Commercial natatoriums are a unique fraction of the commercial building sector that are currently unaccounted for in terms of energy audits and retrofits (EARs). Commercial natatorium EARs provide enormous potential for economic, environmental, and social benefit. This thesis will outline current methods for commercial building EARs, create a uniform model for commercial natatorium EARs, as well as investigate the need for commercial natatorium EARs within the commercial building sector.
This thesis hypothesizes that current economic and social development strategies promoted by the World Bank in Central America are economically and environmentally unsustainable. Thus, the region should shift to implementing sustainable development strategies, such as sustainable agriculture, alterative energy sources, increased education, environmental justice, and region-specific development to reduce inequalities and environmental degradation in the region. The thesis presents data about current economic and social conditions in the six countries. The World Bank is analyzed because it remains the primary economic development agency in Central America. The history of the organization and impacts on the region are analyzed. Finally, examples of sustainable alternatives from Latin America are presented as viable options for Central America.
This paper explores the origins of Muqtada al-Sadr's Shia political and religious movement in post-invasion Iraq. Social movement theory is used to analyze the events leading up to 2003 starting with the creation of the Da'wa political party in 1957. The study ends in early 2012 with a discussion of the future of Shia in Iraq and the influence of Muqtada al-Sadr and his Mahdi Army.
Insurance companies and politicians have long asserted that the United States health care system is the best in the world. This fairytale idealizes what is actually a broken system of care that fails to honor fundamental human rights. Millions of Americans have no safety net to fall back on in the case of an unexpected illness and are forced to make trade-offs between health services and other essential daily needs. The 50 million uninsured Americans “are acutely aware that our health care system is not working for everyone, and there is growing recognition that the major problems of rising cost and lack of access continue a real crisis.” However, policy changes are slow to come. The underlying structural factors that hamper efforts to improve U.S. health care are rarely addressed because of the economic and political constraints that shape health improvement projects. Thus, band-aids are applied to curb the symptoms of problems that are much more than skin deep.
This paper uses an historical lens to contextualize the current water situation in Haiti and the present lack of water infrastructure in the country. Following the 2010 Earthquake, water infrastructure was severely damaged in Port-au-Prince and cholera spread to the country proceeding the earthquake. Point of use water filters have since been used as the most immediate means to ensure quality water within the home and have been prevalent post-earthquake. I began collecting research for this paper in June and July in 2011 in Port-au-Prince, Duchity, and Desab, Haiti. I interviewed 18 households with the help of two Haitians (one translator and one Biosand Filter installer) to learn how Haitian people use Biosand filters in their homes and to learn about the perceptions in improved health due to these filters.