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Determinants of women's empowerment and HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa

by Miller, Margaux

Abstract

The HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the greatest challenges facing economic and social development in sub-Saharan Africa. Women of reproductive age (15-49) have the greatest risk and prevalence of HIV in this region. Increased female vulnerability to HIV stems from limited access to health care and lack of autonomy to make decisions regarding sexual health and education. Using Demographic and Health Surveys data from nine sub-Saharan African countries, this paper found several key determinants in women’s empowerment and HIV status. Women who know more about sexual health knowledge in terms of contraceptive methods, fertility, and sexually transmitted diseases are more likely to be empowered than women with no understanding of sexual health. Similarly, women who are empowered are less likely to be HIV positive. This paper has important implications for future policies aiming to lower HIV incidence and improve women’s rights in sub-Saharan Africa.

Note

bachelor

Bachelor of Arts

Includes bibliographical references.

Administrative Notes

None

Copyright
Copyright restrictions apply.
Publisher
Colorado College
PID
coccc:3359
Digital Origin
born digital
Extent
68 pages : illustrations
Thesis
Senior Thesis -- Colorado College
Thesis Advisor
de Arauju, Pedro
Department/Program
Department of Economics and Business
Degree Name
bachelor
Degree Type
Bachelor of Arts
Degree Grantor
Colorado College
Date Issued
2011