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Birth Rate’s Effect on Economic Growth- A Study Focusing on China’s Family Planning Policy

by Qi, Jiawen

Abstract

This paper examines the birth rate’s effect on economic growth focusing especially on China from the year 1979 to the year 2014 since this was the period when the one-child policy was applied. This study uses a panel dataset that contains data of 28 Chinese provinces and uses Fixed Effect and system GMM as the main estimation methods to conduct an empirical analysis. Also, this research uses the rate of people who only have one child as an instrumental variable to control for the endogeneity of the birth rate for the year 2000 to the year 2010. The results suggest that birth rate has no significant effect on the growth of GDP. Although this result is not consistent with the results of some previous research that birth rate has a positive effect on economic growth, it suggests some possible reasons for the introduction of the new two-child policy in December 2015.

Note

The author has given permission for this work to be deposited in the Digital Archive of Colorado College.

Colorado College Honor Code upheld.

Includes bibliographical references.

Administrative Notes

The author has given permission for this work to be deposited in the Digital Archive of Colorado College.

Colorado College Honor Code upheld.

Copyright
Copyright restrictions apply.
Publisher
Colorado College Tutt Library
PID
coccc:27378
Digital Origin
born digital
Extent
20 pages
Thesis
Senior Thesis -- Colorado College
Thesis Advisor
Pedro de Arajuo
Department/Program
Economics and Business
Degree Name
Bachelor of Arts
Degree Type
bachelor
Degree Grantor
Colorado College Tutt Library
Date Issued
2017-05