children at home until they started school in Meeker. She also attended the Axial School for one year. She talks about many childhood memories of play, home, daily activities, and clothing. As a teen ager she talks about: puberty, dances, clubs, poetry, epilepsy, and travel to California. Ethelyn married at twenty-one and later divorced. Ethelyn had two children. She later married twice. She worked "between marriages" as a real estate broker and business administrator. Ethelyn talks about how she arranged for child care and about women's clubs in Meeker. Ethelyn died in 2001.
Professor Neale Reinitz received a B.A. in English from the University of Wisconsin in 1947, an M.A. in English from Harvard in 1949 and his Ph.D. in English from University of California at Berkeley in 1958. Professor Reinitz was a member of the English department at Colorado College from 1953 until his retirement in 1991. His special interests include biking, hiking, rafting, wine, books, jazz, the Marx Brothers, cross-country skiing and photography.
Julia Frances Hassell Lipsey (CC class of 1917) was a life long resident of Colorado Springs; her father operated the Hassell Ironworks and was known for his fine wrought iron fences. Prior to attending Colorado College, Mrs. Lipsey graduated from Cutler Academy in 1913. She married John J. Lipsey in 1924, and with him operated a small antiquarian book dealership, later specializing in books on Western history. She discusses college life for women in the early part of the 20th century.
Mary came to the United States from Austria-Hungary when she was eighteen. She was born in 1896. She was the only child of six in her family who got to immigrate and tells of coming through Ellis Island by herself. She lived in New York City, and then moved to Minersville, Penn. where she met her husband, George Levkulich, also an immigrant. They moved wherever he could find work in coal mines. They moved to the Craig area in 1926 and found they had to buy 160 acres because all the homesteading land in Breeze Basin was taken. She tells many stories about: poor living conditions, learning to drive horses, raising 300 chickens, raising animals, growing crops, and butchering and storing meat. She describes "the shack" they first had on their farm and living conditions. Mary had seven children. They had several fire disasters with the chickens and crops. She talks about killing a rattlesnake, and getting rid of gophers. Mary talks about: baking bread in a coal stove, making clothes, and preserving food. She was afraid to visit her home in "Europe" because she would have to deal with the Russian Embassy. Mary died in 1990.
Iris's parents came from Georgia to Spring Gulch, two miles north of Williams Fork in Moffat County in 1914 with seven children. Iris was born in 1905. The nearest neighbor was 5 miles away. Her father had a college education and taught at the Wattle Creek school and was also a preacher. Her mother found life much harder than in Georgia. Iris describes life on the homestead: garden, cows, wheat, deer, hogs, clothing, play, puberty, and the one room school. For high school the children stayed in a rented house in Craig while their parents stayed on the ranch. Iris was interested in science and wanted to be a nurse. She went to Denver General Hospital for nurses training after high school. She describes some early nursing techniques and home remedies. Iris came home to marry Wayne Lyons and they lived on the Lyon's family homestead in Breeze Basin in 1930 and had four children. She worked as a nurse when she was needed. At one point they would have closed the Hayden hospital if not for her. Later she worked at the Craig hospital. Iris died in 1999.
Catherine was born in Canon City in 1901. Her mother died when she was three and her father remarried. They moved to the Colorado Western Slope and lived on ranches in the Steamboat Springs and Craig areas. She talks about: cooking, caring for children, hauling water, play, rural schools, household chores, and transportation. After three years of high school she qualified for a second grade teaching certificate and taught at the Pagoda one-room school. She talks about the students and teaching experiences. She married her husband, Russell Coles, at age twenty-two. They spent their early married years on the Coles ranch in southeastern Moffat County and had five children. She talks about rural dances. Russell left the ranch and moved to Craig to become the County Treasurer, a post he held until retirement. She talks about the depression, Roosevelt's social programs, and World War II. Catharine died in 1994.
Estel's father came to the Meeker area in about 1888, and her mother came in 1898 to visit her sister. They married and lived on the homestead on Flag Creek. Estel was the only child. She describes her mother's life on the ranch. Estel wasn't expected to do any of the work. She talks about: riding her horse to school in very cold winters, play with neighbors, home remedies, puberty, and sports in school. Her parents bought a ranch in Grand Junction where Estel attended high school. She also went high school in Denver. She went to Business College in Grand Junction and then returned to Meeker to work in the County Clerk's office, where she worked for several years. Estel married a man from Craig, Raymond "Ray" Woolley, but they eventually settled in Meeker where she had two daughters. She talks about: childbirth and aftercare. While she worked, her mother did her housework and ironing, and cooked for her in-laws. Estel also talks about surgery in homes - her father drove the doctor to country appointments and administered ether. Estel died in 1990.
Bernice and Beryl are twin sisters who were born in Oregon in 1903. They came to Meeker in 1903 with their father, a carpenter, and their mother, a teacher. The women wanted to be interviewed together. Bernice tells of their mother's death from surgery on the dining room table - they were six years old. She describes life in Meeker in the early 1900's: clothes washing, schools, games, women's activities, a "poor farm", and adult activities. She also describes her career as a bank cashier. Then Beryl speaks and talks about the early death of their mother and their relationship to the woman their father married, in part, to care for them. Beryl describes the organization of Meeker's first library by a group of women in 1925. Both sisters were then interviewed and they spoke about: school, play, baking, housekeeping, view of marriage, and coping without their mother. Beryl talks about her marriage to Father Richards and her role as an Episcopal priest's wife. Bernice talks about her married life with William "Bill" Sides, and her career in the bank. Neither sister had children. Beryl died in 1994, and Bernice died in 1990.
Stella was born in Oak Creek, Colorado and grew up near McCoy, Colorado on a ranch until she was six years old when her father died. She had five siblings. Stella's mother moved the family to Glenwood Springs so that she could work and her children could finish high school. The children spent summers on the ranch. She talks about: homemade clothing, working during the depression, and summers on the ranch. Stella married Jay Rector and traveled with him to construction jobs. Later they worked on the Kirk ranch, and finally on her husband's father's ranch, both near Rangely. She talks about her husband's mother, who had ten children and first came to the area in 1898 at six years old. Stella describes: washing clothes, cooking for family and extra help, gardening, sewing, roundup, and needlework. The ranch was twenty miles from town, and she saw few neighbors. She liked the chores outside, but not the cooking. She had four children, and talks about her daughter's education, etc. Stella describes the town library, 4H, and women's clubs. Stella died in 1991.