Map by Dutchman, Kaempfer, documents the history of Japan during the period when it was closed off from most of the world in the Edo period. After the expulsion of the Portuguese and the persecution of Christinanity that occurred in the late 16th and early 17th century, the Dutch were the only Europeans permitted to trade in Japan. The inscription says "Regni Japoniaee. Nova mappa geographica. Inscription is in the upper left with Asian figures, lower right are 24 mon (crests) of various daimyo (feudal lords) and 4 Japanese coins.