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Geology Thin Slides

286 hits

  • Thumbnail for 44-7303
    44-7303

    This coarse-grained samples is dominated by subhedral quartzofeldspathic phases. The feldspars are altering to clays and the quartz extinction is undulose. The biotite phase is altering to chlorite in some places and is generally subhedral in shape; kink bands are found in some grains. The hornblende crystals are subhedral and generally cluster with the biotite.

  • Thumbnail for 44-7340
    44-7340

    This coarse-grained pyroxenite is comprised of generally euhedral harzburgite crystals. Many crystals are fractured or embayed.

  • Thumbnail for 483
    483

    The k-feldspars in this granite have prominent perthitic intergrowths, which overprint obvious tartan and Carlsbad twins. Feldspars growth is more euhedral than that of quartz or biotite. A single, tiny, fractured olivine crystal is present along the margin of the thin section.

  • Thumbnail for 484
    484

    Perthitic intergrowths of k-feldspar and albite are prevalent throughout this coarse-grained, nearly allotriomorphic granite. Riebeckite and biotite are found intergrown together in anhedral masses. The rare tiny, equant olivine crystal is observable.

  • Thumbnail for 485
    485

    The k-feldspars in this granite have prominent perthitic intergrowths, which overprint obvious tartan and Carlsbad twins. Feldspars growth is more euhedral than that of other phases, though grain boundaries between feldspars are rather sutured. Anhedral riebeckite and biotite have seive-like textures. Olivine, if present, is found in trace amounts.

  • Thumbnail for 49
    49

    A uniformly fine-grained parallel-oriented aggregate of angular quartz grains, feldspar fragments, chlorite flakes, sericite flakes and shreds, aggregates of submicroscopic clay minerals (chiefly kaolinite), and carbonaceous shreds. Accessory detrital species recognizable are biotite, apatite, zircon, epidote, and tourmaline.

  • Thumbnail for 497
    497

    Though dominated by k-feldspar, albite and quartz, this thin section contains biotite pseudomorphs after hornblende, and trace monzaite (distinguished by its high relief, high birefringence colors, and square to diamond shape).

  • Thumbnail for 498
    498

    This sample is quite coarse-grained. Tartan twinning in the k-feldspar is overprinted by flame and blebby lamellae and both are riddled with inclusions of hornblende, micas, and monazite or zircon. Radiation halos are found around the zircons or monazite crystals found as inclusions in biotite grains.

  • Thumbnail for 502
    502

    This fine-grained granite has a mosaic texture. The quartz seems undisturbed, however, most other phases display evidence of weathering and disequilibrium. The dusting of clays and presence of sericite inclusions in the feldspars indicates they are chemically weathered. Biotite and muscovite are skeletal in appearance and biotite is frequently interfingered with chlorite.

  • Thumbnail for 504; 505
    504; 505

    The feldspars in this thin section are partially sericitized and somewhat poikilitic and the biotite is substantially altered. Grains are generally anhedral in shape.

  • Thumbnail for 507
    507

    Most crystals in this thin section are highly embayed, including the distinctive riebeckite grains.

  • Thumbnail for 51
    51

    A very poorly sorted rock with variably sized and angular quartz and feldspar pieces (both plagioclase and orthoclase; some fresh, others sericitized) set in a finer-grained matrix of chlorite, sericite, carbonate, silky quartz, leucoxene, magnetite and pyrite. Matrix chlorite corrodes quartz grains marginally. A few microfragments of rock (quartzite, granite, gneiss) also are present. Accessory detritals include muscovite, sphene, tourmaline and epidote. Most of the quartz pieces are markedly undulatory. A very low degree of incipient metamorphism is indicated by abundant secondary epidote in the matrix which also locally contains minute platelets of stilpnomelane.

  • Thumbnail for 513
    513

    Square phenocrysts of quartz and feldspar disrupt this porphyritic granite's otherwise mosaic of equigranular grains. Subhedral and partially resorbed biotite is scattered throughout.

  • Thumbnail for 515
    515

    This hypidiomorphic inequigranular granite has rather scalloped grain boundaries, particularly among the quartzofeldspathic phases, though the biotite grains exhibit similar textures with the feldspars. One anhedral biotite grain has bulbs protruding into the neighboring k-feldspar grain. Quartz extinction is uniform. Olivine is present in trace amounts and the highly-fractured phase is typically surrounded by a thick rim of iddingsite.

  • Thumbnail for 52
    52

    Microscopically mainly cryptocrystalline and merely translucent in shades of gray-brown. Subordinate silty quartz grains, feldspar pieces, sericite flakes, calcite rhombs, and a few particles of pyrite, zircon, magnetite and leucoxene. The dark matrix is composed mainly of illitic clay material.

  • Thumbnail for 544
    544

    Although the bulk of this thin section has an aplitic texture of quartz and feldspar, several larger feldspar phenocrysts punctuate the mosaic texture of the smaller population of quartzofeldspathic phases. Biotite is sparse and where present, skeletal in shape.

  • Thumbnail for 56
    56

    A very fine-grained brownish-gray aggregate of chalcedonic quartz, scattered specks and aggregates of slightly coarser quartz and irregular stringers and blebs of translucent to opaque organic material. Local patches and grains of fossiliferous calcite appear.

  • Thumbnail for 57
    57

    Chalcedonic quartz forms pseudomorphs after carbonate oolites. Both concentric and radial internal structures are preserved. Where and oolite is sectioned centrally the sandgrain nucleus appears. Both the oolites and scattered quartz sand grains are set in a matrix of fine-grained chalcedony.

  • Thumbnail for 57-K-91
    57-K-91

    This vesicular basalt contains microphenocrysts of olivine and orthopyroxene, both of which are also lesser components of the groundmass which consists mainly of uniformly-sized plagioclase laths. The olivine phenocryst have weak reaction rims. Some plagioclase is zoned and sieved.

  • Thumbnail for 58-K-91
    58-K-91

    Unoriented plagioclase laths and interstitial glass and clinopyroxene make up the groundmass of this vesicular basalt. Olivine and orthopyroxene microphenocrysts are scattered throughout.

  • Thumbnail for 59-K-91
    59-K-91

    This vesicular basalt contains microphenocrysts of olivine and orthopyroxene, both of which are also lesser components of the groundmass which consists mainly of uniformly-sized plagioclase laths. The olivine phenocryst have weak reaction rims. Some plagioclase is zoned and sieved.

  • Thumbnail for 6
    6

    The three essential felsic species occur in two sizes. The larger plaioclases are euhedral and zoned and are pheocrysts, in places glomeroporphritic. A few large subhedral kaolinized orthoclase grains are present as are large quartz anhedra. These are set in a poorly defined groundmass of variable grained quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase, biotite, and hornblende. Of these the mafics are subhedral, the plagioclase is euhedral, and the others anhedral. Hornblende, more strongly altered than biotite, is variably colored in pale green, bluish green and buff. It is replaced by chlorite and epidote. Accessories are magnetite, apatite, sphene and zircon.

  • Thumbnail for 60
    60

    Interlocking microcrystalline calcite crystals and microspar with veinlets of hematite. (Angular fragments of turbid, fine-grained, distinctly layered limestone are cemented and veined by clear, much coarser grained calcite. The limestone pieces contain uniformly fine-grained calcite, veinlets and patches of hematite, small aggregates of chalcedony, grains of sand and silt-sized quartz and disseminated shreds of opaque carbonaceous debris. Some pieces are so fine-grained that they approach the texture of lithographic limestone.)

  • Thumbnail for 62-K-91
    62-K-91

    Plagioclase laths in this thin section have a continuous gradation in size from groundmass to phenocrysts. Most are euhedral in shape and this phase makes up roughly 70-80% of the minerals in this sample. Subhedral clinopyroxene makes up the remaining 20-30% of the minerals. The larger, blocky plagioclase is locally zoned and a sieve texture is observable in some grains.

  • Thumbnail for 671
    671

    This allotriomorphic granite shows evidence of weathering as most feldspars are partially obscured by a dusting of clay minerals. Tartan twinning of microcline is obvious throughout the sample. The curving of biotite cleavage and subhedral grain shapes indicates the biotite is not pristine. It is commonly found occurring with subhedral hornblende as well as large, clear to light brown, anhedral sphene crystals.