This paper explores the experience of international camp counselors at an American summer camp in the North East United States. It set out to understand the impact the summer camp environment might have on an individual’s cultural identity. Personal interviews were conducted with ten current or former adult camp counselors from six countries outside of the United States. The research question was framed in the theories of intersubjectivity, habitus and acculturation strategy as well as the relevant body of empirical research. The research found that the culturally intense experience of camp led to an individual’s cultural identity to be the product of active and strategic micro-adjustments and adaptations—in short, ‘doing’ identity.
The current treatment of undocumented immigrants in the United States traps undocumented immigrants into the secondary sector. This leaves people who are undocumented in positions for potential exploitation in the workplace. This study explores the treatment of undocumented workers in the restaurant industry. It uses qualitative methods analyze in-depth interviews. There were thirteen participants in total, all except one identified as Latino. One very special attribute about all of the participants is they have all chosen to permanently settle in the United States. Most of the findings have already been noted in the literature such as low wages, hour violations, and unsafe working conditions. Adding to the literature, one important finding is status preservation of co-ethnics or/and status of preservation of legality, this is where supervisors who have the same ethnicity or status treat workers worst than their American counter parts. Furthermore, another important finding was the slow maturation of exploitation consciousness. Young people in my thesis were not fully aware of the exploitation they were receiving while undocumented. Through these findings above the purpose was to present a clear story on how undocumented people have no mobility and are static in working low-level jobs.
This quantitative study seeks to understand the effects of public school funding, expenditures, school, and neighbor-hood demographics on 2011 Transitional Colorado Assessment Program (TCAP) tests. Primarily, this thesis tries to answer whether or not public school funding has a significant effect on TCAP scores, how demographics shape both funding and TCAP scores, and how neighborhood and school demographics relate to each other. With public schools in Colorado as the unit of analysis, unemployment and education levels are used in conjunction with school demographics including student race, poverty, number of students, and student-teacher ratio are used to determine differences throughout the state and how they translate to academic performance. TCAP scores are used to gauge disparities in academic performance throughout the state. This study confirms many of the existing literature claims that student personal background, along with home-life, and institutional quality of schools exhibit some considerable effect on student performance uncovering unique findings as well.
Nicaragua presents the first case in which plurinationalism in a country became legislated and regional autonomy was granted to the inhabitants of the Atlantic coast. By using content analysis and interviews, this paper explores the social representations of national identity in advertising campaigns used by both the private and public sectors in Nicaragua. I argue that both sectors work as intermediaries that continue to reinforce the dominant expression of "Nicaraguanidad" as merely that of the Pacific coast. This position is founded on the assumption that national identity is constructed and deconstructed discursively through means of socialization. Although Nicaragua was the first country to grant regional autonomy to a region, findings showed that the discourse on national identity presented in promotional campaigns by both the private and public sectors has not been successfully transformed to represent Nicaragua as a plurinational state. This paper concludes that these representations of “Nicaraguaness” contribute to the maintenance of a predominantly Pacific national identity discourse.
This study explores how upper and middle-upper-class married mothers living in the United States frame and understand the personal and professional implications of opting-out. Opting-out entails women leaving high-profile jobs for more flexible work arrangements or to stay at home. These women have heavily invested in their educations and have promotion opportunities, which makes their decision to opt out of high-powered positions perplexing. Structural functionalism and symbolic interactionism frame this research question. Bourdieu’s concept of habitus links both theories to show how women “do gender.” In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 working mothers who opted out to raise their children. The study found that for interviewees the ideal American mother is a working woman who is obsessed with her children’s success. It also confirmed the friction between stay-at-home mothers and working mothers, known as the “mommy wars.” For stay-at-home mothers the cost associated with their choice is a career penalty; for working mothers it is the feeling of guilt of being partially present in their children’s upbringing. This study argues for policies that aim for a better work-family balance and shared parenthood and which diminish the penalties, both financial and tacit, for working mothers and mothers returning to the workforce.
In this paper, the author examines the role of counselors in public and private high schools. This study aims to identify if there exists a discrepancy in the role and responsibilities of counselors based on the type of school, whether high- or low-achieving, upper- or lower-class, private or public, etc. and what the implications of this possible discrepancy may be. Utilizing qualitative interviews of five counselors practicing at five unique schools, the study illustrates inconsistencies in the role and responsibilities of counselors at these contrasting schools. Similarly, this paper exposes a potentially significant positive relationship between socioeconomic status of public high schools and their increased similarity with private high schools over their public counterparts, and suggests the involvement of counselors in the elimination of larger social problems.