The pattern of stagnating growth and underdevelopment remains an all too common phenomenon for countries with a colonial past, regardless of efforts by developmental economists and international organizations. In order to increase our understanding of what factors lead to this pattern, this study investigates the link between colonization and growth by examining trade characteristics of prior colonies. Using data from the World Bank, the IMF and the OECD, this study utilizes simultaneous equation modeling to determine how trade patterns can provide the link between colonization and the current state of underdevelopment in Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. This leads to a more refined understanding of why economic development fails to occur even in a period of booming international trade and globalization. Probing into the trade patterns of these nations, this paper answers the following question: Does colonial identity impact trade and growth patterns today? This study finds that history plays a role in determining how countries trade and grow, but the results are varied depending on the analysis utilized. Furthermore, there is a link between the types of goods traded and the growth of a nation, but trade in primary products does not necessarily limit a country’s growth potential.
Les contes de Charles Perrault sont bien connus, surtout dans le monde européen, et ils sont peut-être plus connus que toutes les autres versions des contes de la région. La popularité des contes et leur présence dans la formation des enfants aujourd’hui indiquent leur longévité et leur plasticité, et donc, parlent sur l’importance de l’auteur Charles Perrault et sa vision. Ce mémoire va discuter le rôle des contes de Perrault dans l’éducation des enfants au 18ème siècle et comment les contes sont une réflexion de la situation familiale courante en France. Les contes de La Belle au Bois Dormant, Cendrillon, Le Petit Chaperon Rouge et Peau d’Âne seront examinés en détail.
The effect of spatial factors on competition and the price of gasoline have been sparsely explored by previous studies. Existing work examines how gasoline prices differ based on distance from the distribution site as well as how cost factors influence gasoline prices. Using market data from six midsized U.S. metro areas with similar isolation from neighboring retail markets, this paper examines the effects of location on retail price, while controlling for brand effects. Spatial regression analysis accommodates the potential of spatially correlated errors, and sensitivity analysis tests for several measures of retail location concentration. Results point to reproducible brand premiums and some location-based price differences, but also show the counterintuitive finding that areas with more market competition do not show significantly lower retail gas prices.