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Colorado College Oral History Collection

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  • Thumbnail for Frazier, Effie Evelyn Stroud
    Frazier, Effie Evelyn Stroud by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Effie Stroud Frazier, (CC class of 1931) was one of the first African-American women to attend Colorado College and one of seven members of the well-known Stroud family to attend Colorado College. She was the first recipient of the Sachs scholarship. In her interview, Effie Frazier discusses race relations in Colorado Springs during the Depression and her experiences as a minority student at Colorado College.

  • Thumbnail for Friedman, Bradley Alan
    Friedman, Bradley Alan by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Bradley Alan Friedman (CC class of 1982) was born in Denver, Colorado in 1959 and graduated from Cherry Creek High School in 1978. He attended Colorado College from 1978-1982, graduating with a B.A. in History/Political Science. He was a member of the Alpha Lambda Delta honor fraternity, Chavarim, Phi Delta Theta fraternity, and the Colorado College Campus Association, of which he served as president. His interview took place during his senior year at Colorado College and focuses on campus organizations and activism during the early 1980’s.

  • Thumbnail for Gamer, Carlton
    Gamer, Carlton by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    A noted composer and music theorist, Professor Carlton Gamer received his Bachelors in Music from Northwestern University in 1950, and his Masters from Boston University in 1951. He came to Colorado College first in 1953 as an accompanist for the dance program. From 1954 through 1960, he was a full-time instructor in the music department. He became assistant professor in 1960; associate professor in 1966; and served as a full professor from 1974 until his retirement in 1994. Besides his talents as a composer and teacher of music, Professor Gamer also has had a great interest in Asian culture and philosophy and mathematical thought. A conscientious objector, Professor Gamer counseled many young men about the draft.

  • Thumbnail for Gordon, Joseph Tulloch
    Gordon, Joseph Tulloch by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Born in St. Louis in 1930, Professor Gordon received his B.A. from St. Louis in 1955, a second B.A. from DePaul University in 1958, his M.A. from Colorado University in 1960 and a Ph.D. from Pennsylvania State University in 1967. A specialist in American literature, Professor Gordon came to Colorado College as assistant professor of English in 1964. He was promoted to associate professor in 1970 and to full professor in 1977. In 1970, he became both the creator and director of Colorado College's Southwest Studies Program, a position that he held most of the time until his retirement in 1994. One of his chief accomplishments was the establishment of the Colorado College Baca Campus in 1987. Joe Gordon was also an avid tennis player, skier and fly fisherman.

  • Thumbnail for Hamilton, Mary Alice
    Hamilton, Mary Alice by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Dr. Mary Alice “Pinky” Hamilton first came to Colorado Springs in 1947 with her sister, Sally, and brother-in-law, Robert M. Stabler, as he joined the Colorado College faculty as a zoologist. A 1933 graduate of Elmira College, New York, Hamilton received her Ph.D. in physiology from Columbia University and from 1939 to 1941 did research at the University of Michigan Medical School. Hamilton became the associate lab director for the Colorado Foundation for Research in Tuberculosis from 1947 to 1952. She began to lecture in zoology at Colorado College in 1950, becoming assistant professor in 1958, associate professor in 1963, professor of biology in 1972, and retiring as professor emerita in 1977. She also assisted her brother-in-law, Robert Stabler, with research projects related to trichomoniasis in pigeons and falcons.

  • Thumbnail for Haney, John Donald
    Haney, John Donald by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Donald J. Haney (CC class of 1933) was originally from Mississippi, but later grew up in Colorado Springs when his family moved to the city for his father’s health. Haney talks about the social life at the College, his role as a cheerleader, golf team member, campus athletics, professors, friends who have become prominent citizens and college supporters, his beloved wife, Gratia Belle Blackman (whom he met at Colorado College), the library and librarian, and being a musician in dance bands at Colorado College. After graduating he moved to Chicago to become a professional musician, but Miss Blackman and Colorado’s blue skies prompted his return to Colorado Springs. Mr. Haney attended law school at the University of Colorado and practiced law with his brother in Colorado Springs until he retired.

  • Thumbnail for Hochman, William R.
    Hochman, William R. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor William R. Hochman was born on August 28, 1921 in New York City, and received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University. He served in the United States Navy during World War II. Professor Hochman joined the Colorado College faculty as instructor of history in 1955, as assistant professor from 1955 through 1960, as associate professor from 1960 to 1965, and as professor from 1965 until his retirement in 1998. He served as Chair of the Department of Education for four years, beginning in 1964 and as Chair of the History Department from 1970 to 1983, and Dean of the Summer Session from 1990–1998. He also served on innumerable campus committees and as faculty marshal for many years. Notable for his compelling public speaking, Professor Hochman was long active in local, state and national Democratic Party politics, but he is best known as an outstanding teacher by his many former students, particularly the alumni of Freedom and Authority.

  • Thumbnail for Honnen, Edward H.
    Honnen, Edward H. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Edward H. Honnen was born in Pueblo, Colorado on April 17, 1899, and grew up in Colorado Springs. In the midterm of 1917, he entered Colorado College, where he excelled in three sports: basketball, track, and especially football, for which he was named the Rocky Mountain Conference's All Conference Tackle. When his father died in 1920, Honnen assumed control of the family's construction business. Over the years, he became a highly successful general contractor, involved in many important regional projects such as the building of Ft. Carson, Peterson Field, and various aspects of the Denver and Colorado Springs water systems. Around 1949, he became President of the McCoy Caterpillar Company, until his retirement in 1965, when he pursued team roping in the Old Timer's Rodeo Circuit. He is a member of the Cowboy Hall of Fame and the Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame. His many philanthropies have included: Colorado College Ice Rink, the donation of Western Art to the Fine Arts Center, and the Orchid House at the Denver Botanical Gardens. From 1946 to 1950, he served as a Colorado College Alumni Trustee and then as a Charter Trustee from 1960-1983. He received two Honorary Degrees from Colorado College, the first in 1960 and another in 1983. His autobiography, Tally Ho, contains further details of his life and many accomplishments.

  • Thumbnail for Jackson, Helen
    Jackson, Helen by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Helen Jackson, born in Colorado Springs in 1890, gave this interview at the age of 87. Her father, William Sharpless Jackson, was a close associate of General Palmer, and he served on the Colorado College Board of Trustees between 1874 and 1917. Her brother, William S. Jackson, Jr., served as a trustee for 50 years between 1925 and 1975. One of seven children, Miss Jackson was the daughter of William S. Jackson, Sr.'s second wife, Helen Fisk Banfield, and a great-niece of his first wife, the writer Helen Hunt. Miss Jackson graduated from Cutler Academy in 1907, received her B.A. at Vassar in 1912, and an M.A. from Colorado College in 1915. She taught school for many years at the Dudley Road School in Massachusetts, before returning to Colorado Springs around 1942 to become custodian of the Jackson family home at 228 East Kiowa. When the home was torn down in 1961 and reconstructed at the Pioneer Museum, Miss Jackson became the interpreter of its history to thousands of museum visitors, especially area school children.

  • Thumbnail for Johns, Gilbert R.
    Johns, Gilbert R. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor of Psychology Gilbert R. Johns, who received his Ph.D. from the University of Indiana, came to Colorado College in 1962, following a teaching appointment at Ohio University. His specialties have been in sensory psychology and perception and the history of science and psychology. Professor Johns served as the Dean of the Colorado College Summer Session for 15 years, from 1965 to 1981. He was director of the Colorado Opera Festival from 1970 to 1978. From 1982 to 1992 he was critic at large for the Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph. He retired in 1996.

  • Thumbnail for Johnson, James Alan
    Johnson, James Alan by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor Johnson (CC class of 1956) graduated with a major in economics. He was hired as an instructor in the Business Administration and Economics Department immediately following his graduation. After receiving his M.A. in Economics from Stanford University in 1959, he was promoted to assistant professor in 1961, associate professor in 1969, and professor in 1980. Professor Johnson's most notable contribution to the college was as registrar from the implementation of the Block Plan in 1970 to 1990. During his tenure, he initiated computerization of student and course records, an innovative point system, and a writing program across the curriculum. Following his retirement in 1995, he continued to serve as the coach of the Colorado College Forensics Team, a position he held for over 40 years.

  • Thumbnail for Jones, Jean Armstrong and Jones, Gerald L.
    Jones, Jean Armstrong and Jones, Gerald L. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Jean Armstrong Jones (CC class of 1944) graduated with a B. A. degree in English and her husband, Gerald L. Jones, a member of the Naval V-12 Unit, was assigned to Colorado College from 1943-1945. Jean Armstrong Jones has a particularly long association with the college. Both of her parents graduated from Colorado College in 1899. Her father, Willis R. Armstrong, for whom Armstrong Hall is named, served as a trustee of the college from 1903 until 1956, and numerous members of her family also attended Colorado College. Gerald Jones has been associated with the Colorado Springs National Bank since 1946. Jean Jones provides memories of her childhood in Colorado Springs. Both Mr. and Mrs. Jones describe life on campus during World War II.

  • Thumbnail for Jones, Raymond Dean
    Jones, Raymond Dean by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Raymond D. Jones (CC class of 1967) was born in Pueblo, Colorado on November 30, 1945. While at Colorado College, Jones was the first African-American president of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. After graduating from Colorado College, he received his law degree from Harvard University in 1971. At the time of this interview he was a judge in the Denver District Court, appointed by Governor Richard Lamm. Jones’ interview focuses on campus life in the 1960’s, attitudes about civil rights in Colorado Springs, and experiences from the perspective of a minority student.

  • Thumbnail for Joyce, Mary Barkalow Holt
    Joyce, Mary Barkalow Holt by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Mary Barkalow Joyce (CC class of 1938) came with her sister and widowed mother to Colorado College from California in 1934 when her mother was offered the position as Head Resident of Bemis Hall. As an entering freshman, Miss Barkalow was offered a job as a “hasher” in Bemis. She talks about her enjoyment of Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority; her professors, particularly her female professors as role models; her introduction to social work, which became her profession; campus social life; campus athletics; Murray’s Drug Store; classes; chapel attendance; and her career in social work. She compares her college experience to that of her granddaughters who attended Colorado College. Grace Berkley Brannon (CC class of 1927) contributes to this interview.

  • Thumbnail for Keener, Helen Lennox
    Keener, Helen Lennox by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Helen Lennox Keener graduated from Cutler Academy in 1913 and then from Colorado College (CC class of 1917). Mrs. Keener's family, the Lennox family, was one of the prominent pioneer families of the Pikes Peak region. With her husband, George Keener, she owned and operated for many years the Plaza Hotel (now Spencer Center) at the southwest corner of Cache la Poudre and Tejon streets. Her interview describes life at Cutler Academy and the academic and social life at Colorado College between 1913-1917.

  • Thumbnail for King, Jackson F.
    King, Jackson F. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Jackson F. King (CC class of 1927) majored in economics, and then went on to a successful career in investments and banking. While a student at Colorado College, he was a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity, the business manager of the student yearbook, the Nugget, the treasurer of the senior class, and voted Most Likely to Succeed by his classmates. He was also employed at a theater on Pikes Peak Ave where he ran the motion picture projector. He talks about fraternity activities and student life. He recalls professors Jacob Swart, Ralph Gilmore, Lewis Abbott, A.P.R. Drucker, Dean of Students Charlie Brown Hershey, and President Mierow.

  • Thumbnail for Krutzke, Frank A.
    Krutzke, Frank A. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor Krutzke was a member of the English department at Colorado College from 1939-1971. He talks about his impressions of professors Daehler, Ellis, McCue, Bramhall, Abbott, and Gilmore. Krutzke discusses life at Colorado College during World War II, including student Bert Stiles, a pilot in the war who wrote a well known book, Serenade to the Big Bird. He gives impressions of the administration after the war and his involvement with the formation of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) chapter at Colorado College. He also discusses the changes that President Benezet brought to the College, the McCarthy era, Colorado College students from 1939 to the 1970s, and the Block Plan.

  • Thumbnail for Kutsche, Paul
    Kutsche, Paul by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor Paul Kutsche, "Buzz," was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan on January 3, 1927. He received a B.A. from Harvard College in 1949; his M.A. in Anthropology from the University of Michigan in 1955; and his Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1961. Kutsche came to Colorado College in the fall of 1959 as an assistant professor of sociology and anthropology. He is credited with creating a separate Anthropology Department in 1964. He was named professor in 1970, and finally professor emeritus in 1993. Author of many articles in professional journals, he also co-authored, with John Van Ness, a book entitled Canones. He has been an active advocate of homosexual rights in Colorado and around the country.

  • Thumbnail for Liddle, Evelyn Berdine Johnson and Liddle, Edward B.
    Liddle, Evelyn Berdine Johnson and Liddle, Edward B. by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Dr. Edward B. Liddle (CC class of 1943) and his wife, Evelyn Johnson Liddle (CC class of 1943) were both natives of Colorado Springs. Dr. Liddle was born on July 11, 1922, was a member of Phi Gamma Beta fraternity while at Colorado College, and graduated with a degree in biology. Dr. Liddle has been a general and thoracic surgeon in Colorado Springs since 1955. Mrs. Liddle was born on July 27, 1921, was a member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority and the Koshare drama club while at Colorado College, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa and Magna Cum Laude with a Bachelor of Arts in psychology. Among the topics they discuss was the impact of the outbreak of World War II on the campus.

  • Thumbnail for Lindeman, Elizabeth Van Valkenburgh
    Lindeman, Elizabeth Van Valkenburgh by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Elizabeth Van Valkenburgh Lindeman (CC class of 1946) describes her perspective as a student during the turbulent and unsettled years of World War II. While a student at Colorado College, Elizabeth Lindeman was a psychology major, a member of Gamma Phi Beta, president of the Associated Women Students, a member of the Quadrangle Association, the Joint Student/Faculty Emergency Council, and numerous other college activities.

  • Thumbnail for Lipsey, Julia Frances Hassell
    Lipsey, Julia Frances Hassell by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Julia Frances Hassell Lipsey (CC class of 1917) was a life long resident of Colorado Springs; her father operated the Hassell Ironworks and was known for his fine wrought iron fences. Prior to attending Colorado College, Mrs. Lipsey graduated from Cutler Academy in 1913. She married John J. Lipsey in 1924, and with him operated a small antiquarian book dealership, later specializing in books on Western history. She discusses college life for women in the early part of the 20th century.

  • Thumbnail for Madruga, Herving
    Madruga, Herving by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Professor Herving Madruga, a native of Cuba, joined the Colorado College Romance Languages faculty in 1958. He received his B.A. (1952) and M.A. (1954) from Harvard University, a Certificat de Phonetique from the University of Paris, France in 1954; and his Ph.D. from the University of Colorado in 1965. Professor Madruga was one of the founding faculty and the early director of the Program in Comparative Literature at Colorado College. He is also known for his French theater productions. He retired in 1994.

  • Thumbnail for Makepeace, J. Tyler
    Makepeace, J. Tyler by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936- , Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    John Tyler Makepeace (CC class of 1969) was born on October 25, 1947, in Waterbury, Connecticut. He attended Washington and Lee University for one year before transferring to Colorado College in 1966. After graduating with a B.A. in political science, he studied law at the University of Colorado and received his degree in 1972. From 1972 to 1977, Makepeace was senior deputy district attorney. From 1975 to 1977, he was also chief juvenile division district attorney. He was the founder of CHINS-UP in 1975 and an unsuccessful legislative candidate for District 18 in 1978. During the time of this interview he was a member of the Colorado Commission on Higher Education and was in private practice with his partner, Dan Winograd, (CC class of 1970).

  • Thumbnail for Mashburn, Mary Gaston
    Mashburn, Mary Gaston by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Mary G. Mashburn (CC class of 1983) graduated with a major in political economy. She was active in student publications: editor of the Catalalyst, 1980-1981; and editor of the Critique, 1981-1982. Ms. Mashburn's interview focuses on student life at Colorado College during the 1980's.

  • Thumbnail for McCue, Lillian de la Torre Bueno
    McCue, Lillian de la Torre Bueno by Finley, Judith Reid, 1936-

    Lillian Bueno McCue, whose pen name is Lillian de la Torre, was born in New York City on March 15, 1902, received her B.A. at New Rochelle College in 1921, an M.A. from Columbia University in 1927, and another M.A. from Harvard in 1933. Her field of study is 18th Century English literature. Her husband George McCue, whom she married in 1932, taught English at Colorado College from 1935 to 1962. Lillian McCue was a well-known mystery writer of several novels, numerous short stories, and 12 plays, most notably Goodbye, Miss Lizzie Borden. She referred to herself as a histo-detector, researching unsolved mysteries of the past, particularly using the 18th century characters of Dr. Sam Johnson and his friend Boswell as central figures.