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Charger - top view

Abstract

From Sawankhalok, 15th or 16th century with 20th century added decoration. Stoneware, H: 2 5/8" x Dia: 11". Green-glazed wares were among the earliest Chinese ceramics to make their way to Southeast Asia. These celadons were coveted because of the belief that they had magical properties such as the ability to reveal poisonous food. To achieve the green color of celadon, glaze made of wood ash mixed with clay and 2 to 5 per cent iron is applied, then fired in a reduction low oxygen atmosphere; the potter accomplishes this by closing the kiln's intake ports at a precise internal temperature, which is determined by observing the degree of incandescence within the kiln through a peephole. If the timing is off, the glaze will maintain its original whitish color. The resulting colors range from a pale, almost white green to a bright apple green, while the glaze finish ranges from matte to a glassy, reflective surface. Large, shallow plates or chargers were particularly coveted in the islands; they reflect Southeast Asian and Islamic influence, as the large size was suited to communal eating. However, this charger probably never was exported, as it slumped in the kiln and was undoubtedly considered a kiln waster. The plate was originally devoid of decoration, with the design now on the surface having been added in recent years by an unscrupulous dealer to enhance the price of the object. Even in the photograph, you can make out how lines mimicking incisions were drawn on both the exterior and interior. The base elucidates the firing technique, as the circular mark indicates the charger was stacked in the kiln using a disc support, the typical Sawankhalok kiln support used to separate the dishes so the glaze does not adhere them together.

Note

Materials may be used for educational, non-commercial purposes only. Acknowledgement to be given to the ASIANetwork-Luce Asian Art in the Undergraduate Curriculum Project and to the college from whose collection the work comes. The individual college retains copyright to the work.

Administrative Notes

Materials may be used for educational, non-commercial purposes only. Acknowledgement to be given to the ASIANetwork-Luce Asian Art in the Undergraduate Curriculum Project and to the college from whose collection the work comes. The individual college retains copyright to the work.

Copyright
Copyright restrictions apply.
Publisher
Lake Forest College
PID
coccc:24861