This capstone paper introduces the concept and theory of Integrated Shame. It first provides a review of the development of shame in psychoanalysis: how it emerged, why it was ignored as such, and how it was reintroduced into this field. It then presents and explores major theories that have defined the origin and components of the effect of shame. I use my own case illustration to further clarify the issue at hand and I terminate with presenting contemporary psychoanalytic theories that provide insight to both the experience of Integrated Shame as well as possible treatment solutions. I conclude by saying that Integrated Shame would be best treated using Summer’s phenomenological approach primarily due to the extensive influence of Kohutian Self Psychology.
By approaching traditional philosophical problems through psychoanalytic theory, we may learn something about the nature of our ethical principles as well as the nature of the self in the face of dominating forces. Theorists such as Jonathan Lear, Jessica Benjamin, and Frank Summers provide a radical position for the psychoanalyst, which rebels against hegemony and hierarchy within the socio-political realm. This paper relates the work of these three theorists, revealing the possibility of psychoanalysis to help address philosophical problems and offer a basis for radical political change.