Colorado College Logo

  DigitalCC

Use AND (in capitals) to search multiple keywords.
Example: harmonica AND cobos

2019-2020

14 hits

  • Thumbnail for AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY
    AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY by Gledhill, Julia

    Using times series data from 1980-2010 on Department of Defense real base expenditures, real GDP, unemployment, and the GINI coefficient, I model the effects of defense expenditures on income inequality in the United States. I hope to contribute to the relatively small body of literature on the relationship between defense spending and income inequality. There is one study that analyzes defense spending’s impact on income inequality exclusively in the United States, and it was conducted in 1994. Given the constant expansion of defense spending over the last several decades, this study aims to challenge the military Keynesian perspective that military spending is good for everyone in the economy.

  • Thumbnail for AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY
    AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY by Gledhill, Julia

    Using times series data from 1980-2010 on Department of Defense real base expenditures, real GDP, unemployment, and the GINI coefficient, I model the effects of defense expenditures on income inequality in the United States. I hope to contribute to the relatively small body of literature on the relationship between defense spending and income inequality. There is one study that analyzes defense spending’s impact on income inequality exclusively in the United States, and it was conducted in 1994. Given the constant expansion of defense spending over the last several decades, this study aims to challenge the military Keynesian perspective that military spending is good for everyone in the economy.

  • Thumbnail for AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY
    AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY by Gledhill, Julia

    Using times series data from 1980-2010 on Department of Defense real base expenditures, real GDP, unemployment, and the GINI coefficient, I model the effects of defense expenditures on income inequality in the United States. I hope to contribute to the relatively small body of literature on the relationship between defense spending and income inequality. There is one study that analyzes defense spending’s impact on income inequality exclusively in the United States, and it was conducted in 1994. Given the constant expansion of defense spending over the last several decades, this study aims to challenge the military Keynesian perspective that military spending is good for everyone in the economy.

  • Thumbnail for AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY
    AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS: THE EFFECTS OF DEFENSE EXPENDITURES ON INCOME INEQUALITY by Gledhill, Julia

    Using times series data from 1980-2010 on Department of Defense real base expenditures, real GDP, unemployment, and the GINI coefficient, I model the effects of defense expenditures on income inequality in the United States. I hope to contribute to the relatively small body of literature on the relationship between defense spending and income inequality. There is one study that analyzes defense spending’s impact on income inequality exclusively in the United States, and it was conducted in 1994. Given the constant expansion of defense spending over the last several decades, this study aims to challenge the military Keynesian perspective that military spending is good for everyone in the economy.

  • Thumbnail for DETERMINANTS OF THE FERTILITY RATE IN THE MODERN PERIOD
    DETERMINANTS OF THE FERTILITY RATE IN THE MODERN PERIOD by Mao, Ruochen

    In this paper, the relationship between the fertility rate and economic factors will be discussed in the modern period. The data used in the econometric model are from 1996 to 2017 in the fifty-one countries. The model has been compared to the work done in the late twentieth century in order to see the differences. The results show that GDP still plays an important role in the fertility rate change, but the significant GDP sectoral components have changed largely over the time. In addition, the female education and mortality rate do not significantly contribute to the fertility rate in this model. Countries in various continents also affect the fertility rate differently. Thus, the determinants of the fertility rate differ significantly from those in the past, which can give new implications on the fertility rate control.

  • Thumbnail for DETERMINANTS OF THE FERTILITY RATE IN THE MODERN PERIOD
    DETERMINANTS OF THE FERTILITY RATE IN THE MODERN PERIOD by Mao, Ruochen

    In this paper, the relationship between the fertility rate and economic factors will be discussed in the modern period. The data used in the econometric model are from 1996 to 2017 in the fifty-one countries. The model has been compared to the work done in the late twentieth century in order to see the differences. The results show that GDP still plays an important role in the fertility rate change, but the significant GDP sectoral components have changed largely over the time. In addition, the female education and mortality rate do not significantly contribute to the fertility rate in this model. Countries in various continents also affect the fertility rate differently. Thus, the determinants of the fertility rate differ significantly from those in the past, which can give new implications on the fertility rate control.

  • Thumbnail for DETERMINANTS OF THE FERTILITY RATE IN THE MODERN PERIOD
    DETERMINANTS OF THE FERTILITY RATE IN THE MODERN PERIOD by Mao, Ruochen

    In this paper, the relationship between the fertility rate and economic factors will be discussed in the modern period. The data used in the econometric model are from 1996 to 2017 in the fifty-one countries. The model has been compared to the work done in the late twentieth century in order to see the differences. The results show that GDP still plays an important role in the fertility rate change, but the significant GDP sectoral components have changed largely over the time. In addition, the female education and mortality rate do not significantly contribute to the fertility rate in this model. Countries in various continents also affect the fertility rate differently. Thus, the determinants of the fertility rate differ significantly from those in the past, which can give new implications on the fertility rate control.

  • Thumbnail for Determinants of the fertility rate in the modern period
    Determinants of the fertility rate in the modern period by Mao, Ruochen

    In this paper, the relationship between the fertility rate and economic factors will be discussed in the modern period. The data used in the econometric model are from 1996 to 2017 in the fifty-one countries. The model has been compared to the work done in the late twentieth century in order to see the differences. The results show that GDP still plays an important role in the fertility rate change, but the significant GDP sectoral components have changed largely over the time. In addition, the female education and mortality rate do not significantly contribute to the fertility rate in this model. Countries in various continents also affect the fertility rate differently. Thus, the determinants of the fertility rate differ significantly from those in the past, which can give new implications on the fertility rate control.

  • Thumbnail for HOW RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS ALTER RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES
    HOW RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS ALTER RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES by Gardner, Robert

    Renewable energy policies help drive states in the US toward cleaner energy technologies. Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) is one policy which mandates states to produce a certain percentage of their electricity mix from renewable energy sources. This paper looks at how these policies affect residential electricity prices in the United States. This paper hypothesizes that, due to falling costs of renewable energy technologies, residential electricity costs will not increase due to RPS mandates. This main hypothesis is not supported by previous literature, and this paper also concludes that RPS mandates increase residential electricity prices in states which implement them. This paper differs from previous literature by showing a much lower percentage increase in electricity prices due to RPS mandates and thus provides insight into how renewable energy policies affect the people which live in places where the policies are enacted.

  • Thumbnail for HOW RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS ALTER RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES
    HOW RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS ALTER RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES by Gardner, Robert

    Renewable energy policies help drive states in the US toward cleaner energy technologies. Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) is one policy which mandates states to produce a certain percentage of their electricity mix from renewable energy sources. This paper looks at how these policies affect residential electricity prices in the United States. This paper hypothesizes that, due to falling costs of renewable energy technologies, residential electricity costs will not increase due to RPS mandates. This main hypothesis is not supported by previous literature, and this paper also concludes that RPS mandates increase residential electricity prices in states which implement them. This paper differs from previous literature by showing a much lower percentage increase in electricity prices due to RPS mandates and thus provides insight into how renewable energy policies affect the people which live in places where the policies are enacted.

  • Thumbnail for Risk Preferences and Trust Within Consumers Towards Remanufactured and Used Products
    Risk Preferences and Trust Within Consumers Towards Remanufactured and Used Products by Gu, Yuchen

    Remanufactured and used products are gradually becoming a trend in the current society. In this paper, I examined the relationship between consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for products of different conditions (new, remanufactured and used) and their risk preferences as well as trust in products. Through a self-designed survey, I collected data on consumers’ WTP on products of different conditions, risk preferences, trust in products as well as demographic information. Consumers’ risk preferences and trust in products are both found to be proportional with consumers’ WTP on products. However, both of them have greater influences on consumers’ WTP of new products compared to that of remanufactured and used products.

  • Thumbnail for UNPREPARED: An Assessment of United States Municipal Climate Adaptation Plans
    UNPREPARED: An Assessment of United States Municipal Climate Adaptation Plans by Weissgold, Lily

    Climate adaptation planning at the municipal level in the United States is a rapidly expanding practice. Categorizing the actions these plans put forth will help planners understand the landscape of local climate adaptation. Determining what city characteristics predict higher scores can help planners and academics replicate best planning practices in other locales. This paper scores 27 United States municipal and tribal climate adaptation plans and categorizes their adaptation actions into 16 categories. This analysis then uses multivariate regression to examine the differences in plan action scores across communities. These regressions use four categories of city characteristics which determine adaptive capacity: vulnerability, governance, information, and economy. Plan scores are generally poor, with an average of 50% of all possible points. Plans most often mention capacity building, information and awareness, physical infrastructure, green infrastructure, and land use actions. Plans least often mention advocacy, practice and behavior, and research and monitoring adaptation actions. Experience of an extreme weather event in the past 10 years and presence of an adaptation plan at the state are positively correlated with plan scores. Increases in median household income are negatively correlated with plan scores. These results provide insight for other municipalities and scholars who are interested in increasing actionable goals in local climate adaptation plans by providing common plan strengths and shortfalls and a framework of city characteristics which predict plan score.

  • Thumbnail for Unprepared: An Assessment of United States Municipal Climate Adaptation Plans and Plan Score Predictors
    Unprepared: An Assessment of United States Municipal Climate Adaptation Plans and Plan Score Predictors by Weissgold, Lily A.

    Climate adaptation planning at the municipal level in the United States is a rapidly expanding practice. Categorizing the actions these plans put forth will help planners understand the landscape of local climate adaptation. Determining what city characteristics predict higher scores can help planners and academics replicate best planning practices in other locales. This paper scores 27 United States municipal and tribal climate adaptation plans and categorizes their adaptation actions into 16 categories. This analysis then uses multivariate regression to examine the differences in plan action scores across communities. These regressions use four categories of city characteristics which determine adaptive capacity: vulnerability, governance, information, and economy. Plan scores are generally poor, with an average of 50% of all possible points. Plans most often mention capacity building, information and awareness, physical infrastructure, green infrastructure, and land use actions. Plans least often mention advocacy, practice and behavior, and research and monitoring adaptation actions. Experience of an extreme weather event in the past 10 years and presence of an adaptation plan at the state are positively correlated with plan scores. Increases in median household income are negatively correlated with plan scores. These results provide insight for other municipalities and scholars who are interested in increasing actionable goals in local climate adaptation plans by providing common plan strengths and shortfalls and a framework of city characteristics which predict plan score.

  • Thumbnail for Unprepared: An Assessment of United States Municipal Climate Adaptation Plans and Plan Score Predictors
    Unprepared: An Assessment of United States Municipal Climate Adaptation Plans and Plan Score Predictors by Weissgold, Lily Anna

    Climate adaptation planning at the municipal level in the United States is a rapidly expanding practice. Categorizing the actions these plans put forth will help planners understand the landscape of local climate adaptation. Determining what city characteristics predict higher scores can help planners and academics replicate best planning practices in other locales. This paper scores 27 United States municipal and tribal climate adaptation plans and categorizes their adaptation actions into 16 categories. This analysis then uses multivariate regression to examine the differences in plan action scores across communities. These regressions use four categories of city characteristics which determine adaptive capacity: vulnerability, governance, information, and economy. Plan scores are generally poor, with an average of 50% of all possible points. Plans most often mention capacity building, information and awareness, physical infrastructure, green infrastructure, and land use actions. Plans least often mention advocacy, practice and behavior, and research and monitoring adaptation actions. Experience of an extreme weather event in the past 10 years and presence of an adaptation plan at the state are positively correlated with plan scores. Increases in median household income are negatively correlated with plan scores. These results provide insight for other municipalities and scholars who are interested in increasing actionable goals in local climate adaptation plans by providing common plan strengths and shortfalls and a framework of city characteristics which predict plan score.