Existing research on the college hookup culture has shown that women are prone to negative resulting physical, emotional, social, and relational results. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that lead women to hookup regret and factors that prompt women to hookup following regretful experiences. A survey of 181 college senior women from a small liberal arts college in the central United States, and in-depth interviews with ten of those women, indicate that hookup regret is most commonly a result of negative social interactions following the encounter, or negative treatment by the hookup partner. The data also indicates that women continue to participate in hooking up for the resulting sexual gratification. Third Wave Feminist theory encourages sexual autonomy as the path to sexual liberation-many women continue to test this avenue, but scarcely find the results they expected.
During the nineteenth century, the English Parliament commissioned a series of educational reports of Wales which aimed to denigrate the nation to aid an English cultural takeover, thus ensuring cultural homogeneity within England and Wales. In the educational reports, women were used as the markers of Wales and were conflated with barbarism and bestiality. The Welsh male elites responded virulently, claiming the virtuous nation of Welshwomen, and subsequently, Wales. Women were thus used as political pawns, and were tokenized, as opposed to being represented in of themselves. Following these responses, a Welsh national identity began to form which was centered around women. Wales came to be personified as a woman, thus the idealized version of Welsh womanhood was confined to such a degree that women had a very strict ideal to live up to.